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  • Lobbying in Brussels

    Richard Tuffs Director ERRIN director@errin.eu www.errin.eu Tel 0032 2 503 25 30

    mailto:director@errin.eu http://www.errin.eu/

  • Contents

     Why lobby

     Who to lobby

     How to lobby

     Working in Brussels

     Discussion

  • Why lobby

     Lobbying is all about influencing decision making either directly or indirectly

     Decision making

     Directives, regulations, norms, standards, recommendations, terminology, etc.

     Directly or indirectly

     Open, upfront or behind the scenes

     Lukes three dimensions of power

  • Lukes – 3 dimensions of power

     Democratic voting  Electorate, parliament, committees, etc.

     Majority wins

     Agenda setting  Who sets the agenda, who decides what

    is to be voted?

     Ideological  Setting wider frameworks of thinking

     Sustainability vs technology

     Capitalism vs socialism

     Research vs innovation

  • Lukes

    Voting Agenda- setting

    Ideological

    Activities

    Who

    Where

    How

    Timelines

    Measuring success

  • 6

    EU ‘Lobbying’

     In the European context, lobbying enables anyone that is working on EU affairs, to get involved with the EU Institutions, participate in the debate, contribute to the EU decision making, by influencing.

     Networking: provide the individuals the opportunity to enhance this influencing potential and maximise the impacts, by bringing together individual resources, skills and interests.

  • Why lobby

     Proactive: to compete for the future, don’t just adapt to the future, make your future  Wayne Gretsky “ don’t skate to where

    the puck is, skate to where it is going to be”

     Reactive: defend your position – someone else may be lobbying against you – doing nothing is not an option

  • Lobbying, the good, the bad and the ugly

    Protecting your interests Getting the right decision at the right time

  • The ugly…

  • The ugly… 2

  • Why lobby in Brussels

     Widening power of EU  In UK an estimated 13% of Acts and Statutory

    Instruments have an EU influence, whereas that rises to 62% when EU regulations are included in addition to Acts and Statutory Instruments.

     Single market 500,000 consumers  28 countries  EU budget – ‘juste retour’ getting more out than you

    put in…

     EU institutions  Commission  Parliament

     More powers of co-decision under the Lisbon Treaty

     Council  Permanent Representations

     Committee of the Regions  Economic and Social Committee

  • The opportunities: why Brussels as a Hub ?

    EU Budget 2015

    12

  • Funds from Europe

  • Who pays what?

  • Longterm lobbying

  • Lobbies in Brussels

     800 Press Corps (second after Washington)

     15,000-30,000 lobbyists

     5,678 organisations on Transparency Register

     1500 professional associations

     CEFIC – 150 people

     300 companies

     200 regions

     150? EU networks

     Regional networks  AER, CEMR, CPMR, CEBR, REGLEG, AlpesRegio,

    ISLENET, EURADA, ERRIN, Eurocities…

     100 management consultancies/law firms

     APCO, Burson-Marsteller, GPlus, Hill & Knowlton, Weber Shandwick…

  • Cohesion Policy

     44% of EU budget

     Objective 1 and Objective 2 regions

     Objective 2 regions get more funding

     Funding implications  Overall EU budget

     Percentage allocated to cohesion

     Sub-divide in categories of regions

     Spending categories – what spent on

     Shift from cohesion to competitiveness  Bridges to brains

     Matched funding – how much from regions

  • Cohesion Policy 2014-2020

    http://ec.europa.eu/regional_policy/images/what/future/img/eligibility20142020.gif

  • 3,27 5,36 6,6

    13,12 14,96 17,5

    53,3

    0

    10

    20

    30

    40

    50

    60

    1984-1987 1987-1991 1990-1994 1994-1998 1998-2002 2002-2006 2007-2013

    € Billion

    19

    2014-2020

    Research Framework Programme €79bn

  • Horizon 2020 consultation 2011

     1303 responses via response to questionnaire

     775 position papers

     http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon 2020/index_en.cfm?pg=home

    http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm?pg=home http://ec.europa.eu/research/horizon2020/index_en.cfm?pg=home

  • Consultation on Horizon 2020

  • European Innovation Council

     Workshop on 13th April

     80 participants – full house!

     Good publicity!

  • European Innovation Council

    1000 replies

    170 positions

    Problem: Navigating range

    of initiatives

    Problem: Lack of access to risk

    finance

  • Consultation

     Strong agreement to support disruptive innovation

     Wide agreement that there are gaps in innovation support for above

     Strong calls for EIC that would simplify and fill in gaps

  • EIC Possible Next Steps

     Simplify access to H2020 Innovation Support

     SME Instrument, prizes, continue Fast Track to Innovation and FET Open…

     Strengthen support for disruptive market creating innovation

     Open for any area

     SME Instrument should be fully bottom up with improved business processes

     Introduce external advice through a group of innovators (serial entrepreneurs, business angels, start ups, etc.) to advise the Commission

  • EIC ERRIN Possible Next Steps

     Suggest a fourth leg to the EIC argumentation:

     More focus on building capacity for regional and local place-based research and innovation ecosystems which include research infrastructure, innovation parks/campus, Living Labs, Fab Labs, maker movements, etc. which could possibly be linked to future Smart City calls, Capital of Innovation prize, urban agenda, Innovative Urban Actions, etc.

     Possibly work with ENoLL for a joint event in September

  • Lobbying – does it work?

     “It is virtually impossible for any single interest or national association to secure exclusive access to the relevant officials or politicians, let alone to exert exclusive influence”

     “ Lobbying is like advertising, 50% of it works, the problem is which 50%?”

  • Lobbying how?

     Understanding

     Information

     Intelligence

     Briefings

     Strategy

     Tactics

     Networking

     Multi-player platforms

     Return on investment

    The Brussels Maze – This way to influence!

  • Lobbying: some key P’s

    Power

    Planning

    Policy

    People Partners

    Position

    Patience

    Process Professional

    Expertise

  • Know your EU policy

    EU 2020

    Key strategy

    3 priorities smart,

    sustainable

    inclusive

    5 targets 7 flagships

  • Europe 2020: 7 flagships

    Smart growth

    Sustainable growth

    Inclusive growth

    Innovation Union

    Resource efficient Europe

    New skills for new jobs

    Mobility – Youth on the move

    Industrial policy for the globalisation era

    European platform against poverty

    Digital Agenda

  • Innovation Union

     Ten key points 1. Member States must invest more in education,

    R&D, innovation and ICTs 2. Better value for money by tackling

    fragmentation and linked national R&D research and innovation systems

    3. Modernise all levels of education 4. Better mobility for researchers and innovators

    and completion of the European Research Area 5. Simplify EU funding programmes (FP7/FP8) and

    more European Investment Bank Funding and strengthened European Research Council. Structural funds should be fully exploited to develop research and innovation capacities based on smart specialisation strategies

  • Innovation Union

     Ten key points (part 2)

    6. Get more innovation out of research with better cooperation between the worlds of business and science

    7. Reduce barriers for entrepreneurs to bring ideas to market e.g. better access to finance, affordable IPR, smarter regulation, faster standardisation and strategic use of procurement

    8. European Innovation Partnerships should be launched to accelerate research, development and market deployment. First EIP is on healthy ageing (future ones on smart cities, water-efficient Europe, smart mobility, agricultural producti