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LATIN AMERICA’S CULTURE. Chapters 10-12. Geography Influences History/ migration pattern in many, many, many ways !. BERINGIA LANDBRIDGE Geographic Features influence Migration ! Some HELP……… like the “land bridge” that allowed people to migrate to the Americas from Asia. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Category 1 Geography Influences History/ migration pattern in many, many, many ways !


Geography Influences History/ migration pattern in many, many, many ways !BERINGIA LANDBRIDGEGeographic Features influence Migration !

Some HELPlike the land bridge that allowed people to migrate to the Americas from Asia

2Spatial Diffusion = spread of disease, food, language, EtcWith the Columbian Exchange, many, many, many new things were introduced to the New and Old World

34Objectives:What are the economic and cultural regions of Mexico?What challenges face Mexico?Section 3 Mexico Today5Mexicos regions:Greater Mexico Citycultural, economic, political centerCentral Mexicofertile farm area; second city, GuadalajaraGulf lowlandshot and humid; economy based on farming, ranching, oil productionSouthern MexicoYucatn and Chiapas highlands; Mayan areas, subsistence farmingNorthern Mexicomore prosperous; commercial agriculture, industry centered in MonterreySection 3 Mexico Today6Mexicos challenges:economic inequalityfew rich, many poor; promotes instability, migrationcrimedrug-related corruption and violence limit national progressinfrastructuresocial and economic advance hindered by poor water, sewer, transportSection 3 Mexico Today7Objectives:How does Central Americas history continue to shape the region today?What economic, political, and social conditions exist in the region?Section 2 Central America8Effects of history on Central America:tradition of wealth concentrated in few familiescontinued importance of Roman Catholic ChurchSpanish language (except in former British colony of Belize)population mainly mixed-race mestizos and mulattoesSection 2 Central America9Economic, political, and social conditions:commercial export agriculture, with strong foreign influencepowerful families control society, government, militarywidespread poverty and inequalitycause emigration, unrest.El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemalaviolence, civil warHonduraspoorest country; rough terrain, lack of developmentPanamavariety of conditions; wilderness jungle to modern industryCosta Ricagreatest stability, highest standard of living.Section 2 Central America10Objectives:What are some important events in the history of the Caribbean?What cultural and population patterns are found in the region?What activities support the economies of the Caribbean countries?Section 3 The Caribbean11Important events in Caribbean history:Columbuss arrival in 1492 began Spanish colonization.British, Dutch, and French competed for control.Europeans create plantations based on slave labor.Haiti gained independence in 1804.U.S. took Cuba and Puerto Rico from Spain in Spanish-American War of 1898.Many Caribbean islands remained colonies until mid-1900s.Section 3 The Caribbean12Cultural and population patterns:populationmainly Europeans and African descendantsAsian immigrantsinfluence in some countries (Trinidad and Tobago)languagebased on colonial history (Spanish, English, French, Dutch)religionCatholic, Protestant, African beliefs, Hinduism, Islam.rapid population growthproduces unemployment, emigration, urbanization.Section 3 The Caribbean13Economic activities:Except for Cuba, market economies dominate the region.Agricultural exports are the key activity: sugar, bananas, cacao, citrus, spices.Mining is important in some countries.Puerto Rico has developed industry based on U.S. policies.Tourism is important throughout the region.Section 3 The Caribbean14Objectives:What were some important events in the early history of South America?How did the colonial era and independence affect South America?What are some important features of South Americas cultures?Section 2 History and Culture15Early history:First inhabitants arrived more than 12,000 years ago.Various early civilizations arose, including the Chibcha of ColombiaInca civilization spanned much of Andean region.Spanish conquered the Inca in the 1530s.Spain and Portugal divided the continent: Spain in the west, Portugal in the east.Colonists brought new plants, animals, and diseases.Portuguese brought slave labor to Brazil to work sugar plantations.Section 2 History and Culture16Effects of the colonial era and independence:After independence (18101830), new nations were still ruled by wealthy elite.Countries remained isolated from each other.Borders mirrored colonial divisions.Life for most people changed little after independence.Governments often changed through violent coups.Section 2 History and CultureWorld Geography Today11/16/2012Chapter 121617Cultural features:great ethnic varietymixed-race, European, American Indian, African, east Indian, Japanese languagereflects colonization; Indian languages still spokenreligionmajority Roman Catholic; also Hinduism, Islam, other religionstraditional culture, despite changeSection 2 History and Culture18Objectives:What is the economy of South America like today?What are South American cities like?What issues and challenges face the people of South America?Section 3 South America Today19Economy:developing or middle-income nationsagricultureranges from subsistence to large-scale commercialindustryincluding products for local market and export manufacturesMercosureffort to expand trade and cooperationSection 3 South America Today20Urban environments:Major cities are huge compared with other cities.Urban life is often hard for rural migrants.many large slumsSection 3 South America Today21Issues and challenges:reducing povertyhigh birthratesenvironmental problemsrain forest destruction, soil exhaustionpolitical disputes over borders and resourcesviolence and terrorism, often linked to drug tradeSection 3 South America Today