Basic components of the Electric GridPower Plant- Electricity generationTransmission- Transmit electricity to different areasDistribution- Distribution to different loadsLoads- Industries, Residences, etc.
Electric GridConverts different forms of energy to electricity (generation)Forms of energy conversion (??)Transmits electric energy from one place to another (transmission) (how??)Challenges(??)a)Less lossesb)Long distancesc) No wire cut offsDistribute to residential and industrial loads (Distribution)Challenges(??)
What are renewable and non-renewable sources of energy?
Sources of EnergyU. S. Energy Consumption by Source, 2010
Transmission and DistributionTransformer:Transmission:Step up voltage to kVDistribution:Step-down voltage to 120 VLines
*A collaboration between universities, industry and national labs.
Center for Ultra wide Resilient Electric Energy Transmission Networks.Ultra wide ????A nation-wide or continent-wide transmission grid.Resilient???? Able to withstand and overcome overload or stressful/disturbed conditions How??? Develop a system that is fully monitored and dynamically controlled in real-time.Why?? high efficiency, high reliability, low cost.Electric Energy - renewable energy sources, energy storageTransmission Network
CURENTWhat we do not doGenerate, transmit or distribute energyThat is what electric grid does!!
What we doMonitor grid data,Analyse the various disturbances/overloadsDevelop control methods to improve and make the transmission grid resilient
Solar and Wind Power
Nonrenewable: Fossil fuels because they were formed over millions and millions of years by the action of heat from the Earth's core and pressure from rock and soil on the remains (or "fossils") of dead plants and creatures like microscopic diatoms.Renewable: Solar energy from the sun, which can be turned into electricity and heatWind, Geothermal energy from heat inside the Earth, Biomass from plants, which includes firewood from trees, ethanol from corn, and biodiesel from vegetable oil, Hydropower from hydroturbines at a dam