Healthy Communities Tool Kit - How You Can Create Healthy Communitites

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    A Policy Guide for Public Health Practitioners and Their Partners

    HealtHyCommunities

    tool Kit

    How You Can Work Toward

    Creating Healthy Communities

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    Table o Contents

    Tableof ConTenTs

    InTroduCTIon I

    ChapTer1: a prImeron InfluenCIng polICy deCIsIons 1The Guiding Principle o the Healthy Communities Tool Kit 1

    Policy and Environmental Change Interventions 1

    Working with Elected Ocials and Decision-makersWhere in the World do you Begin? 2

    The Necessary Groundwork 2

    Be Inormed 3

    Lobbying v Advocacy 5

    Four Models o Advocacy 6

    ChapTer2: CommunITy desIgnand publIC healTh 9Working Together to Create Healthy Communities 9

    History in the Making 9

    Walking and Biking in America 10

    Increasing Physical Activity 11

    Collateral Benets o Improving Walkability and Bikeablity 11

    Improving a Communitys Ability to Eat Healthy 12

    Why Is Healthy Eating Important? 12

    The Potential Eect o Policies 13

    The Potential Within Environmental Changes 14

    Community Greening 14

    Farmers Markets 14

    Overview o Tobacco Control in Michigan 15

    The Facts About Tobacco Use in Michigan and Our Communities 15

    Tobacco-Control MovementA Brie History 16

    Social Capital 17

    ChapTer3: Whos Whoand WhaTs WhaT 19Local and Regional Planning Resources 19

    Village, Township, or City 19

    County Government 20

    Metropolitan Planning Organizations 20

    Rural Task Forces 20

    Regional Councils o Government (COGs) 21

    Local Community Health Coalitions and Community Tobacco-Reduction Coalitions 21

    Worksheets to Help 21

    Who Makes the Decisions in Your Community? Worksheet 21When Do Meetings Take Place Worksheet 22

    Inormal Leaders Worksheet 23

    Getting to Know Each OtherA Public Health Practitioner Interviews a Town Planner 23

    Planning and Policy 23

    Local Involvement 24

    Sidewalks and Bike Lanes 25

    Smoke-ree Bike Lanes and Other Recreational Areas 26

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    Introducing the Michigan Department o Transportation 26

    National MovementsThink Globally, Work Locally 27

    ChapTer4: WIndoWsof opporTunITy 29Land Use Planning in Michigan 29

    Land Use Planning Intervention Points 30

    Visioning and Goal-Setting 30Plans and Planning 31

    Implementation Mechanisms 32

    Site Design and Project Review 33

    Special Requirements 33

    Public Facility Siting Decisions 34

    A Final Word on the Five Intervention Points 34

    Policy Statements or Land Use Planning 34

    Transportation Planning 35

    Urban Areas 37

    Non-urban Areas 37

    All Communities 37Summary or Infuencing the STIP Process 38

    Michigan Long-Range Transportation Goals or 2000-2025 38

    Policy Statements or Multimodal Transportation Plans 39

    Developing a Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan 41

    Process 41

    Funding or Bicycle or Pedestrian Projects 42

    Six Funding Strategies in Michigan 42

    Funding Sources or Non-Motorized Transportation and Trails 43

    ChapTer5: WorkIng WIThThe CommunITy 47

    Models or Successul Community Participation 47

    Neighborhoods 47

    Building and Maintaining a Healthy-Community Coalition 48

    What is a Coalition? 48

    Why Start a Coalition (and Why Might it be Dicult )? 49

    Barriers to Starting a Coalition 49

    When Should you Develop a Coalition? 50

    Who Should be Part o a Coalition? 51

    How Do You Start a Community Coalition? 52

    To Sum Up 58

    Why is Maintaining the Coalition Important? 58

    What Needs to Be Maintained? 59

    How Do You Maintain a Coalition? 59

    Design a Maintenance Plan 59

    Who Should Design the Plan? 59

    How Comprehensive Should the Plan Be? 60

    How Formal Should the Plan Be? 60

    Who Should Carry Out the Plan? 60

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    Table o Contents

    How Frequently Should Maintenance Take Place? 61

    External Reviews 61

    Internal Reviews 62

    What are Alternatives to Maintenance? Some Other Coalition Directions 63

    Growing 64

    Spinning O 65

    Changing Focus 65Cutting Back 65

    Ending 66

    Staying the Way You Are 66

    Accomplishment 67

    Institutional Consciousness 67

    Positive Spirit 67

    Healthy Community and Tobacco Reduction Coalition Successes 68

    Healthy-Community Coalition Successes 68

    Tobacco-Reduction Coalition Successes 69

    Special-Interest Groups Working or Policy and Environmental Change 70

    Neighborhood Tobacco-Reduction Coalitions 71Interview Process 71

    Boards, Sta Responsibilities, and E ective Meetings 72

    Priorities and the 3 Ps