Infrastructure for Reusable Vehicles The next generation of Space Travel Eric Jensen ASTE 527 Infrastructure for Reusable Vehicles The next generation.

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Infrastructure for Reusable VehiclesThe next generation of Space Travel

Eric Jensen ASTE 5271ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#BackgroundLarge, existing government-owned launch sitesCan they help usher in new methods of efficient access to LEO?Surpassing antiquated launch support methodsCommercialization Retain lessons learned, safe practicesAssisted air-launchConventional vertical rocket launchShaping 21st century public image

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#The fundamental approach to ground support systems for launch vehicles must to be modified in order to bolster a new era of transatmospheric technology, increased earth-to-LEO space travel, and to elicit public support.Infrastructure for reusable vehicles needs to advance alongside enhancements to the spacecraft themselves. 2AssumptionsEarth-based launch/landing locationsAccommodate increased transatmospheric trafficImpending commercial space travel needsDevelopment of launch facilities New generation of vehicles Global collaborative networkStreamlined processesMinimization of costsUtilize existing infrastructure where applicable Worldwide vertical launch locationsAirport locations

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#Increase in space travel, and on a level attainable to the average citizen. 3Concept ArchitectureHorizontal Launch/LandingMinimally invasive revisions to current airportsPrimarily support horizontal and air launch Designated landing-only airportsLess modificationDevelop new spaceports specifically designed for commercial space travelVertical LaunchUtilize existing facilitiesDevelop spacecraft to adapt to infrastructure Enhance global collaboration, opening launch sites to both commercial and government use Accommodate reusability Install common refurbishment facilities at current vertical launch sites Allowing rapid turn-around time for spacecraft

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#4Horizontal Launch SitesExisting runways at international hubsAir-launch capabilitiesInject heavy payloads to orbit by flying them into launch windows (50,000ft) Infrastructure already in place to support flightGlobal network of locationsAccommodate landers with minimal developmentPublic identifies with/has access to existing locationsProminent Media and PR supportPerceived high-level modifications Runway parameters (typical for transatmospheric vehicles) 15,000 long with 1,000 runoff at both ends400 wideRobust surface to cope with LV landing weightOn-site final assembly and propellant integration

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#Reworking of airports at international hubs to accommodate a new generation of launch vehicles. Air launch as their preferred method of low earth orbit spacecraft injection. 5Airports of the World, or Potential Launch Sites?

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#Plenty of potential launch sites to optimize required delta V depending on the mission. 6Vertical Launch Sites

Accommodate existing ELV systems, as well as developing RLV technologyVertical Launch/LandingLarge facility needed to accommodate vehicle assembly and integrationBasic design common to most launch locationsShuttle Landing RunwayVABLaunch PadsRussia (Kazakstan)Baikonur space center/Tyuratam 45.6o NUSACape Canaveral/KSC, Eastern Test Range (ETR)28.5o NUSAVandenberg AFB, Western Test Range (WTR)34.4o NUSAWallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island37.8o NUSAEdwards AFB, Air Force Flight Test Center35o NFranceKourou, Guiana Space Centre5.2o NFranceHammaguir31.0o NJapanTanegashima Space Center (TNSC)30.4o NJapanUchinoura Space Center (USC)31.2o NChinaJiuquan40.6o NChinaXichang28.25o NChinaTaiyuan/Wuzhai37.5o NItalySan Marco platform2.9o SIndiaSriharikota (SHAR)13.9o NIsraelPalmachim/Yavne31.5o NAustraliaWoomera31.1o SBrazilAlcantara2.3o SSpainTorrejon AB40.5o NASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#Vertical launch sites become profitable enterprises, while retaining the safe practices learned over the past 50 years. 7LimitationsSafety concernsNew regulations must be drafted for commercial use of government launch sitesPopulated areas surrounding airportsLaunch abort casesBlast radius for stored propellantSafety measures can be developed as they werefor Jet-AModification costs, complexityAirport launch sites to contend with:Launch noise Mass of landers and launch vehicles Support facilities for hazardous fuel and gasesLaunch pad structure for vertical launch, if applicableCrew accommodationsAir trafficHorizontally and vertically launched LEO vehicles coinciding with nominal airport traffic

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#8Forward WorkGlobal CollaborationFAA, ICAO, othersCollectively develop new standards that do not limit commercial travel, but retain safety and high standardsImpact of transatmospheric traffic on world airwaysCost analysis of typical airport modificationPursue commonality in launch facility layoutsAccommodate multiple LV configurations

ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#New era in spacecraft development, one that will hopefully shape the way we travel in the not-so-distant-future.Global collaboration be at the forefront of discussion. Profitability and growth seem to always be at odds with the idea of international cooperation.9International Civil Aviation Organizationwww.icao.intSpace Tourism A New Field for Space LawDerek Weber, Director, Spaceport Associateswww.spaceportassociates.comwww.nasa.govwww.virgingalactic.com

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ASTE 527 | The Future of ISS | Ground Support Infrastructure#

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