High Stakes Testing and African American Learners: Raising the Bar or Barring the Raise?

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High Stakes Testing and African American Learners: Raising the Bar or Barring the Raise?. Brenda L. (Townsend) Walker, Ph.D., J.D. Professor University of South Florida 974-1385 brendawalker@usf.edu. ADVANCE ORGANIZER. Rationale Seven Year Itch--NCLBA of 2001 and Academic Achievement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of High Stakes Testing and African American Learners: Raising the Bar or Barring the Raise?

Hillsborough County, FL

High Stakes Testing and African American Learners: Raising the Bar or Barring the Raise?

Brenda L. (Townsend) Walker, Ph.D., J.D.

Professor

University of South Florida

974-1385

brendawalker@usf.edu

ADVANCE ORGANIZER

Rationale

Seven Year Itch--NCLBA of 2001 and Academic Achievement

National and Florida trends

Focus Group Responses

Recommendations for Equitable Accountability and Achievement

Rationale

Intent of NCLBA of 2001

Close Achievement Gaps

Seven to ten years of data

High Pressure, High Stakes Testing

Barriers to Achievement

The New Majority

Implications for Teacher Educators

3

National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Trends

Purpose: To show what students know and can do

Scaled scores (0-500)

Three Levels

Basic: partial mastery of knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work

Proficient: solid academic performance that demonstrates competency over challenging subject matter

Advanced: superior performance.

NAEP TRENDS BY RACE

NAEP MATH 4th Grade

6

NAEP 4th Gr. Reading

2007 NAEP Reporting Groups in FL4th Grade Reading

Asian/Pacific IslanderBasicProficient86.057.0WhiteBasicProficient81.044.0HispanicBasicProficient64.028.0American Indian/AlaskanBasicProficient0.00.0BlackBasicProficient52.016.0

2007 NAEP Reporting Groups in FL8th Grade Reading

Asian/Pacific IslanderBasicProficient91.046.0WhiteBasicProficient80.036.0HispanicBasicProficient67.023.0American Indian/AlaskanBasicProficient0.00.0BlackBasicProficient55.013.0

2007 NAEP Reporting Groups in FL4th Grade Math

Asian/Pacific IslanderBasicProficient93.073.0WhiteBasicProficient93.053.0HispanicBasicProficient84.033.0American Indian/AlaskanBasicProficient0.00.0BlackBasicProficient73.020.0

2007 NAEP Reporting Groups in FL8th Grade Math

Asian/Pacific IslanderBasicProficient87.055.0WhiteBasicProficient80.039.0HispanicBasicProficient66.022.0American Indian/AlaskanBasicProficient0.00.0BlackBasicProficient53.013.0

Hillsborough County, FL4th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.084.081.066.088.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.063.067.053.084.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.054.058.042.064.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.063.069.073.074.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.042.048.029.055.0

Pinellas County, FL4th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.074.077.052.079.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.072.079.064.082.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.053.052.044.065.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.064.077.053.077.0Black22000.02004.02006.02009.038.046.024.048.0

Polk County, FL4th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.081.081.072.083.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.068.072.060.078.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.049.050.033.058.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.067.064.062.059.0Black 2000.02004.02006.02009.045.049.023.055.0

Sarasota County, FL4th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.077.075.084.089.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.076.083.069.087.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.056.066.046.068.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.00.0Column22000.02004.02006.02009.048.061.026.055.0

Manatee County, FL4th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.071.083.068.090.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.074.078.067.085.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.044.052.031.057.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.040.043.030.055.0

Hillsborough County, FL 5th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

No data for 2000

17

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.082.069.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.074.078.079.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.047.057.062.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.049.075.086.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.039.046.050.0

Manatee County, FL5th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.073.080.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.075.079.081.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.039.048.050.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.040.045.048.0

Pinellas County, FL5th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.064.076.076.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.078.079.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.047.060.064.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.073.068.067.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.034.045.047.0

Polk County, FL5th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.077.070.082.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.065.070.072.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.039.049.055.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.064.058.059.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.037.046.052.0

Sarasota County, FL5th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.077.080.089.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.074.078.084.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.042.062.070.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.075.091.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.032.048.058.0

Hillsborough County, FL6th grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.077.083.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.070.074.078.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.043.053.055.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.057.059.072.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.032.040.045.0

Manatee County, FL6th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.063.064.080.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.074.078.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.034.049.045.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.031.035.044.0

Pinellas County, FL6th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.066.072.075.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.068.074.075.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.041.053.057.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.050.076.065.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.028.037.041.0

Polk County, FL6th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.072.071.073.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.059.065.068.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.033.044.049.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.040.040.074.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.028.043.046.0

Sarasota County, FL6th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.00.071.093.084.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.00.069.078.084.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.00.039.061.064.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.027.050.050.0

Manatee, FL8th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.041.035.045.057.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.055.056.054.064.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.018.018.018.030.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.014.020.019.030.0

Hillsborough County, FL8th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.061.059.066.072.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.054.060.059.068.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.026.035.035.040.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.052.054.038.051.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.019.026.024.031.0

Pinellas County, FL8th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.050.043.055.067.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.048.057.056.065.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.033.034.036.045.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.021.050.059.055.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.014.022.021.024.0

Polk County, FL8th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.045.051.051.063.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.044.047.048.057.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.022.022.026.036.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.039.020.062.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.015.018.022.031.0

Sarasota County, FL8th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.066.074.067.071.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.058.058.059.071.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.034.028.035.046.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.055.050.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.019.017.021.033.0

Hillsborough County, FL10th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.043.050.047.060.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.041.048.047.051.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.024.025.024.028.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.032.050.027.043.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.013.015.015.019.0

Manatee County, FL10th Grade Reading

% >=3 on FCAT

Asian/Pacific Islander2000.02004.02006.02009.038.029.036.041.0White2000.02004.02006.02009.036.037.038.044.0Hispanic2000.02004.02006.02009.09.09.013.016.0American Indian/Alaskan2000.02004.02006.02009.00.00.00.00.0Black2000.02004.02006.02009.09.010.07.016.0

Pinell