Palm Islands are a group of man-made islands made up of only sand and rock. Palm
islands are the largest man-made islands in the world, with Palm Jumeirah being the first ever
to be constructed. It was found out that by the year 2016, the sources of oil will have run out,
therefore they need another practical source of income. The crown prince of Dubai, Sheikh
Mohammed Rashid Al Maktoum, envisions Dubai to be the number 1 luxury tourist
destination. He wants to triple the amount of tourists by putting a man-made island just in
front of the Dubai shoreline, adding 56 kilometers to Dubais coastline. With the capabilities of
resisting earthquakes, violent storms, erosion from the sea, the Palm Island is sure to be a
success once it is complete.
Location: Jumeirah, Dubai, UAE
Use: Commercial and Residential Use
Cost: $12 billion
Height: 3m above waves
Floor Area: 600 hectares
Weight: 94 mil cubic meters of sand and 5.5
mil cubic meters of rock worth
Architectural: Helman Hurley Charvat
Structural: Nakheel Properties Management: Nakheel Properties
Construction: Nakheel Properties
Plumbing: Plumber Dubai
Utilities: Dubai Electricity and Water Authority
The Palm Island is consisting currently of Palm
Jumeirah. Constructions have started in Palm Jebel Ali,
while there are plans in constructing more, such as Palm
Deira, The World, The Universe and Dubai Waterfront.
This world-renowned attraction is one of the few
attractions that can be seen from the space. Thanks to
its impeccable geometry that lend unique shape and
massive scale to the project.
I. FOUNDATION & Stability
Feasibility of a Project in the middle of the Persian Gulf Design of breakwater must
be 3m high above the waves.
The desert sand present in Dubai is too fine to be used They dredged sand from
the Persian Gulf seabed which is a perfect fit for construction.
II. CONSTRUCTION METHODOLOGY & Materials
Positioning of the Island and its cruves The privately owned Satellite IKONOS was
utilized to accurately pinpoint the placement of the sand in the reclamation.
If the team responsible for breakwater progresses too quickly, it cuts off access to
the team doing the reclamation, if the reclamation team progresses too quickly, it is
at risk of being washed out by the storms Perfect balance between the progresses
of the two teams is applied.
III. FIRE/EARTHQUAKE RESISTANCE
A technique called Rainbowing was used in the reclamation of land, but the sand
was only sprayed therefore uncompacted and vulnerable to Liquefaction caused by
earthquakes A process called Vibro Compaction was done, vibrating the land
around a probe, adding more sand during the process.
IV. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
The original design causes water inside to be stagnant Developers created two
openings connected by bridges, creating space for water to circulate.
Threats to Marine Life - Contrary to belief, not only does the construction of the
Palm Islands not affect the marine life below, the breakwater served as a shelter for
them and it attracts more species in the area.
The changes in the waves in the beaches of mainland Dubai causes sand to build up
in certain areas near the corner of the Palm Islands and erodes sand in opposite
area They regularly dredge sand from where the sand builds up and drop it off
where the sand have been eroded.
Jennings, K. (Nov 23, 2015). The Real Story Behind Dubais Palm Islands. Retrieved from
Megastructures xiveTV. (Aug 12, 2007). The Palm Island, Dubai UAE. Retrieved from
Powering Dubais Wonder of the World [PDF File]. Retrieved from http://www04.abb.com/global/
Engr. Ryan A. Ramirez
Group 4 4CEB Palm Islands