From CP Violation to Electroweak Symmetry Breaking

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From CP Violation to Electroweak Symmetry Breaking. a 4G Saga. July 8, 2010 , Lattice/Pheno Seminar @. I. Intro: Kobayashi-Maskawa & CPV4U 3G 4G : Enough CPV for Baryogenesis? II. CPV4U: from Earth to Heaven * Earthly Thread - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • CPV & BAU: The Sakharov ViewBangUs14Byr Baryon Number V iolation CP Violation Deviation from EquilibriumPairAnnihilation ( Cosmic Microwave Background )10-9 Matter left !Equal Matter -Antimatter(1967)aryon symmetry niverse

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Complex Dynamics: KM Sector of SMUnitary3x3 RotationNeed presence of all 3 generationsto exhibit CPV in Standard ModelWolfenstein parametrization

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    KM CPV Confirmed ~ 2001Nontrivialthe MOMA plot

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    "for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous brokensymmetry in subatomic physics""for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"The Nobel Prize in Physics 2008CP Violationin SM7 October 2008B Factories(BaBar & Belle)Reading: WSHarXiv:0907.5044 [hep-ph] Lecture on the Nobel Prize

    Photo: Universtity of ChicagoPhoto: KEK Photo: Kyoto University

    Yoichiro Nambu Makoto KobayashiToshihide Maskawa

    1/2 of the prize 1/4 of the prize 1/4 of the prize

    USA Japan JapanEnrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago Chicago, IL, USA High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) Tsukuba, Japan Kyoto Sangyo University; Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University Kyoto, Japanb. 1921 (in Tokyo, Japan) b. 1944 b. 1940

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Unique CPV Phase: Common Area of TriangleWolfenstein Parametrization to O(5)N.B. geometric picture

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    CPV so far only observed in KM ... Nontrivial CPV Phase: A(area) NontrivialCPViffJ 0

    Nobel 2008 B Factory to LHC George W.S. Hou (NTU) FPCP, June 1, 2009

    Kobayashis Nobel slides51J seems short by at least 10-10

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    B.A.U. from CPV in KM ? The Lore.Masses too Small !Jarlskog Invariant in SM3 (need 3 generation in KM)Too Small in SMEW Phase Transition Temperature~ v.e.v.

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Why Repeat ? Flavor Problemv.e.v.s, c, b quarks too light

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Heavenly Touch Towards BAU

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    b d transitions consistent with SM Nontrivialb s: the Current Frontierthe MOMA plot

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    A Real Hint ! , ... or Not !?

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Belle 2008 Nature: Simple Bean CountD A = AK +p 0 - AK +p - = + 0.164 0.037 4.4s+ 0.07 0.03 vs - 0.094 0.020DifferenceIsLarge !Exp. EstablishedBelle + BaBar (+ CDF)b s CPVAnd Not Predicted !

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Unexpected !

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Nature writing: Explaining CPV to biologistsYou get out of your mind.

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    B.A.U. from CPV in KM ?If shift by One Generation in SM4 (need 3 generation in KM)~ 10+15 GainGain mostly in Large Yukawa Couplings !WSH, arXiv:0803.1234 [hep/ph]ProvidenceNature wouldlikely use this !?Enough CPV?Too Small in SMWMAPCJP09

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    The Abyss between CPV in SM3 vs BAU bridged in SM4 by Heaviness of t and b Why wasnt this clearly pointed out in past 20 years ?

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Hints of a new quark have turned up in the decay productsof the Tevatron particle smasher

    A fourth generation of particles could explain how mattersurvived to form stars and galaxiesIf fourth-generation quarks are responsible for upsetting this balance, then we would not exist withoutthem. "To me, this is the single most important motivation for the existence of [the fourth generation],"says George Hou of the National Taiwan University in Taipei. By a mere extension from three to fourgenerations, he adds, we may have enough asymmetry to explain how matter survived annihilation inthe early universe.

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    Can all this be understoodfrom my vantage ?Still issue of Order of Phase Transition

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    the Four Statements Beyond the 3SM generation at the LHC era workshop, 9/2008 @ CERN http://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=33285 Four Statements about the Fourth Generation arXiv:0904.4698[hep-ph] 50+ citations within a year 4G has warmed up 2nd Workshop on Beyond 3 Generation Standard Model New Fermions at the Crossroads of Tevatron and LHC, 1/2010 in Taipei http://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=68036

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    II. CPV4U: from Earth to Heaven Earthly Thread: B K p Direct CPV DifferenceIts personal.

  • ICHEP 2004, Beijing ACP(B K+p0 )ACP(Kp0 ) = 0.04 0.05 0.02 Kp0 : 728 53 Large EW penguin (Z0) ? New Physics ?[also seen by BaBar]_ddp0 K-uuB-sbSakaiSaga Towards Belle Nature Paper ...hint that ACP(K+p- ) ACP(Kp0 ) ? (2.4s)

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    PEW Z Belle 2004 PRL: Seedby yours trulyY. Chao, P. Chang et al.

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    My first B (and 4G) papernondecouplingdimensionsWSH, Willey, Soni

  • Evidence for an anomalous like-sign dimuon charge asymmetryG.BorissovLancaster University, UKFermilab Wine & Cheese Seminar, 14 May 2010arXiv:1005.2757[hep-ex]

  • 2010/05/14Dimuon charge asymmetry - Fermilab Wine & Cheese seminar 47preliminary combinationOur (preliminary) combination of all measurements of semileptonic charge asymmetry shows a similar deviation from the SM.SM

  • 2010/05/14Dimuon charge asymmetry - Fermilab Wine & Cheese seminar *Comparison with other measurementsObtained value of assl can be translated into the measurement of the CP violating phase s and sThis constraint is in excellent agreement with an independent measurement of s and s in BsJ/ decayThis result is also consistent with the CDF measurement in this channel

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    CDF Update at FPCP, May 2009 bs seems smaller

  • 2010/05/14Dimuon charge asymmetry - Fermilab Wine & Cheese seminar *Comparison with other measurementsObtained value of assl can be translated into the measurement of the CP violating phase s and sThis constraint is in excellent agreement with an independent measurement of s and s in BsJ/ decayThis result is also consistent with the CDF measurement in this channelsee WSH & Mahajan, PRD07also: Grossman, PLB96 Dunietz, Fleischer, Nierste, PRD01sin2FBs = - sin2bs = sinfs Dzero & CDF consistent, but sin2FBs smaller than before. If Dzero result stays, probably larger than Lenz-Nierste.Can One Comprehend This ?

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    (already in 05)4th generation prediction still robust, but needs LHCb to verify.Also, Soni et al., arXiv:1002.0595 [hep-ph] Buras et al. arXiv:1002.2126 [hep-ph] Lenz et al., arXiv:1005.3505[hep-ph]

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    AFB(B K*l+l-) and Other Predictions sent to BackupUnfinished on Earth

    CPV to EWSB/4G George W.S. Hou (NTU) HU/DESY Zeuthen, 100708 *

    b, t @ (Tevatron/)LHCGIM , charm, Ksmall / , K pnn (still waiting) heavy