Legal Ethics Reviewer

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Legal Ethics Reviewer

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    . - BAR REVIEWERIN. .

    LEGAL AND JUDICIALETHICS

    ERNANI CRUZ PANORrtired Court Admini,trotor; Supreme Court:

    Law Profe'lOr;Forme,.ly Judge. Regional 71-iolCourt,

    Pos;g. Bn 88. Quezon City;Mrmb.r, Supreme Court Rules of Coun RelJiaion CommittH;

    CommittH Continuou. Trial. 'IHa1Committee;PnrtiC'ipont. 1918 Harvard Law School Special Program.

    Quaon Cit.\,: lActurer; U.P. Law Center; U.P. College of LawU.S. T.. Son Bed Collelle of Law; MLQU, U.E.

    School of Law; Participant. 1981Colifornia Judicial ColiegeUniversity of California., Actuhmy of71-ia.1Judges;International Aasociate.

    American Bar Association

    2005 EDITION

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Part IOVERVIEW OF E'I'WCS

    Introduction 1Various Ccmeepte oCEthic:a by Pbiloeopbera _.... 1DlMoal of Eth.ica 2

    Lite ................................................................. 2333444

    Lb.c.cl.e.t,.

    KnowlecIp 1. ,Play ........IlA.tMtic ExperieDce: _ .Sc'Ci.billt,' (FrieDd,hip) .Practic::al R.. eon.bJ._ .ReJicioD .

    Part 0QUBBnONSANDAN8WBR81N1..BGAL BTWCS 6

    PartmCASES IN JUDICIAL IH'WCS

    1. Men Error DOt GI'OUDd for AdmiDiatrativeComplaiDt 92

    2. Judp Liable for Diami'sal for Contlnum,Immonl Relation after having been PrevioualyDilc:ipliDecllor .ucIa Mi8coDcluct f!... 92:

    8. Immonl Aclvanc:. on a Litigant by a JuclpGroUDClfor DillDi I............................................... 934. AJucIp should not Depend on Subordinates

    to Remind Him ofHia I>ea.d)ine

  • ., ...... ...... !! ...... ..... ...,.. !ID,. :-a,. ,.. ,. to to t- p,. ,. ~ ,. ,.

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    I I i J i... ... ....... ...s S S 881 1 II I ~ I ISS Z

    -- ...- - -_._-..... . ... - . ,"--.-------,.--- ----- ... __ , - -- -- --- - ,.

    f' ~ ~ r= ~f.I ~ ~ 11 ra ~!SJifi~ JSJS ~

    liiliH nnn IIf If if f[f Ii U f f i~If r II~II~h,"9,,,t if it UUit if r~8 ~ ~ - - L

    I ~ :p" iiI: If .. . It .:. 3.,! if! f

    Ifl 'rl I'! .:1 Zlf' 8 \ I~II =il-i l tj .~IIIII I i Jlll.I i I ., ,: I I I ! i . : iI I' I . : I I I: ! I. . ,I I .'. I : I

    I 1'1 I Ii iii I i II... ...... ...CIt CIt N ...

    ... ...... ... ... ... ... .............. ... ..= oi i iSS &8228 aa

  • 01~ltoI' -.- _

    4.. Enar 01Juclpent Not aD U.uUlt DedIIoD ".... "....42. Dlaml .. 1Where Two Charpl are

    SuWant.la11y the Same ._- __ ._ .

    O. Admlnl.teri", Oath Without AIIlantCeMurabl .

    ... Not Ivery RuU", Can. ror Dladpilnal"JAction _ ..- - _

    45. Poet or ee-tlon from0fIlce ..Part IV

    RULES 138-lst8, RULES or COURTRule .38 - Attorney. and Admlaaloa to Bar ._-_ ..Rule I38-A - Law Student Practice Rule _ - ..Rule 139 - DI.barment or Suapen.1on orAUomell .:...Rule 139-A- Intevated Bar 01the PIalllppl_ ..Rule 1398 - D!.barment and Dladpline

    IIAltome1l .

    PartYCASE NOTES - LEGALmucs

    Unimpnchable Aceounti", 01Client.' rund.RequI.recI __ __ _---_._-_

    2. Preaumplioll of Innocence ._ _ .I. ~. r.. _....._.. . ,__ ...... CoDruct olin\ereet. ._____. ... Unauthorized SttUement br La.,..,., UDethkaI _

    114

    116116

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    111111

    118128128181

    138

    146148141148149

    ,)

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    It

    ,It

    I. Nonftll"lfII BrW ._.._._ ......._._._1. Contempt IIr DI8napectfta1 Lancuac- ......_-_S. NotariaatioD 01Document Without Vendor"

    8J",atuN II MaJpraeticI -t. Unaulhorbed Pr8dJce br Court Per.n'"

    QrouncI ,. Di8ml-a ._ _ _ ..10. Dlamleaal 01Criminal AdIoD Ground to I)lamia.

    DiaM.rmeDt ProceecIlnp ___ ._--

    11. Conviction oIClient Not CouIdereeiNOlllpnc:e _ ., .

    12. FlI"" 01MoUoa for IdenaIoD on the LutD., and SendJ", Itbr fteliMred MaU IhoweLaek 01Prot-'onal Competence and DlIIpnce ....

    11101110

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    IS. Controve...l. With Client" on AUomq.'_10 be AwcIIcIetI _ __ IN

    APPENDICESAppencllaA ,..__ ..._ _

    Appendix B _ - - -._ - -Appendix C_. __ - ..A_-"'- D ~~ ,_ ---........-...... _Appenclla 1 - ___-Appe~dix r _ __ - .Appenclix 0 ------- ..- - ---.-.Appenclix H -_._ - - - ..Appttndlal __ .._- ......__ ..Appendla J __ ------- .....-.--.---

    15818119120220t231256

    251264214

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    Part I

    OVERVIEW OF ETHICS

    InIroduCtIonEthice .. about how we oqht to tive. What maUl aD

    action &he richt, nther than die wronc thine to do.EtJlDOlolically, the word Ethlce .. fiorD the Greek word

    ETIIIKOS,In tum CromETHOS, uu,., character, dispaeilion,manner and &hemore ronnal clennition of ethica .. that, It .. aninqull'7 Into &he nature, morality or mon) acta; the .arda Corthe morally pod and riaht. Etha .. the word UIC!d to reCer to&he eel of rule, prlnelpl_ or wa,. of thlnki", that IUld., orclaim authority to IUlde the actlona of a particular lJ'Oup.

    Ethlce 'U.lta a eet oC dutle. that require u. to lubordlnate our Datura! detllre Unc:ludln, eexua! desire) In order toobey the moral law.

    VulGus Concepts of Ethics by Philosophers1. Plato COIIIlderedEtha .. eomethl", Inspired to the

    ..ker party by the Ilronpr. AriatotJe thoUlht that virtue haato be tauaflt and then practiced, eo that It becomea a habit. TheChineae philaeopher, Menciua, \hou,ht that humaD bein,. pol-_ Innate lienee of right and wro",. They do evil bee.u ..adyene condition have corrupted tlUlIr nature. RoulIICau .. wman .. a noble .. yap .. tI.ned by the bounty oC nature. Hu-man bel", CorRoUSlAClU were naturally ethical being. Il IIdYiUzation and the concept oCproperty that has corrupted tJ\em.Hume paelta that men are tom between their len .. oChuman

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  • I BAJlIEVJEWEllIN LIiOALAND JUDICIAL ITHJCS

    ity aDd oar aYUicI aDd ambitiaa 10 that the 6mctioa f1l ethiesIa to reiDl'oree thole eeDtimeDta that meet with the pneralapproval or aD.

    Materialiat phi...,.,... lib Man. Kant. tGptber withCharIea DanriD cons""" Ethica to ecaaomic arraJIPIDIIlt UD-der which bUJlWl Uft - the W81 they produce their rood, theirIIIeaDI 01 productioa wbetbel' they 6ft under a Ceudal or capi.talIat 8CODOID1. SperihU" CbarIeI DanriD that theorfPa olethica ia the IOCial hwtincta which etbical behaviormotivated bJ the iDltiDdift cIeIire to promote the CIOIDIDOIlpod. Freud viewed that the oriIiD or ttbies Ia the duire toreeoIva the conOid bet.eeD the iDdmcIual aDd the collectiveep.

    DMSIONS OF ETlDCS

    . ,. 1'be &eId ol Etbica Ia ""'-11 diYicled illto two pa,u -(8) lIeto fIIaia aDd (b)NorrrtIIliIIC edUa

    "'eto ,,1Ikt deaJa with the reflICtiou OIl phiJoIOphy 01eWee; NOI'1IIGliw edUa II applied ethice, a ltudy 01 eWesiIltendeci to iDOlIIDeI ID8IL NOI'IDatift ttbica ......,. to DOI'1Da,ftIueI, rule, IlaDdardI 01' prtDdpIe that IIhouId pide our ded.- about what we oucht to do. LepJ ethb II aD uample 01normatJft et.hica.

    AccorcIiDc to John PiDniI, a prd't IIIII' olLepJ Pbiloeophyill the UDivenity ol 0dIrd, ill bit article "Natural lAw aDdNatural RiPta- the buIc YaI.... are:

    A. ut.A ftnt buIc Yalae, CIIIr.-p ,,,..Ii.. to the drift 0I1811-pree-

    .... tioa II the Yalae 0I1ire. '11M term -ute- here IipifIee everyaspect or the vitaUtJ (uito, lire) which puta a buman beilll illpod ahape Cor l8II-detenainatJoa. BeDel, ure here iDdudeebodilJ (incIudiJw _ebial) beeJt.b aDd hedom &om the painthat ~ orpnic ID8lftanctioDin or UVW'7. ADd the recor.!"tion, pumut. and realizatioD oIthia buic human purpoee (ormtemall.y related II'OUP olJlUl1lClMl)are u various u the crafty~Ie ~.,...,.. olalDUl "eaboard Ieekinc to Itay afloatuntil hIa ahip lunIa beck lOr him; the teem.work oIlUl'pOM

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    OVElMEW or ETHICS aDd the whole II8lwort ollU~ IlaII: aDdUa" .... ieee,~ IChooJa, etc.; road ..rely laws aad JII'OlI'UIlIIMI CamillerelieC exped.itiou; fannin, aDd reariq and Iiahina; rooclmll'-ketiDg; the I'eaUlCitatioD ollUicida; watchiDr out u ooelteploffthebrb.

    B. &Owl"",'l1ae aecond buic Yalae II bowledp, COMidered u deSir-

    able ror ita own eab, DOt mere., iDltrwDentaDy.

    c. PIa71'be tbinI buIc upect oIbUJlWl walI-being Ia play. A ...

    laiD lOll ollllOl'alilt analyzinc hUJlWl poda may owrloolt thiabaie value, but aD aDtIIropoIotiat wiD DOt ran to obeerve thiaIarp aDd irTecludble element ill hwnan culture. More impor-tully, each ODe ol_ can Me the point 01engqiq ill perf'OI'ID-8IICI8I which haft DO poiDl beJUDd the perf'ormaDca itael(, en-joyed Cor ita own lake. 1'be perf'ormance may be IOUla'J 01'aocial, intellectual or phyaical. Itnnuoua or relued, highlyIlructured or relatJvaly inlormaI, conventioDal or adMe ill itapaUerD. ... An element 01 play can IDler illto hlllllaD act.IvilJ,even &be cIraftiDg 01 enacbDentl, but II alwaya ualytic:allydiatJnguilhabl. rrom Ita .. rioua- contut; and lOme act.IviUu,IDterprilet, and iDlUtutiou are entirely or primarily pure play.Play, then, hu,aDdla ita own YaI....

    D. Aathetlc ElEJNlrleaee'!be rourth buic COIDpoaent ill our fIouriahing ia authetic

    aperience. ....., ronn. ol play. IUdI _ dance 01' lOIII 01' root-ball, are the matrix 01' occa.ICID 01 authetJc apea janca. Butbeauty II not an IndiapelUNlbleelement olplay. Moreover, beautif'ul rormcan be roundand eJ\joyed in nature. AeethetJc experience, unlike pia,. Deed not illvolve aD action ol one', own: whatlllOUIht after and Yalued ror Ita own tab may timpl,. be thebeautirul rormoutaide- 0118, and the -mner" aperienca ola,.predation oCitabeauty. But oRen enousfi the valued experienceia round ill the creation and/or Wft appreciatiOll ollOlDl wcrior lignificant and -tiat