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    >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >> >>YEAR 9 - n. 2 - nOVEMBER 2009

    LO/0267/2008validit dal 18/02/2008

    nATURAL GASVEHICLES

    VEHICLES, EnERGY, EnVIROnMEnT

  • N V

    Natural gas vehiclesvehicles, energy, environment

    Milano, November 2009Year 9 - Issue 2Six-monthly magazineReg. Tribunale Milano n 416 del 9 giugno 2000Registro operatori di comunicazione n 8654editor in chief:Alfredo Zainoeditor:Com-Media S.r.l.Via Serio, 16 - 20139 MilanoTel. +39 02-56810171 Fax + 39 02-56810131E-mail: info@watergas.itInternet: www.watergas.itPublisher:Com-Media S.r.l.Page layout by:Briefing - Milanoadvertising:Com-Media S.r.l.Printed by:Multigraf S.r.l.Via Colombo, 61 20155 Gorla Minore (VA)

    circulation:5.000 issuesCopyright byCom-Media S.r.L. MilanoAll rights reserved.

    cover: Grande Punto Natural Power

    CONTENTS>> TRENDs

    Mestre and its canals for bicycles ......................................................................................... 2

    Biogas upgrading and purification systems ........................................................................ 4

    >> focus oN NGV

    Reggio Emilia, the city that has bet on electric sustainable mobility ......................... 16

    City air work: the three keys of the success of the Piaggio Porter............................. 18

    The future of NGV in the vision of Federmetano ................................................................ 20

    To be an environment councillor in Italy: is it an affordable challenge? ................... 24

    The energy that drives world originates at the foot of Alps ......................................... 26

    Interview to Paolo Petracchi Dresser Wayne Pignone .................................................... 30

    >> NGV sysTEm ITalIa sEcTIoN

    A group of twenty large firms, committed to the NGV sector ..................................... 32

    >> TEcHNIcal sEcTIoN

    The new Ministry decree on multi-dispenser and self-service for CNG .................... 38

    >> EVENTs

    The eleventh IANGV Conference NGV 2008 Rio de Janeiro Brazil ...................... 44

    >> NEWs fRom NGV comPaNIEs

    News from NGV companies ........................................................................................................ 68

    >> usEful PaGEs

    Italian manufacturers of components for the NGV market ......................................... 77

  • TR

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    2

    In 2005 a turn has occurred to the policies for the sustainable mobility of Venezia: in the mainland the bicycles mobility plan BICIPLAN, has been approved for the main city of Veneto.

    The clear target devised by the administration have allowed to elaborate an ambitious project, which contemplates the increase from 53 to 99 kilometres of the bicycle lanes and a series of other interven-tions to promote the use of the bicycle, for example the reduction of the vehicle traffic.

    When the plan will be accomplished, there will be sixteen main itineraries, crossing the whole city from suburb to downtown. The enquiries done revealed that in the city about 50% of the trips are no longer than 4 kilometres, a distance which can perfectly be travelled over riding a two whe-eled vehicle.

    As it happens in Bolzano, the use of the bicycle is also promoted by means of information campaigns, aimed at renovating the positive image of the bi-cycle, proposing it in a different fashion compared to the way it is often seen by many people still to-day, i.e. a thrifty and uncomfortable travelling tool.Riding a bike . you taste the best part of the city, the people, your time, just to quote some of the slogans used on the posters hanging on the walls all over the city: The bicycle carries your smile around.

    The plan substantial-ly contemplates three steps, to be accompli-shed in the long run: step 1 is concerning the planning of the sixteen main urban itineraries which link the suburb to downtown, where there is a bicycle lane ring of Mestre; step 2 is concerning the plan-ning of all the seconda-ry bicycle itineraries and the re-qualification of the existing itineraries, to be connected to the main structure; step 3 will be the planning of the extra-urban itine-raries and of the spare

    time, to connect the bicycle lane structure on the main land to the most valuable itineraries reaching far places which are worth visiting.

    Some of the target: increase the mobility by bicycle from the present

    3-7% to 15-25% of the total trips, offering to bicycle rider safety, protection and comfort;

    apply the rule that trips shorter than 400 metres are done on foot, those shorter than 4 km are done by bicycle, above this distance, the trips are done by means of other vehicles, better if they are collective usage vehicles;

    re-qualification of the life of people and of the imagine of urban space;

    making the bicycle a friend of the retail at the block shop via the creation of space and oppor-tunities in downtown, where it be possible to establish a well settled mobility by bike like it is in the rest of Europe.

    Some fundamental criteria have been identified for the design of the bicycle lane network and of the measures to be taken for the modernisation of traffic, to create an efficient, practical and safe for users: hierarchy, continuity, capillarity, recogni-zability, globality, safety, linearity, attractiveness, comfort.

    The constant combination of these elements, the consciousness of their importance to obtain go-od results, seem to be now factors which cannot be renounced when planning of the interventions for promotion of the use of bikes. Mistakes in this planning would result in poor attractiveness of this network, discouraging people from using the bi-cycle lanes, or even the bicycle at all. And there is the risk of itineraries that might be less safe than expected.Venezia seems to be walking on the right path. The results of this are an increase of bicycle riders and a better satisfaction.

    Mestre and its canals for bicycles

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    Ds

    Last but not least, comes the promotion of the use of the bicycle and measures such as sufficient and efficient parking areas, which are suitably located; and interventions on the system of signs, which helps in particular the occasional users or the tou-rists to better orienting in the city.

    Then there are special maps for bicycle users, and info points along the whole itinerary structure; dedicated traffic lights. There are bicycle transit counters, to monitor the trend of the use of the two wheeled vehicle, to analyse the bicycle user behaviour, to better know the customer, so to be able to offer him an even more satisfactory product.

    Lorenzo Giorgio

  • bioGas UPGradinG and PUrification systeMs

    Vehicle bio-methane is a first-generation bio-fuel that has kept its viability. It has no polluting effect in water and in air quality. After several years of tests related to bio-fuels, crop-fuels" can no longer offer a solution to reduce our fossil fuel consumption and cut down on Green House Gas emissions. Their intensive production raises social, environmental and energy problems that cannot be resolved for the moment. The European Union encourages the diversity of bio-fuel use and second-generation bio-fuel de-velopment. This second-generation fuel comes from various types of bio-mass and allows the recycling of all organic residue found in organic products. It also eases the pressure on the ever-increasing encroachment of pollution on agricultural land. Nevertheless, Biomass to Liquid (BTL), which is the pathway of biomass transformation into li-quid fuels, is far from being reached, since it still requires enormous investment in research and de-velopment, and could take up to ten years before its arrival on the fuels market. In the meantime, bio-methane for vehicle use still has its place as a secure bio-fuel. The procedure of bio-methanisation is not par-ticularly complex; therefore it could facilitate its rapid development in production. It still offers a great potential, in terms of technological progress, as it is expected to be produced more by a better means in collection and treatment of the organic wastes as well as plant operation optimization. This means less bio-methane vehicle consumption for more efficient vehicles. To achieve the Europe-an target (5.75% of bio-fuel by 2010 and 10% by 2020), diversity is essential. Therefore, bio-methane is a bio-fuel with a great future. Today it still plays a marginal role in the natural gas industry. But the interest for it is growing, thanks to the undoubted environmental advantages it brings about, and to its characteristic as a rene-wable energy. In one of its former issues (autumn 2007), the magazine showed a panoramic of the biogas production potential, and the possible ap-plication in the automotive field. We have seen that the potential, even if subject to different evaluation made by the various experts of this sector, is anyway remarkable, and for sure biogas deserves to be included in the national transport framework, besides that of the other gas applications in the residential, industry and productive sectors.

    We have also seen that biogas is an optimum strategic partner for CNG, as it is a renewable energy source, which can take profit from the sa-me infrastructures. Politicians and decision makers at the national and EU level are more and more sensitive to this theme. Some experts believe that the fossil fuels have left now a short horizon, and in particular the liquid fossil fuels have peaked already; so we hav