Lonesome George Lonesome George is the last known individual of the Pinta Island Tortoise (Geochelone nigra abingdoni) which is one of eleven subspecies

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  • Slide 1
  • Lonesome George Lonesome George is the last known individual of the Pinta Island Tortoise (Geochelone nigra abingdoni) which is one of eleven subspecies of Galpagos tortoise, all of which are native to the Galpagos Islands. He has been labelled the rarest creature in the world, and is a potent symbol for conservation efforts in the Galpagos and internationally. It is thought that he was named after a character played by American actor George Gobel. The Demise of the Giant Tortoise Giant tortoises once occurred on all continents, except Antarctica. However, the evolution of humans and their rapid colonization of the earth meant that the giant tortoises, large, tasty, and easy to kill, were quickly hunted to extinction in all but the most inaccessible regions of the globe. Lonely and Looking for Love? Galapagos Tortoise Tortoises on the Galpagos have been hunted for their meat by sailors and fishermen to the point of extinction. Charles Darwin, when he arrived in the Galpagos in 1835, described how he and the crew of the Beagle lived entirely on tortoise meat. Also, the habitat of the tortoises has been eaten away by goats introduced from the mainland. Georges History to date George was first seen on the island of Pinta on 1 December 1971 by American snail biologist Joseph Vagvolgyi. The island's vegetation had been decimated by introduced feral goats, and the indigenous G. n. abingdoni population had been reduced to a single individual. Relocated for his safety to the Charles Darwin Research Station, George was penned with two females of a different subspecies, but although eggs have been produced, none have hatched. How is the page made clearer by placing the paragraphs into different text boxes? What is the purpose of the subheadings? What is the information in the brackets? Some of the words on the page stand out because they are in bold print. Why have these words been put in bold? Why are some words in italics in the yellow text box?
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  • GIANT Tortoise Facts Are the largest terrestrial reptiles on earth. Weigh up to 300kg May live for more than 150 years Colonized Galapagos from South America some 2-3 million years ago Once occurred on 10 islands. Today, wild tortoises are restricted to just 6 islands May have comprised 15 sub-species, while today only 11 are recognized. Lonesome George' at the breeding centre Fausto Llerena on the Galapagos' Santa Cruz Island. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images Lonesome George Key Facts Species: Geochelone abingdoni Common name: Pinta giant tortoise, Lonesome George Size: 102cm across shell, 88kg in weight Habitat: Charles Darwin Research Station corral Diet: herbivore Range: None present on Pinta, Lonesome George resides at Charles Darwin Research Station Status: Pinta species is nearing Extinction Threatened by: introduced species, habitat destruction, historical predation by humans Further Details There is a reward of $10,000 for the discovery of a Pinta female There are other giant tortoises which are located on other islands of the Galapagos Islands.Galapagos Islands. Why are the fact boxes an efficient way to give the reader information? What do we call the text under a photograph? There are two different functions of the caption? What are they? If this was a web page how would the underlined / coloured words be useful?
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  • 21. Both Quiet Heroine (pages 67) and The Further Adventures of Souperkid (pages 89) are stories. Both stories include pictures but for different purposes. What is the purpose of the pictures: in Quiet Heroine on pages 6 and 7? in The Further Adventures of Souperkid on pages 8 and 9? 27. Page 11 is clear to read because it is divided into questions and answers. How does this layout help the reader? The bear pictures are from a story called The Quiet Heroine
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  • 21. Both Quiet Heroine (pages 67) and The Further Adventures of Souperkid (pages 89) are stories. Both stories include pictures but for different purposes. What is the purpose of the pictures: Assessment focus 4: identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level. in Quiet Heroine on pages 6 and 7? 1 mark Award 1 mark for reference to illustrations enhancing / helping understanding / visualisation of the scene, eg: it helps you to picture it; it helps you understand it better; it illustrates / decorates. Do not accept suggestions that the story is told through the pictures, eg: to show you whats happening. in The Further Adventures of Souperkid on pages 8 and 9? 1 mark Award 1 mark for reference to the fact that illustrations convey the story / are crucial to understanding, eg: they tell the story; they are used instead of words; without the pictures you wouldnt know what was happening. Do not accept: because its a comic strip. 27. Page 11 is clear to read because it is divided into questions and answers. How does this layout help the reader? 1 mark Assessment focus 4: identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level. Award 1 mark for answers that identify their function in separating and signalling different parts of the text, eg: the questions are like sub-headings / the answers are the paragraphs; you can go straight for the Q and A you are most interested in; the questions tell you about the topic of the next paragraph; the reader knows what he/she is about to read about. Do not accept references to the text looking clearer / division into sections.
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  • 7. Give two ways the text on pages 4 and 5 is written like a diary. Some of the words on page 6 stand out because they are in bold print. Why have these words been put in bold? Give two reasons 1 2
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  • 7. Give two ways the text on pages 4 and 5 is written like a diary. up to 2 marks Assessment focus 4: identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level. Award 1 mark for each response in the following categories, to a maximum of 2 marks: has time/day and/or place of writing / is daily comments, eg: it shows the time / it splits it into the days; written in note form / uses short sentences, eg: its not in full sentences; chronological order, eg: its in date order; uses informal language, eg: its as if shes talking to another person; written in first person / uses I. Do not accept references to diary-type content, eg: its a record of what Sharon did/felt or undeveloped references to brevity, eg: they are short, or layout, eg: its set out like a diary. 14. Some of the words on page 6 stand out because they are in bold print. Why have these words been put in bold? Give two reasons. up to 2 marks Assessment focus 4: identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level. Award 1 mark for reference to any of the following, to a maximum of 2 marks: names / roles / functions / jobs of the cowboys, eg: because thats who they are / because its the name of the persons job; the words are included on the diagram, eg: so you see them and look on the diagram / so you can find them on the picture; the words show the topic of the paragraph, eg: they are what the section is about / the thing that its telling us about; the words need to be explained, eg: because theyre words you probably dont know / those are the words they are explaining. Do not accept references to important words / key words or subheadings.
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  • 27. The writer uses dots... (ellipsis) twice on page 10, each time for a different purpose. Explain the two different purposes. he brought in his first herd of mustangs Early the next morning he had ridden out alone He thought about the time when he brought in his first herd of mustangs One day several of the cowboys had gone out to capture a herd. The ranch had been short of horses and no one ever thought of buying horses when there were so many wild ones. He had wanted to tell them that he would bring in the horses, but they would have laughed at him. Whod ever heard of one man bringing in a herd? So he had watched them ride out, saying nothing. A few days later they were back, tired and disgusted. They hadnt even been able to get close to a herd. That evening Bob had timidly suggested to Mr Hunter that he be allowed to try. Everyone laughed. Bob reminded them that no one on the ranch could handle a horse like he could, that the horses came to him more than anyone else. The cowboys had acknowledged that that was true, but it was impossible for one man to capture a herd. Bob had said nothing else. Early the next morning he had ridden out alone Three weeks later the cowboys had been sitting outside the ranch one evening and looked up to see a herd of mustangs galloping towards them, led by Bob. Despite their amazement, they had moved quickly to open the gate and Bob had led the horses in. 16. What is the purpose of the sub-headings on pages 8 and 9? .
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  • 27. The writer uses dots (ellipsis) twice on page 10, each time for a different purpose. Explain the two different purposes. a) he brought in his first herd of mustangs 1 mark b) Early the next morning he had ridden out alone 1 mark Assessment focus 4: identify and comment on the structure and organisation of texts, including grammatical and presentational features at text level. a) Award 1 mark for recognition that the ellipsis introduces a flashback, eg: hes going back and thinking about it; he is going to tell the story; read on and Ill tell you about it. b) Award 1 mark for recognition that the ellipsis indicates the passage of ti