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  • International Hydrological ProgrammeInternational Hydrological Programme

    Management of Mountain Watersheds Management of Mountain Watersheds TwentyTwenty--sixth Session of the Working Party sixth Session of the Working Party

    on the Management of Mountain Watershedson the Management of Mountain Watersheds

    Professor Shahbaz KhanProfessor Shahbaz Khan Chief, Sustainable Water Resources Development and Management SeChief, Sustainable Water Resources Development and Management Sectionction

    UNESCO, ParisUNESCO, Paris

  • DivisionDivision of Water Sciencesof Water Sciences

    International Hydrological Programme

    Intergovernmental programme

    World Water Assessment programme

    Inter agency programme led by

    UNESCO

    UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water

    Education

    17 water 17 water related related centerscenters

    under the under the auspices auspices

    of UNESCOof UNESCO

  • International Hydrological ProgrammeInternational Hydrological Programme

    The only global intergovernmental scientific programme The only global intergovernmental scientific programme on water resources of the UN systemon water resources of the UN system

    * Created in 1975 after the International Hydrological Decade* Created in 1975 after the International Hydrological Decade

    * Member States define needs and plans of phases* Member States define needs and plans of phases

    * * Growing emphasis on management and social aspectsGrowing emphasis on management and social aspects

    * * Executed by Member States (there are 164 IHP National Executed by Member States (there are 164 IHP National Committees) and other partners; UNESCO provides seed Committees) and other partners; UNESCO provides seed moneymoney

  • 19651965--1974 1974 IHD:IHD: Experimental BasinsExperimental Basins World Catalog of Very Large FloodsWorld Catalog of Very Large Floods World Water Balance & WR of the EarthWorld Water Balance & WR of the Earth

    19751975--1980 IHP1980 IHP--II

    19811981--1983 IHP1983 IHP--IIII

    19841984--1989 IHP1989 IHP-- IIIIII

    19901990--1995 IHP1995 IHP-- IV Hydrology and Water Resources for IV Hydrology and Water Resources for Sustainable DevelopmentSustainable Development

    19961996--2001 IHP2001 IHP--V Hydrology and Water Resources under V Hydrology and Water Resources under Vulnerable EnvironmentVulnerable Environment

    20022002--2007 IHP2007 IHP--VI Water Interactions: VI Water Interactions: Systems at Risk and Social ChallengesSystems at Risk and Social Challenges

    IHP PhasesIHP Phases

  • MDG 7 Ensure environmental sustainability

    Target 10 : Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic

    sanitation

    UN International Decade ‘Water for Life’ Develop the means to assure water for drinking, water for

    sanitation, water for biodiversity and water for food production and to contribute to the MDG’s’

    UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development Thematic Programme 8: Education for Sustainable Water

    Management

  • New Global Water ThinkingNew Global Water Thinking DEPENDENCIESDEPENDENCIES

    SOCIETALSOCIETAL RESPONSESRESPONSES

    STRESSSTRESS

    Water Cycle

    GovernancePoverty

    Ecosystems at risk

    Social Challenges

  • IHPIHP--VIIVII (2008(2008--2013)2013) Water Dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal ResponsesWater Dependencies: Systems under Stress and Societal Responses

    Cross - cutting Programmes

    HELP / FRIEND

    THEME IV:THEME IV: Water and Life Support SystemsWater and Life Support Systems

    THEME III:THEME III: Ecohydrology for Ecohydrology for

    SustainabilitySustainability

    THEME II:THEME II: Strengthening Water Strengthening Water

    Governance for SustainabilityGovernance for Sustainability

    THEME I:THEME I: Adapting to the impacts of global Adapting to the impacts of global

    changes on river basins and aquifer changes on river basins and aquifer systemssystems

    Hydrological Research

    Water Resources Management

    IHP - VII New Initiatives:

    UWMP Others

    IHP VI Initiatives PC - CP

    ISI IFI

    ICHARM G - WADI

    IAHS - PUB

    THEME V:THEME V: Water Education for Water Education for

    Sustainable Development Sustainable Development

    Education, Transfer of knowledge, Capacity building

  • IHP-VII THEME I Adapting to the impacts of global changes on river basins and aquifer systems

    Objective: New research programmes to achieve improved definition of water dependencies in the face of continuing global changes, climate changes impacts, assess particularly stressed areas.

    Focal Area I-1: Global changes and feedback mechanisms in hydrological processes in stressed systems.

    Focal Area I-2: Climate change impacts on the hydrological cycle and consequent impact on water resources.

    Focal Area I-3: Hydro-hazards, hydrological extremes and water-related disasters.

    Focal Area I-4: Managing groundwater systems’ response to global changes.

    Focal Area I-5: Global change and climate variability in arid and semi-arid regions

  • IHP-VII THEME II Strengthening Water Governance for Sustainability

    Objective: Develop scientific methodologies, tools and recommendations to strengthen good governance and wise stewardship of the resources.

    Focal Area II-1: Cultural, societal and scientific responses to the crises in water governance.

    Focal Area II-2: Capacity development for improved governance; enhanced legislation for wise stewardship of water resources.

    Focal Area II-3: Governance strategies that enhance affordability and assure financing.

    Focal Area II-4: Managing water as a shared responsibility across geographical & social boundaries.

    Focal Area II-5: Addressing the water-energy nexus in basin wide water resources.

  • IHP-VII THEME III Ecohydrology for Sustainability

    Objective: Enhance the designation of water both as an abiotic resource and as a service, delivered by ecosystem processes; identify, quantify and improve the critical linkages for environmental sustainability.

    Focal Area III-1: Ecological measures to protect and remediate catchments process.

    Focal Area III-2: Improving ecosystem quality and services by combining structural solutions with ecological biotechnologies.

    Focal Area III-3: Risk-based environmental management and accounting.

    Focal Area III-4: Groundwater-dependent ecosystems identification, inventory and assessment.

  • IHP-VII THEME IV Water and Life Support Systems

    Objective: Improve understanding of the distribution of abiotic and biotic pollutants in the water cycle and their impact on human heath; access to water for long term food security – UN MDGs.

    Focal Area IV-1: Protecting water quality for sustainable livelihoods and poverty alleviation.

    Focal Area IV-2: Augmenting scarce water resources, especially in SIDS.

    Focal Area IV-3: Achieving sustainable urban water management.

    Focal Area IV-4: Achieving sustainable rural water management.

  • IHP-VII THEME V Water Education for Sustainable Development

    Objective: Improve the teaching of hydrological sciences and related scientific disciplines; dissemination of research results and communication and adoption strategies.

    Focal Area V-1: Tertiary water education and professional development.

    Focal Area V-2: Vocational education and training of water technicians.

    Focal Area V-3: Water education in schools.

    Focal Area V-4: Water education for communities, stakeholders and mass-media professionals.

  • Geographical distribution of UNESCO Geographical distribution of UNESCO WaterWater--related related CentersCenters andand ChairsChairs

    UNESCO Centres (17)

    + UNESCO-IHE

    UNESCO Chairs on Water (13)

    ERCE IHP-HELP Centre

    ICHARMICQHHS

    IRTCES

    IHE

    IRTCUD

    RCUWM

    RCTWS

    HT-KL

    CAZALAC

    CATHALAC

    Ondurman

    Lesotho

    Hassania

    Cape

    Jordan

    Nice

    Al Fateh

    Irkutsk

    Aristotle

    Ajman

    Hohai

    San Carlos

    Ouro Preto

    IGRAC

    ICWATER

    ITAIPU

    RCWAZRCSA

  • Existing Existing CentresCentres and Institutesand Institutes

    CATEGORY 1CATEGORY 1-- legally part of UNESCO:legally part of UNESCO: UNESCOUNESCO--IHE Institute for Water Education (Delft, The IHE Institute for Water Education (Delft, The Netherlands) Netherlands) -- 20032003

    CATEGORY 2 CATEGORY 2 –– under the auspices of UNESCO:under the auspices of UNESCO: IRTCES IRTCES -- International Research & Training Center on International Research & Training Center on ErosiErosion &on & Sedimentation (Beijing, China) Sedimentation (Beijing, China) -- 19851985 IRTCUD IRTCUD –– International Research & Training Center on International Research & Training Center on Urban Drainage (Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro) Urban Drainage (Belgrade, Serbia & Montenegro) --19881988 CATHALAC CATHALAC –– Centro del Agua Centro del Agua parapara los los TrTróópicospicos HHúúmedosmedos de LAC (Panama City, Panama) de LAC (Panama City, Pana