1. What were going to do today Agenda: Warm Up Cornell Notes Stamp Activity By the end of class, you will be able to describe the Reconstruction Amendments: 13th, 14th, & 15th.
2. Key Terms Reconstruction: The reorganization and rebuilding of the former Confederate states after the Civil War
3. amendment: An addition or change meant to improve
4. Equal protection: Everyone receives the same fair treatment
5. Reconstruction - Amendments USII.3.a..1 FSPS Draft 2010 / Sources cited in the notes section
6. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments of the Constitution of the United States address the issues of slavery
7. and guarantee equal protection under the law for all citizens.
8. 13th Amendment (1865) Bans slavery in the United States and any of its territories FREE
9. 14th Amendment (1868) Grants citizenship to all persons born in the United States and guarantees them equal protection under the law Equal protection CITIZENS
10. 15th Amendment (1870) Ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race or color or previous condition of servitude (being a slave) VOTE
11. 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments Address the issues of slavery and guarantees equal protections under the law for all citizens FREE CITIZENS VOTE
12. 13th Amendment 14th Amendment 15th Amendment Year: What did it do: Year: What did it do: Year: What did it do: Name: Team: Commemorative Stamps Reconstruction Amendments Directions: You have been asked by the U.S. Postal Service to design three stamps to help commemorate (remember) the Reconstruction Amendments. Draw an image for each Amendment that shows you understand what it changed about the Constitution.
13. How much do you remember?
14. 1. The 13th Amendment __________. a. bans slavery in the United States and any of its territories b. allows slaves to vote c. allows women to vote d. grants citizenship to all former slaves
15. 2. Which Amendment gave all male citizens the right to vote, regardless of race? a. 4th Amendment b. 5th Amendment c. 13th Amendment d. 15th Amendment
16. 3. Which Amendment granted citizenship to all persons born in the United States? a. 5th Amendment b. 13th Amendment c. 14th Amendment d. 15th Amendment
18. Reconstruction Policies & Problems
19. Identifying 1. African Americans; 2. some Southern whites, such as business leaders and non-slaveholding farmers; scalawags 3. carpetbaggers from the North Making Inferences They wore sheets to hide their identities while they committed acts of violence. Describing Most could not buy land. Instead, they became sharecroppers but made little, if any, profit.
20. 1. Most Southern whites viewed scalawags as traitors and carpetbaggers as dishonest. The term scalawag means scoundrel or worthless rascal. Both terms have negative connotations. 2. Many were probably fearful that if they testified, they might become victims of the Klans violence themselves. Others may have supported the Klans actions.
21. Reconstruction Policies & Problems Policies Southern military leaders could not hold office. Northern soldiers supervised the South. Enforce amendments & Civil Rights Act of1866 African Americans were able to hold public office. Confederate Gen. Wade Hampton
22. Policy: African Americans were able to hold public office.
23. Policy: Federal soldiers/troops supervised the South. Enforce amendments and Civil Rights Act of 1866
24. Reconstruction Problems Southerners resented northern carpetbaggers, who took advantage of the South during reconstruction. Freed slaves struggled for equality even though they were free.
25. Reconstruction Problem Freedmens Bureau created to help freed slaves with land, housing, jobs, food, and education Violence towards African Am. and Bureau agents. Adopt Black Codes to limit freedoms of African Am. Policy
26. Policy: Freedmans Bureau, established to aid former slaves enslaved African Americans in South Freedmans Bureau giving out food Freedmens Bureau School Freedmens Bureau negotiated labor contracts for newly freed African Americans Freedmens Bureau assigned farm and to newly freed African Americans Etc., Etc., Etc.
27. A major step towards equality African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866. The Civil Rights Act of 1866 authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement.
28. Policy: Civil Rights Act of 1866 African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement Without enforcement there would have been no obedience
29. What do you think? What policies do you think would have caused the South to be unhappy? What policies do you think would have caused the South to be happy? What changes in policy would you have made to reunite the North and South? *Dissatisfaction means to be unhappy with someone or something.
30. Reconstruction - Amendments Put together by Michelle Ratliff for Fairfax County Public Schools / 2010 Sources are sited on each slide in the notes section This PowerPoint has been created for use by Fairfax County Public School Teachers
31. Homework & Announcements * Take out your planner! No homework tonight
32. A Bureau agent stands between armed groups of Southern whites and Freedmen in this 1868 picture from Harper's Weekly.
34. Problem: Southerners resented northern carpetbaggers, who moved South after the war to take advantage of the South during Reconstruction. Some of these men became business men, and some became political leaders in Southern States Another group hated by many Southern Whites were the Scalawags. They were Southern Whites who were in favor of Reconstruction policies and actions of the United States government.
35. A cartoon threatening that the KKK would lynch carpetbaggers, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, Independent Monitor, 1868.