Indian Art History Timeline

  • Published on
    21-Dec-2015

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Indian art timeline

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18571885190119041905190819111919192019251929193019341940194119421943194719481949195219541956195819601962196519681969197119721977197819801982198419851986198719912014THE REVOLT OF1857FORMATION OF INDIANNATIONAL CONGRESSPARTITION OF BENGALSWADESHI MOVEMENT 1905-1908PARTITION OF BENGAL REVOKEDKHILAFAT MOVEMENT IS LAUNCHEDNON-COOPERATION MOVEMENTQUIT INDIA MOVEMENTINDIA ATTAINS INDEPENDANCEGENERAL ELECTIONSSECOND INO-PAK WARINDO PAK WAR OVER EAST PAKISTAN.BANGLADESH IS FORMEDRAJIV GANDHI BECOMES THE P.MLIBERIZATION OF THE ECONOMYSHANTINIKETAN IS FOUNDED TAGORE FAMILYLORD CURZON BESTOWS THEKAISE-I-HIND GOLD ON RAJA RAVI VERMA (HIS OIL ON CANVAS EVOKED ACADEMIC STYLE OF EUROPEAN MASTERS.THIS WASFAVOURED BY THE BRITISH)ABANINDRANATH TAGORE FORMED THE BENGALSCHOOL (THE BENGAL SCHOOL ARTISTS BELIEVEDTHEY COULD STEER INDIAN MODERN ART AWAY FROM EUROPEAN INFLUENCES AND DEVELOP A MORE UNIQUE INDIAN CHARACTER FROM ANCIENT CAVE PAINTINGSKALA BHAVAN (ART HOUSE)OUTSIDE CALCUTTA THE KALABHAVAN AT SHANTINIKETANPRESENTED AN ALTERNATEMETHOD OF TRAINING IN WHICH STUDIO PRACTICE WAS REJECTED IN FAVOUROF OBSERVATIONAL LEARNING,INCORPORATING THE BEAUTY OF NATURAL SURROUNDINGS INTOART EDUCATIONBENO DE BEHARI MUKHERJEE JOINSKALA BHAVAN AND TRAINS UNDER RABINDRANATH TAGORE AND NANDALAL BOSEAMRITA SHERGILL JOINSECOLE DER BEAUX ARTSNANDALAL BOSE CREATES HIS ICONIC IMAGE OF DANDI MARCH AMRITA SHERGIL RETURNS TO INDIAAMRITA SHERGIL DIESAT 29FORMATION OF THE CALCUTTA GROUP FORMED BY PARITOSH SEN AND ZEMUL A BEDIN DEVELOPED A STYLE REPRESENTED BY BENGALI PICTORAL TRADITIONSFOUNDING OF THE PROGRESSIVE ARTISTSCOMPRISED OF 6 RADICAL ARTISTS WORKINGTO ESTABLISH NEW CULTURAL IDENTITIES ANDMODERNIST CULTURE.THEY WERE OPPOSED TOTHE COLONIAL ACADEMIC STANDARD IMPOSEDUPON INDIAN ART ACADEMIES AS WELL AS THE REVIVALIST ART MOVEMENT ESTABLISHED BY THE BENGAL SCHOOL FIRST EXHIBITIONBY PAGFOUNDING OF MAHARAJA SAYAJIRAOUNIVERSITY .K G SUBRAMANYAM AND GULAMMOHAMMADSHEIKH TAUGHT THERETHE LALIT KALA ACADEMY IS FOUNDED AND OBSCENITY CASE IS FILED AGAINSTAKBAR PADAMSEE.NGMA NEW DELHI IS FOUNDFIRST EXHIBITIONBY BARODA GROUPDEVELOPMENT OF THEMES RELATED TO ESOTERIC ART.FOLLOWING THE REDISCOVERY OF TANTRIC ART IN 1960S ARTISTS STARTED PRACTICING NEO TANTRIC ART-SHOWING THE UNION OF MALES AND FEMALES.ARTISTS LIKE K G SUBRAMANYAM BECAME INCREASINGLY INTERESTED IN LOCAL STYLE,CUBISM AND EXPRESSIONISMFOUNDING OF THE GROUP 1890.GROUP 1890 WAS A SHORT LIVED GROUP COMPRISING 12ARTISTS IN BARODA.LED BY JERAM PATEL EMPHASIZED ON THEPRESENCE OF HUMANFIRST TRIENNALE INDIA IS HELD AT THE LALIT KALA ACDEMY, NEW DELHIVISION EXCHANGE WORKSHOP FOUNDED BYPADAMSEE.VRISHCHIK,A JOURNAL OF ART AND IDEACOMMENCES PUBLICATION FROM BARODA,EDITED BYBHUPEN KHAKKAR AND GULAM MOHAMMAD SHEIKHFIRST ALL INDIA ARTISTS WORKSHOP AT KASAULI BY VIVAN SUNDARAM (MARXISMAND AESTHETICS)PLACE FOR THE PEOPLE EXHIBITION HELD IN BOMBAYAND DELHI.THE 6 ARTISTS WHO PARTICIPATED IN THEPLACE FOR PEOPLE EXHIBITION REJECTED MODERNISTS EXISTENTIALISM AND THE REPRESENTATION OF METAPHYSICAL MAN IN FAVOUR OF NARRATIVES CENTERED ON POLITICS ANDTHE EVERYDAY.THIS EXHIBITION BROUGHT INTO FOCUS THEIMPORTANCE OF DRAWING AS MUCH FROM THE VERNACULAR FORM AS FROM THE WEST INDIA MYTH AND REALITY,ASPECTS OF MODERN INDIANART EXHIBITION HELD AT THEMUSEUM OF MODERN ART,OXFORD.IT HIGHLIGHTED THE ARTISTIC DIALOGUE BETWEENINDIA AND THE WEST.FESTIVAL OF INDIAHELD IN THE U.S.ATHROUGH THE LOOKING GLASS EXHIBITION ACROSSINDIA HIGHLIGHTED THE WORK OF PROMINENT FEMALE ARTISTSNALINI MALANI,ARPITA SINGH AND NIHIMA SHEIKHFOREIGN FUNDING CAME INAND INITIATED FOREIGNCURATORSHIP.THIS DICTATED THE ARTISTS INTO PRODUCINGPOLITICAL ART.THIS ALSO MADETHE ARTISTS PRODUCE ARTFOR AN INTERNATIONAL AUDIENCE WHICH HAD AN INTERNATIONAL STYLE WITH LOCAL NARRATIVES

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