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Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator vRealize Orchestrator 7.3

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  • Installing andConfiguring VMwarevRealize OrchestratorvRealize Orchestrator 7.3

  • Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator

    VMware, Inc. 2

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  • Contents

    Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator 6

    1 Introduction to VMware vRealize Orchestrator 7

    Key Features of the Orchestrator Platform 7

    Orchestrator User Types and Related Responsibilities 9

    Orchestrator Architecture 10

    Orchestrator Plug-Ins 10

    2 Orchestrator System Requirements 12

    Hardware Requirements for the Orchestrator Appliance 12

    Browsers Supported by Orchestrator 12

    Orchestrator Database Requirements 13

    Software Included in the Orchestrator Appliance 13

    Level of Internationalization Support 13

    Orchestrator Network Ports 14

    3 Setting Up Orchestrator Components 16

    vCenter Server Setup 16

    Authentication Methods 16

    Setting Up the Orchestrator Database 17

    4 Installing Orchestrator 18

    Download and Deploy the Orchestrator Appliance 18

    Power On the Orchestrator Appliance and Open the Home Page 19

    Change the Root Password 20

    Enable or Disable SSH Administrator Login on the vRealize Orchestrator Appliance 20

    Configure Network Settings for the Orchestrator Appliance 21

    5 Initial Configuration 22

    Configuring a Standalone Orchestrator Server 22

    Configure a Standalone Orchestrator Server with vRealize Automation Authentication 22

    Configure a Standalone Orchestrator Server with vSphere Authentication 24

    Orchestrator Network Ports 26

    Configuring the Orchestrator Database Connection 27

    Import the Database SSL Certificate 27

    Configure the Database Connection 28

    Export the Orchestrator Database 30

    Import an Orchestrator Database 30

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  • Manage Certificates 31

    Manage Orchestrator Certificates 31

    Configure the Orchestrator Plug-Ins 33

    Manage the Orchestrator Plug-Ins 33

    Uninstall a Plug-In 34

    Orchestrator Startup Options 35

    Orchestrator Availability and Scalability 36

    Configuring an Orchestrator Cluster 36

    Monitoring an Orchestrator Cluster 39

    Role Based Access Management in Control Center 40

    Assign User Roles to Users in Control Center 40

    Configuring the Customer Experience Improvement Program 41

    Categories of Information That VMware Receives 41

    Join the Customer Experience Improvement Program 41

    6 Using the API services 43

    Managing SSL Certificates and Keystores by Using the REST API 43

    Delete an SSL Certificate by Using the REST API 43

    Import SSL Certificates by Using the REST API 44

    Create a Keystore by Using the REST API 45

    Delete a Keystore by Using the REST API 46

    Add a Key by Using the REST API 46

    Automating the Orchestrator Configuration by Using the Control Center REST API 47

    7 Additional Configuration Options 48

    Reconfiguring Authentication 48

    Change the Authentication Provider 48

    Change the Authentication Parameters 49

    Export the Orchestrator Configuration 50

    Import the Orchestrator Configuration 50

    Configuring the Workflow Run Properties 51

    Orchestrator Log Files 52

    Logging Persistence 52

    Orchestrator Logs Configuration 53

    Inspect the Workflows 54

    Filter the Orchestrator Logs 54

    Add Network Interface Controllers 55

    Configure Static Routes 55

    8 Configuration Use Cases and Troubleshooting 57

    Register Orchestrator as a vCenter Server Extension 57

    Unregister Orchestrator Authentication 58

    Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator

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  • Changing SSL Certificates 58

    Adding a Certificate to the Local Store 59

    Change the Certificate of the Orchestrator Appliance Management Site 59

    Cancel Running Workflows 60

    Enable Orchestrator Server Debugging 60

    Back Up the Orchestrator Configuration and Elements 61

    Backing Up and Restoring vRealize Orchestrator 63

    Back Up vRealize Orchestrator 64

    Restore a vRealize Orchestrator Instance 65

    Disaster Recovery of Orchestrator by Using Site Recovery Manager 66

    Configure Virtual Machines for vSphere Replication 66

    Create Protection Groups 67

    Create a Recovery Plan 68

    Organize Recovery Plans in Folders 68

    Edit a Recovery Plan 69

    9 Setting System Properties 70

    Disable Access to the Orchestrator Client By Nonadministrators 70

    Setting Server File System Access for Workflows and Actions 71

    Rules in the js-io-rights.conf File Permitting Write Access to the Orchestrator System 71

    Set Server File System Access for Workflows and Actions 72

    Set Access to Operating System Commands for Workflows and Actions 72

    Set JavaScript Access to Java Classes 73

    Set Custom Timeout Property 74

    10 Where to Go From Here 76

    Log In to the Orchestrator Client from the Orchestrator Appliance Web Console 76

    Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator

    VMware, Inc. 5

  • Installing and ConfiguringVMware vRealize Orchestrator

    Installing and Configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator provides information and instructions aboutinstalling, upgrading and configuring VMware vRealize Orchestrator.

    Intended AudienceThis information is intended for advanced vSphere administrators and experienced system administratorswho are familiar with virtual machine technology and datacenter operations.

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  • Introduction toVMware vRealize Orchestrator 1VMware vRealize Orchestrator is a development- and process-automation platform that provides a libraryof extensible workflows to allow you to create and run automated, configurable processes to manageVMware products as well as other third-party technologies.

    vRealize Orchestrator automates management and operational tasks of both VMware and third-partyapplications such as service desks, change management systems, and IT asset management systems.

    This chapter includes the following topics:n Key Features of the Orchestrator Platform

    n Orchestrator User Types and Related Responsibilities

    n Orchestrator Architecture

    n Orchestrator Plug-Ins

    Key Features of the Orchestrator PlatformOrchestrator is composed of three distinct layers: an orchestration platform that provides the commonfeatures required for an orchestration tool, a plug-in architecture to integrate control of subsystems, and alibrary of workflows. Orchestrator is an open platform that can be extended with new plug-ins andlibraries, and can be integrated into larger architectures through a REST API.

    The following list presents the key Orchestrator features.

    Persistence Production grade databases are used to store relevant information, such asprocesses, workflow states, and configuration information.

    Central management Orchestrator provides a central way to manage your processes. Theapplication server-based platform, with full version history, can store scriptsand process-related primitives in the same storage location. . This way, youcan avoid scripts without versioning and proper change control on yourservers.

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  • Check-pointing Every step of a workflow is saved in the database, which prevents data-lossif you must restart the server. This feature is especially useful for long-running processes.

    Control Center The Control Center interface increases the administrative efficiency ofvRealize Orchestrator instances by providing a centralized administrativeinterface for runtime operations, workflow monitoring, unified log accessand configurations, and correlation between the workflow runs and systemresources. The vRealize Orchestrator logging mechanism is optimized withan additional log file that gathers various performance metrics for vRealizeOrchestrator engine throughput.

    Versioning All Orchestrator Platform objects have an associated version history.Version history is useful for basic change management when distributingprocesses to project stages or locations.

    Scripting engine The Mozilla Rhino JavaScript engine provides a way to create buildingblocks for Orchestrator Platform. The scripting engine is enhanced withbasic version control, variable type checking, name space management,and exception handling. The engine can be used in the following buildingblocks:

    n Actions

    n Workflows

    n Policies

    Workflow engine The workflow engine allows you to automate business processes. It usesthe following objects to create a step-by-step process automation inworkflows:

    n Workflows and actions that Orchestrator provides

    n Custom building blocks created by the customer

    n Objects that plug-ins add to Orchestrator

    Users, other workflows, schedules or policies can start workflows.

    Policy engine You can use the policy engine to monitor and generate events to react tochanging conditions in the Orchestrator server or plugged-in technology.Policies can aggregate events from the platform or any of the plug-ins,which helps you to handle changing conditions on any of the integratedtechnologies.

    Security Orchestrator provides the following advanced security functions: