iPhone and iPad Photography

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  • ABZ41 2014 PRINTED IN THE UK 9.99

    How to edit

    your images

    on an iPad

    plus

    MacForm

    at.comM

    ake more of the w

    orlds most popular cam

    eraiP

    hone & iP

    ad Photography

    Create stunning effects using Photoshop Touch

    Give photos the vintage look its quick and easy!

    Get to know the camera apps that better Apples own

    Amazing results every time well show you how

    You can take

    super shots!

    DONT MISS...

    Pro User Series

    PhotographyiPhone & iPad

    Make more of the worlds most popular camera

  • 4 |

    From dramatic landscapes to perfect portraits, iOS photography can be simple yet creative. Find out how to set up your shots then improve on them with great effects

    20 Explore Camera+24 Using Camera Awesome26 A guide to ProCam29 Location aware pics with Blux30 Get to know Huemore32 How to shoot great panoramas38 Shoot nighttime photos39 Gesture-driven camera shots41 The best possible group shot

    88 Apply vintage effects96 Shoot better HDR photos100 Clone colour between pics102 Make fake miniature shots104 Copy yourself with Clone106 Get the grunge look108 Instant-camera magic!110 Create vignette effects112 Amazing photo FX116 Paint effects using Painterly118 Sketch effects with My Sketch120 Star in your own comics122 Create graffiti effects125 Add stylish text to photos126 Frame your photographs128 Make photo posters130 Mimic wet-plate photography132 Make a movie from stills

    136 Easy ways to share photos138 Create a photo journal140 Create your own cards142 Share your photos online144 Print from your iOS device

    Shoot Create

    Share

    Your iOS device is capable of taking great photos, but its best to have a few skills up your sleeve before you start snapping

    44 Save images from a camera48 Master iPhoto56 Edit with Photoshop Touch62 A guide to Luminance64 Gestural edits with Snapseed66 Get to know Handy Photo68 Create flattering portraits70 Boost your landscapes72 Fix boring skies, fast!74 Remove unwanted objects76 Balance your colours78 Fake depth of field80 Repair old photographs82 Black and white skills

    EditYouve captured the moment but things could be better thats OK, there are countless apps to enhance your pics

    Dont let stunning shots sit around on your iPad or iPhone, share them online or create unique cards and journals

    Take things a little further by experimenting with a range of creative effects its easier than you might think

    Contents

  • | 5

  • 32 |

    Shoot | Panoramas

    Use the iOS Camera app to take great shots, or go beyond it for more ambitious scenes and photos you can step into

    How to shoot great panoramas

  • | 33

    Panoramas | Shoot

    While any picture can indeed speak a thousand words, a regular snapshot of a great piece of scenery tends to

    make a few of those words I really wish Id had a wide-angle lens. Sweeping vistas, towering mountains, sunny beaches and holiday destinations cry out for a photo that sucks all their beauty into one picture

    Whichever tool you use, the rules of taking a good panorama are the same.

    Theyre made by having your iOS device take lots of individual pictures and stitch them together into one, which means the more consistent the lighting and the steadier your hand, the better the result. The ideal panoramic subject is also as still as possible, to avoid people wandering past causing confusion in the stitching process by appearing multiple times. As with all photography, but particularly smartphones/tablets, a sunny day is your best friend, and for

    night shooting you should invest in at least a mini-tripod to give your snap the best chance.

    Finally, while the type of scenery that benefits most from a panoramic shot means this usually goes without saying, you also want to be as far back as possible where the detail is still good, ensuring that the lens can focus to infinity and keep a large area of the image equally crisp rather than trying to pick out individual features.

    Pic: iStockphoto

  • 56 |

    Edit | Photoshop Touch

    Edit with Photoshop TouchWho says the iPad cant handle advanced photo editing?

    visual guide | GETTinG sTarTEd wiTh PhoToshoP Touch

    File Menu1 Of course, it loads files. What makes Photoshop Touch special, though, is

    that being a layer-based editor, youre not restricted to just files. In most cases, youll be bringing in and combining multiple images for your compositions. Access it all from here.

    Adjustments2 This panel contains tools designed to work across a whole image or layer,

    many crucial for photographic work. Its where you go to adjust brightness levels, to pull detail out of shadows and highlights, to reduce noise in an image, and to use the ever-present Auto-Fix.

    Effects3 These work much like Adjustments, but are designed to radically affect

    the image. Under Basic, youll find stalwarts like Gaussian Blur and Drop Shadow, with the Stylise, Artistic and Photo categories featuring more dramatic effects such as halftone patterns and creating the illusion of a pencil sketch.

    Composition4 Behind this icon are tools for playing with your layers, including warping,

    fading out, adding a picture straight from the camera, and Lens Flare a button that its joked everyone gets to use once, and only once. There are also options here for cropping, rotating and resizing the image as a whole.

    Tools5 Speaking of Tools, heres where youll find them. Photoshop Touch includes

    more than are immediately obvious, with alternatives popping out if you tap and hold one; Blur, for instance, is partnered with Smudge, while the Clone Brush sits next to the Healing Brush.

    Layer Menu6 Heres where the magic happens. You can create new layers, reorder them,

    and alter their opacities and blending modes to turn a collection of unrelated elements into one coherent whole.

    Touchs interface may look complex at first, but its all very logical

    Its a full studio, able to handle everything from building an image up over multiple layers to applying special effects

    while Photoshop Touch (6.99 / $9.99) isnt even in the same sport as its desktop cousins, never mind the same

    league, its hands-down one of the best image editing tools on the iPad. unlike many other apps, such as apples iPhoto, its not restricted to simply polishing up your photos. its a full studio, handling everything from building an image over multiple layers to applying special effects, all with a simple interface that makes even normally complex tasks such as separating

    a subject from the background a million times easier.

    if you have a creative cloud account, Photoshop Touch can access it. alternatively, it can pull local photos, access your Facebook account, take shots within the interface, and even search Google for images that should be okay to use though dont take that on faith if your work is intended for public viewing. whatever youre using though, you can get great results. over the next few pages, well take a look at a few of its features.

    SKILL LEVELTaking things further

    IT WILL TAKE40 minutes

    YOULL NEEDiPhone/iPad,

    Photoshop Touch

    1 2 3

    5

    6

    4

  • | 57

    Photoshop Touch | Edit

    1 What are they?The building blocks of any composition. Layers can hold imported pictures, text and brush-strokes, with each treated as its own thing in terms of effects. Theyre much more primitive than in most desktop editors though, with no masks (though you can erase parts to reveal whats underneath), the Clone Brush only working on its source layer, and no adjustment layers available to increase brightness, contrast or other settings on everything underneath.

    4 Fade to whiteNext, we go to the & symbol and add a fade. This gives us a line that determines where the fade starts and where it ends. Radial gradients are available, but for this one, a linear one will be fine. We need to avoid including the buildings, but also not to make the blue too overpowering, so everything is to some extent caught in the fade on this picture. When were done, therell be just enough blue that nobody will look too closely at it.

    2 Creating layersEvery Photoshop Touch project has at least one layer, be it a blank or an imported picture. You can have twenty more, though its best to use as few as possible. To add or duplicate them, tap the + in the bottom right. To delete or merge them, tap the two squares. The merge button has an arrow, the delete button is a rubbish bin. From here you can also lower their opacity and choose a blending mode, as discussed overleaf.

    5 EraseBecause the new sky is overlaid on the previous image, its obscuring the details. Easily fixed. Choose the Eraser brush and drag the sliders to make it reasonably large, but very soft. Sometimes lowering the opacity makes for a smoother edit, but in this case we dont need it. The key is that the edges should remain soft so they dont give away the effect. The biggest tell here will be a white corona around the subject if we erase too much blue sky.

    3 Touching the skyHeres a simple example of what you can do with layers. This is a decent picture, but the sky is blown out. Luckily, we have plenty of others with good blue skies in this case, were using one from Iceland. We import both, then use the arrow icon at the top to resize the Iceland picture so that the sky is big enough to fill the space. This can be tweaked later if its not quite big enough, or the ground slightly encroaches on it.

    6 Finishing offPaint in small strokes so that a tap on the Undo button in the bottom left wont get rid of too much of your work. To finish off, open the sky layers opacity and lower it a touch. As pretty as a bright blue sky is, the strong haze will give away that its a fake. Here, around 70% makes the sky look better without immediately triggering mental alarm bells. The best edits are the ones that nobody notices you made, and its very easy to go too far.

    HOW TO | usE LaYErs

  • 96 |

    create | HDR photos

    1

    2

    3

    5

    6

    4

    The Gallery1 Swipe from the left and you access vividHDRs Gallery. This contains previous images youve

    taken, and enables you to send them on to other services, such as email, your Camera Roll and Flickr. Mode types are also displayed for saved images.

    Mode selector2 At the bottom-left of the standard window is the mode selector, which cycles between the

    four options within vividHDR. If youre unsure what to select for any given scene, use Custom; you then get to choose after youve taken your photo.

    Geo-tagging

    3 By default, vividHDR doesnt geo-tag photos, but turning this option on in the settings embeds location data in the usual manner. Data can be seen in-app go to the Gallery and tap the info button at the top left to view the photos details.

    Automatic previews4 This is all about speed. Turn it off and your photos are saved once vividHDR has finished

    generating them. This makes it easier to take photos in relatively quick succession. If you use Custom Mode, a preview is always provided.

    Auto-save5 By default, vividHDR only saves photos when you tell it to. However, like many iOS camera

    apps, it includes an option to save vanilla images to the Camera Roll. This slows things down but is recommended, because you then have a reference shot for each image.

    Sharing6 By using the sharing button, you get access to three sign-in options: Facebook, Flickr and

    Dropbox. The last of those is useful for providing extra, storage for your photos. Sharing is also available in the Gallery, which adds an email.

    How to find your way around the main interface and manage your photos

    Shoot better HDR photosAdd greater dynamic range to your iPhone snaps

    visual guide | ExploRing viviDHDR

    The idea behind HDR is to take several shots at different exposure levels and combine them into one

    ost cameras take photographs at one fixed exposure level. Under perfect conditions this is fine, but if

    with a bright sky or dark surroundings, resulting photographs can be poor: use a dark area for your exposure level and skies can be blown out; use the sky, and everything else becomes a silhouette.

    The idea behind High Dynamic Range imaging (HDR) is to take several shots at different exposure levels and then

    intelligently combine them into one. The finished composite has greater dynamic range than any individual shot that the camera could produce.

    Although Apples own Camera app has an HDR setting, its merely okay; third-party apps offer a greater degree of control. Here, weve used two: vividHDR (1.49 / $1.99) is faster, and provides three useful presets; pro HDR (1.49 / $1.99) is slower but its better for fine-tuning, and it can also post-process an HDR effect onto existing images.

    SKILL LEVELCould be tricky

    IT WILL TAKE10 minutes

    YOULL NEEDiphone, vividHDR or

    pro HDR

    M

  • | 97

    HDR photos | create

    1 Set things upBefore you take any photos, swipe in from the right to access the Settings bar. From top to bottom, the buttons activate geo-tagging, the on-screen grid, auto-preview, saving the standard shot to the Camera Roll, and activating social/sharing services. Options that are turned on are displayed in blue. At the very least, its a good idea to turn on the grid, to help you compose photos (using the rule of thirds) and line things up more accurately.

    4 Use other modesTry using the other modes to take some pictures. The Lively option fills in more shadows and ramps up contrast, colour and saturation a little. Skies can look dramatic with this mode, but the photo still feels realistic overall. The Dramatic option takes things a lot further and is best reserved for more artistic shots. On changing modes, vividHDR will provide a quick overview of what each one does. If youre unsure about which to use, select Custom.

    2 Take a photoWhen youre done, slide the Settings to the right. Youll then be in vividHDRs main window. From the mode selector, choose the Natural setting for now its the least aggressive HDR effect of the three included. Hold your device in landscape or portrait and then tap the on-screen shutter button (vividHDR doesnt work with the volume up button). The app will take three photos at various exposure levels; hold your iPhone very still.

    5 Take your photoAgain, your HDR image should be generated within just a few seconds, and you can use the slider to compare the original with the HDR version. However, on using the Custom option, you also get a second slider beneath the photo, providing the means to adjust the HDR mode thats used. Drag the switch between Natural, Lively and Dramatic and your photo will be updated, which takes a few seconds each time be patient!

    3 Compare your imagesYour image will be generated within seconds, and you can compare the original and HDR version on a preview screen drag the slider left and right to do so. If unhappy with the HDR image, tap the trashcan to delete it; otherwise, tap the close button to save it to the Gallery. Access the Gallery by swiping in from the left screen edge. Within, tap the button at the top-right to save any image to your Camera Roll. Snaps are also saved in a vividHDR album.

    6 Select your effectWhen youve settled on your favourite mode, tap the close button to save your image to the Gallery. Its often tempting to go for Dramatic, with its vibrant colours and deep shadows, but thats not always the most appropriate choice. Pick carefully, because you dont get the option to change the mode post-save; but if youre auto-saving standard shots to your iPhone as well as HDR ones, other apps can be used to post-process them into HDR shots.

    HOW TO | TAkE vibRAnT pHoToS wiTH viviDHDR

  • 126 |

    create | Multi-photo frames

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    4

    Frame your photographsCombine favourite pictures in beautiful frames that you can share

    visual guide | Find your way around PicFraMe

    Canvas size1 Although the iPad is small, its screen is quite high-res, and

    PicFrame can output at a resolution about 50 per cent larger than the iPads. On that basis, try to use reasonably high-quality photos throughout, especially if you intend to print them.

    Lock switch2 When in the Adjust tab, a subtle padlock icon appears

    at the top-right of the screen. This is designed to stop you dragging the areas between photos, which resizes the respective frames. (Should you want to do this, you can just unlock the padlock!)

    Photo menu3 Tap on a photo slot to access its menu, enabling you to add

    a new image from your Camera Roll or through taking a new photo with your devices camera. It also provides access to ways to amend your photos and also a remove option; beware theres no undo!

    Shape button4 By default, all of the photo slots are square or

    rectangular. Tap a photo and select Shape from the menu and you can change the picture slot to a circle, triangle or another pre-defined shape. Generally, these work best if the slot was originally square.

    PicFrame is very simple to use, so heres what to expect to find on screen

    PicFrame dispenses with the sticky of tape and replaces everything with elegance and fun

    we remember sitting there years ago, armed with a dozen photos, one of those frames with a dozen cut-out

    slots, and a steely determination. despite our very best efforts and quite a lot of strategically placed sticky tape, things never seemed to go to plan. Somehow, at least one photo would sneakily slip out of alignment at the last second, and another would disappear entirely before the frame was back on The thing is, when multi-photo frames go right, they

    can be beautiful, telling the story of a life, or providing an overview of a wonderful adventure. when they go wrong, you just want to give up.

    PicFrame (69p / 99) dispenses with the sticky tape, removes the need for steely determination, and replaces everything with elegance and fun. you import images from your camera roll or Photo Stream and can choose from dozens of frames, background patterns and effects. its a fairly simple app, but its one that enables you to create some truly stunning results.

    SKILL LEVELanyone can do it

    IT WILL TAKE15 minutes

    YOULL NEEDiPhone/iPad,

    PicFrame

    5 You define your original layout using the Frames menu, and you can also use it during edits to change the layout. Additionally, if youre done with a design but want to use the same set-up for different photos, tap Frames and then Clear (top left).

    6 Unlike traditional image editing apps, PicFrame shows elements in context. This means youll only see labels when the Labels button is active (or when you tap Share); so when in Style or Adjust, dont fret when your labels appear to vanish!

    Frames menu

    Visible labels

  • | 127

    Multi-photo frames | create

    1 Set things upFirst, choose a frame set from the many on offer (swipe left and right to access other sets). You can amend the frame set later on, although its best to settle before you do a lot of work. At the top-right of the Select a Frame screen is a format option, enabling you to pick a ratio. Those with square photo slots work best if you want to change some of them to one of the built-in presets thats not straight-edged. Otherwise, a rectangle looks good on-screen.

    4 Fine-tune your photosFor each photo in turn, adjust its position and zoom level by single-finger dragging and two-finger pinching. If you wish to flip or rotate a photo, tap it, select Rotate/Mirror and then tap the relevant button. You can also add effects to your photos. Tap one, select Effects, and then choose from the menu. Effects are non-destructive, and so if you later decide to remove them or switch one for something else, you can just choose a different option from the menu.

    2 Add your photosTap a frame to access its menu. Tap Camera Roll to access the standard iOS Photos menu. Select a photo and tap Done to load it into the frame. Its also possible to load multiple images at once do so by selecting several in the Photos menu prior to tapping Done. If photos load into the wrong frames, they can be swapped. Tap and hold to pick up a photo and drag it to a different frame. Wait a second or two and the photos will be switched round.

    5 Create some labelsTap the Labels button and then somewhere on the screen to add a label. Type some text and hit Return. Move/rotate the label using drag/pinch gestures. To change the labels visual appearance, tap it and tap Style. Presets can be used as a starting point. Using the Label and Text tabs, adjust the text and background colours; ensure theres enough contrast for the text to remain readable. Use the Font menu to change the labels typeface and the texts size.

    3 Adjust the frameSelect the Style button from the toolbar and you can adjust the width between photos, and the colour or pattern of the background. Changing the width moves your photos, so this step should be done before carefully zooming and moving them around. (Its less of a problem if your frame only has a couple of images, obviously.) Select the Adjust toolbar button, tap Options and you can then also add rounded corners and a drop shadow to your photos.

    6 Save and shareOnce youre happy with your frame, tap Save and it will be added to your Camera Roll, using the resolution defined via the slider at the bottom of the dialogue. We recommend setting that to its maximum value you can always use an app to make your work smaller later, but increasing the size of smaller images always reduces quality. There are also social networking options (Facebook, Tumblr, Twitter, and so on); those benefit from a smaller resolution setting.

    HOW TO | creaTe a MulTiPle-PhoTo FraMe

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