Is The Bible Reliable Scientifically? Dr. Heinz Lycklama

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Is The Bible Reliable Scientifically? Dr. Heinz Lycklama Slide 2 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 2 Is The Bible Reliable Scientifically? Scientific Statements in the Bible Accurate? Reliability of the Bible Established By: Prophecy, history, geography, archaeology Laws of Science and the Bible Scientific Statements/Anticipation in the Bible Astronomy, geophysics, geology, hydrology Meteorology, oceanography, physics, biology Alleged Scientific Errors in the Bible Scientific Disciplines Established By Bible-believing Scientists Conclusions Slide 3 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 3 To Begin the Discussion In 1903, a British philosopher, Herbert Spencer, made a profound scientific statement:Everything in the universe can be explained by five basic things - space, matter, time, force, and action. Spencer, an evolutionist, was a contemporary of Charles Darwin, the British scientist credited with popularizing the concept of evolution. He (Spencer) was given a prestigious award by the British Science Society at the time. This was considered to be a major contribution to science. And it is, until you realize that Slide 4 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 4 What Does The 1 st Bible Verse Say? Moses, under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, wrote in Gen. 1:1, In the beginning (time) God (force) created (action) the heavens (space) and the earth (matter). What makes this even more remarkable is the fact that Moses was educated in the tradition of the Egyptians. They believed that only the ocean existed at first. An egg/flower appeared and the sun god was born. The sun god had four children, of whom one was Geb (the earth). They believed that the earth was a flat disk afloat on the river of the ocean. None of this mythology of the time was included in the book of Genesis. Slide 5 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 5 Some Common Misconceptions Skeptics and unbelievers think: The Bible is an antiquated religious book, filled with scientific fallacies and mistakes reflecting the nave cosmology of the primitive tribes of the Near East. Even some professing Christians think: The Bible is a book of true religion dealing solely with spiritual subjects and that, where it seems to touch on matters of science and history, it must be interpreted spiritually or allegorically, rather than literally. Evolution is Science Creation is Religion Slide 6 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 6 Can I Believe The Bible? Ps. 103:12, as far as the east is from the west, so far does he remove our transgressions from us. The psalmist used the words East/West not North/South When one travels west, one always goes west and never gets to the east When one travels south, eventually one reaches the South Pole and goes north These concepts are only true if the earth is round! How could the author have known this? Slide 7 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 7 Believing The Bible There are many evidences for the existence of God and the truth of the Bible However, for someone committed to naturalism, no amount of evidence will do Apologetics is not for proving the Word of God but simply for providing a basis for faith (Josh McDowell) 1 Peter 3:15, and always be ready to give a defense to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is in you, with meekness and fear. True faith satisfies both the heart and the intellect (mind) Slide 8 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 8 Arguments for Gods Existence The Cosmological Argument everything has a cause; God is the initial First Cause The Moral Argument our sense of moral values points to the existence of a moral Creator The Teleological Argument evidence of design and purpose in the world point to intelligent creator, as a watch indicates a watchmaker The Ontological Argument the concept of God as the greatest conceivable and necessary Being Note that neither the Bible nor Jesus try to prove the existence of God - they assume it Slide 9 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 9 The Creation Shows God Rom. 1:20, Because what may be known of God is manifest in them, for God has shown it to them. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse. Knowing that there must be God obliges us to seek Him Slide 10 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 10 The Reliability of the Bible Strong Manuscript evidence More ancient manuscripts than any other historical book. New Testament Confirmed by secular historians Josephus (before 100 AD), Roman Tacitus (120 AD), Roman Governer Pliny (110 AD) Archaeological evidence Countless finds of Old and New Testament cities, sites and relics Prophecy Several hundred fulfilled prophesies including the time of Christs ministry, his birthplace, and method of death. Destruction of Babylon by Cyrus, Progression of Kingdoms from Babylon through Medo-Persian Empire, the Greek Empire and the Roman Empire, suffering of Jews under Antiochus IV Epiphanes, Freedom for Jews under Judas Maccabeus and Israels rebirth as a nation in 1948 Slide 11 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 11 Arguments To Support The Bible Unparalleled reliability and accuracy of the historical text of the Bible Confirmation of the events, places, nations, and people of the Bible by archaeology It is unique in many ways (written over 1,500 year span, over 40 authors maintaining harmony and continuity, survival through time, influence on society, unique teachings, etc.) Fulfilled prophecy Slide 12 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 12 The Manuscript Evidence When compared against classical literature, the historical reliability of the Bible is outstanding Number of manuscripts: NT 24,000; Iliad by Homer 643 Time between when written and earliest copy: NT 25 years; Iliad 500 years OT accuracy verified by the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Ebla Tablets Slide 13 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 13 Its A Matter of the Heart Einstein said Science without religion is lame; religion without science is blind. Romans 1:20, For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse. Psalm 139:13-16, For You formed my inward parts; You covered me in my mother's womb. I will praise You, for I am fearfully and wonderfully made; Marvelous are Your works, And that my soul knows very well. John 3:16, For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. Slide 14 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 14 What is The Absolute Truth? Slide 15 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 15 Be Sure of Your Facts There are no historical or scientific errors in the Bible There are no scientific errors because God cannot lie We believe in the full, verbal inspiration, inerrancy and infallibility of the Holy Scriptures The Bible is written in everyday language Bible writers used the language of appearance, e.g. sunrise, sunset, dew When the sun rises would you say my what a beautiful earth rotation? Slide 16 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 16 Be Sure of Your Facts - 2 Science has never disproved any statement in the Bible, but it has proven and demonstrated the truth of hundreds of things which the Bible anticipated, e.g. Gen. 1:1 space, matter, time, force, action Ps. 103:12 as far as the east is from the west We must be sure of Our scriptural facts, Our scientific facts, and What we heard Slide 17 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 18 Scientific Facts Dan. 12:4, But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase. An explosion of knowledge in the last days 90% of all scientists are living today Increased knowledge > 100K scientific periodicals, many specialties > 2000 words per minute are being added Earth satellites collect 10^12 bits of data per day No one can claim to be an authority in general Slide 19 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 19 Scientific Facts - 2 Much new knowledge obsoletes old knowledge Scientists or liberals may try to harmonize teachings of Genesis with contemporary science What if we updated the Bible in accordance with the latest scientific theories and discoveries? The Bible is constant Science changes theories based on observed events or facts Slide 20 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 20 What Did We Hear? Communication, especially miscommunication, can lead to misperceptions Story of the cake decorator: Bride told her to put the words of 1 John 4:18 There is no fear in love on cake Decorator heard John 4:18 and put these words on cake you have had five husbands Slide 21 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 21 Should We Change The Bible To Agree With Science? Slide 22 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 22 Laws of Science and The Bible Law of biogenesis life comes only from life 1 st Law of Thermodynamics the law of conservation of mass / energy (E = mc 2 ) 2 nd Law of Thermodynamics the law of entropy, (in a closed or open system): Spontaneous processes lead to a decrease in order Energy moves to a lower potential, becoming less available to do work Things move in a direction from order to chaos Law of Cause and Effect every effect must have a cause. The effect cannot be greater, in size or in kind, than the cause Gen. 1 Gen. 2:1-3 Rom. 8:22 Gen. 1:1 Slide 23 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 23 Law of Biogenesis Life comes only from preexisting life Experiments run over two centuries Louis Pasteur, Redi, Spellanzani Spontaneous origin of life impossible: Millers experiment made wrong assumptions about early earths environment Organic molecules oxidized by oxygen Probability of protein formation by chance is less than 1 in 10**130, i.e. ZERO/ZIP/NONE Simple cell requires 100s of protein molecules in a specific order Slide 24 @ Dr. Heinz Lycklama 24 1 st Law of Thermodynamics Gen. 2:2-3, on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done. in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made. Neh. 9:6,.. You have made heaven, The heaven of heavens, with all th


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