How to Research Finding RELIABLE InformationGetting StartedWhere is the first place you go when you start researching a project?Google, Wikipedia, YouTubeBut how reliable are those sites?How do you know the information you are reading comes from a reliable resource?
Warnings with GooglingAnyones website can come upWhether its a 10 year olds website or a DoctorsWikis like Wikipedia can be changed by anyoneThey are open source documentsBlogs and Youtube videos are often personal opinion and have a lot of bias in the contentChecking Reliability The CRAAP TestCURRENCYWhen was the information published or last updated?Have newer articles been published on your topic?Are links or references to other sources up to date?Is your topic in an area that changed rapidly, like technology or popular culture?Bad ExampleGood ExampleChecking Reliability The CRAAP TestRELEVANCEDoes the information answer your research question?Does the information meet the stated requirements of the assignment?Is the information too technical or too simplified for you to use?Does the source add something new to your knowledge of the topic?Bad ExampleGood ExampleChecking Reliability The CRAAP TestAUTHORITYWhat are the authors credentials?Is the author affiliated with an educational institution or prominent organization?Can you find information about the author from reference sources or the Internet?Do other books or authors cite the author?Bad ExampleGood ExampleChecking Reliability The CRAAP TestACCURACYAre there statements you know to be false?Are there errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar?Was the information reviewed by editors or subject experts before it was published?What citations or references support the authors claims?What do other people have to say about the topic?Bad ExampleChecking Reliability The CRAAP TestPURPOSEIs the authors purpose to sell, persuade, entertain, or inform?Is there an obvious bias or prejudice?Are alternative points of view presented?Does the author omit important facts or data that might disprove the claim?Does the author use strong or emotional language?Bad ExampleBad ExampleStill Want to Google?FIND GOOD KEYWORDS!!!!!Before you start googling, make sure you know what your search terms will beUse articles, teacher lessons, or your prior knowledge to find keywords that will help narrow your searchType 3-5 words for your Google searches rather than 1-2 or a near sentence9Still Want to Google?Narrow your results using the sidebar (images, video, etc.) or advanced toggleex: English only, posted in last year, etc.Use Quotation marks ex: 7th Century instead of 7th CenturyTry Synonyms ex: popular/common/favouriteClick on a site and evaluate it before taking any notes from it!10Use Reliable WebsitesUse Reliable Search EnginesCheck the GMS Library WebsiteConsider Wikipedia for BASIC information and then use the links at the bottom for targeted jumps Consider museums, video sources (YouTube), television channels (History.com), and ethical photo sources (Creativecommons.org)Cite your SourcesUse Bibme.org or Easybib.comEasy to use online Bibliography creatorsSimply pick your Bibliography style (APA, MLA, etc.)Then pick your media type (book, website, etc.)Then paste the website link/book/video into the Cite It barThen copy and paste the citation into a word document