Learning to Work in a Cooperative Group Jan Summers

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  • Learning to Work in a Cooperative GroupJan Summers

  • Why Do We Have Groups?Encourages social participation of the learner

    Promotes teamwork and interpersonal skills

    Reduces competition

    Increases retention of material

  • Groups Foster Social SkillsBecome active listeners

    Learn to ask good questions

    Give others a chance to share ideas

    Passive students benefit

  • How Do Students Learn to Manage Conflict?Recognize conflictIdentify wantsIdentify feelingsIdentify others wantsOffer solutionsReach agreement

  • Teachers RoleContinually monitor groups

    Guide students by asking quality questions

    Insure that each student is accountable

  • AssessmentNeeds to be measured

    Students require feedback

    Achieved through observation

    Students self-evaluate

  • What Makes a Group Less Successful?Students work on their own

    Interaction involves giving and checking answers

    Teacher instructions are unclear

    Absence of predefined student roles

  • What Makes a Group More Successful?Manipulatives are used

    Groups have at least three members

    Rewards are used, mostly for positive behavior

    Teacher monitors group

    Individual or group accountability

  • ReferencesChiu, M. (2004). Adapting teacher interventions to students needs during cooperative learning: How to improve student problem solving and time on-task. American Educational Research Journal, 41, 365-400.

    Emmer, E. T. & Gerwels, M.C. (2002). Cooperative learning in elementary classrooms: Teaching practices and lesson characteristics. The Elementary School Journal, 103, 75-93.

    Prinu, M. (2004). Does active learning work? A review of the research. Journal of Engineering Education, 93, 223-232.

    Vermette, P., Harper, L., & Dimillo, S. (2004). Cooperative and collaborative learning with 4-8 year olds: How does research support teachers practice? Journal of Instructional Psychology, 31, 130.