JAMES BUCHANAN DEMOCRAT JOHN PATHFINDER FREEMONT REPUBLICAN MILLARD FILLMORE KNOW NOTHING PARTY

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Slide 2 Slide 3 JAMES BUCHANAN DEMOCRAT JOHN PATHFINDER FREEMONT REPUBLICAN MILLARD FILLMORE KNOW NOTHING PARTY Slide 4 BUCHANAN DEMOCRAT FREMONT REPUBLICAN FILLMORE KNOW NOTHING Slide 5 ABOUT BUCHANAN DOUGHFACE PATRIOTIC, CONSIENTIOUS, CONSERVATIVE MANY DISLIKE HIM PRO-SOUTHERN FROM PA Slide 6 DRED SCOTT V. SANFORDSCOTT IS A SLAVE LIVED IN ILLINOIS (5 YEARS IN WISCONSON) NO SLAVERY PERMITTED IN THE NORTH SO HE SUES FOR HIS FREEDOM CASE GETS TO THE SUPREME COURT CHEIF JUSTICE TANEY SCOTT LOSES 7-2 HE IS NOT A CITIZEN A SLAVE IS STILL A SLAVE IN A FREE STATE MISSOURI COMPROMISE IS UNCONSTITUTIONAL Slide 7 FEAR THAT SLAVERY COULD NOW BE PERMITTED IN NORTHERN STATES FREE BLACKS WORRY DESTROYS & VOIDS ALL OTHER COMPROMISES! SPLIT THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY (NORTH & SOUTH) DECISION SUPPORTED BY BUCHANAN APPEARS TO MAKE SLAVERY CONSTITUTIONAL! Slide 8 Slide 9 LINCOLN & DOUGLAS ARE RUNNING FOR SENATE IN 1856 (ILLINOIS) A SERIES OF 7 DEBATES BOTH APPEAR VERY DIFFERENT Slide 10 DOUGLAS SUPPORTS POPULAR SOVEREIGNITY LINCOLN TRICKS HIM INTO SAYING HE IS AGAINST THE DRED SCOTT DECISION DOUGLAS WINS ELECTION, BUT REPUTATION IS HURT LINCOLN GETS NATIONAL ATTENTION HOUSE DIVIDE STRUG Slide 11 BROWN WANTS TO START A SLAVE REVOLT ATTACKS FEDERAL ARSENAL AT HARPERS FERRY FEDERAL TROOPS SURROUND ARSENAL BROWN CAPTURED BROWN IS TRIED & HANGED BROWN BECOMES A MARTYR SOUTH FEARS SLAVE REBELLIONS JOHN BROWN BLOOD Slide 12 DOUGLAS NORTHERN DEMOCRATE POPULAR SOV BRECKINRIDGE SOUTHERN DEMOCRAT ADD CUBA EXPAND SLAVERY BELL CONSTITUTIONAL UNION PARTY LINCOLN REPUBLICAN STOP EXPANSION OF SLAVERY Slide 13 Slide 14 Slide 15 HAD THREATENED TO LEAVE IF LINCOLN WAS ELECTED (5-4) IN SUPREME SOURT, CONTROLED SENATE, AMENDMENT NEED TO ABOLISH SLAVERY) STILL SAW LINCOLN AS A THREAT! SECEDE: TO LEAVE OR WITHDRAW FROM THE UNION Slide 16 SOUTH CAROLINA FIRST TO LEAVE DECEMBER 20, 1860 SIX OTHRES BY FEBRUARY 1861 (MISS. /FLA./ALA. /GA./LA./TEX) SOON LATER ARK. /TENN./VA./NC. Slide 17 FEBRUARY 1861 A CONSTITUTION SIMILAR TO THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION IS DRAFTED IN MONTGUMERY ALABAMA CREATING THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA JEFFERSON DAVIS ELECTED PRESIDENT RICHMOND = CAPITAL Slide 18 BUCHANAN DOES NOTHING CRITTENDEN COMPROMISE APPEASE SOUTH? LINCOLN SAYS NO! LET STATES GO PEACEFULLY OR? NO Slide 19 FEBRUARY 1861 LINCOLN ENTERS WASHINGTON IN SECRET ADDRESS: UPHOLD LAW, UPHOLD THE UNION, PLEDGES NOT TO INTERFERE WITH SLAVERY, BLAMES THE SOUTH FOR PROBLEMS SP Slide 20 APRIL 1861 CHARLESTOWN SC UNION FORT SC ATTACKS! Slide 21 36 HOURS OF BOMBARDMENT ANDERSON SURRENDERS MORE STATES SECEDE LINCOLN CALLS FOR VOLUNTEERS & BLAMES THE SOUTH