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  • FRANKIA AND ACTINORHIZAL PLANTS

  • Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences Volume 18

    I. 1. Monteith and C. Webb, eds., Soil Water and Nitrogen in Mediterranean-type Environments. 1981. ISBN 90-247-2406-6

    2. 1.C. Brogan, ed., Nitrogen Losses and Surface Run-off from Landspreading of Manures. 1981. ISBN 90-247-2471-6

    3. 1.D. Bewley, ed., Nitrogen and Carbon Metabolism. 1981. ISBN 90-247-2472-4

    4. R. Brouwer, l. Gasparikova, 1. Kolek and B.C. Loughman, eds., Structure and Function of Plant Roots. 1981. ISBN 90-247-2510-0

    5. Y.R. Dommergues and H.G. Diem, eds., Microbiology of Tropical Soils and Plant Productivity. 1982. ISBN 90-247-2624-7

    6. G.P. Robertson, R. Herrera and T. Rosswall, eds., Nitrogen Cycling in Ecosystems of Latin America and the Caribbean. 1982. ISBN 90-247-2719-7

    7. D. Atkinson et aI., eds., Tree Root Systems and their Mycorrhizas. 1983. ISBN 90-247-2821-5

    8. M.R. Saric and B.C. Loughman, eds., Genetic Aspects of Plant Nutrition. 1983. ISBN 90-247-2822-3

    9. 1.R. Freney and 1.R. Simpson, eds., Gaseous Loss of Nitrogen from Plant-Soil Systems. 1983. ISBN 90-247-2820-7

    10. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Efficient Use of Fertilizers in Agriculture. 1983. ISBN 90-247-2866-5

    11. 1. Tinsley and 1.F. Darbyshire, eds., Biological Processes and Soil Fertility. 1984. ISBN 90-247-2902-5

    12. A.D.L. Akkermans, D. Baker, K. Huss-Danell and 1.D. Tjepkema, eds., Frankia Symbioses. 1984. ISBN 90-247-2967-X

    13. W.S. Silver and E.C. Schroder, eds., Practical Application of Azalla for Rice Production. 1984. ISBN 90-247-3068-6

    14. P.G.L. Vlek, ed., Micronutrients in Tropical Food Crop Production. 1985. ISBN 90-247-3085-6

    15. T.P. Hignett, ed., Fertilizer Manual. 1985. ISBN 90-247-3122-4

    16. D. Vaughan and R.E. Malcolm, eds., Soil Organic Matter and Biological Activity. 1985. ISBN 90-247-3154-2

    17. D. Pasternak and A. San Pietro, eds., Biosalinity in Action: Bioproduction with Saline Water 1985. ISBN 90-247-3159-3. In Press

    18. M. Lalonde, C. Camire and 1.0. Dawson, eds., Frankia and Actinorhizal Plants. 1985. ISBN 90-247-3214-X

  • Frankia and Actinorhizal Plants

    Edited by

    M. LALONDE, c. CAMIRE Departement des sciences jorestieres Faculte de joresterie Universite Laval Ste-Foy, Que. Canada, G1K 7P4

    and

    J.O. DAWSON Forestry Department University oj Illinois Urbana, IL 61801, USA

    First published as Plant and Soil, Vol. 87, No.1 (1985)

    1985 MARTINUS NIJHOFF PUBLISHERS .. a member of the KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS GROUP 1Ii11 DORDRECHT / BOSTON / LANCASTER

  • Proceedings of the International Symposium on Frankia and Actinorhizal Plants, held in Montmorency Forest, Laval University, Quebec, Canada on 5-9 August 1984

    Distributors

    jor the United States and Canada: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 190 Old Derby Street, Hingham, MA 02043, USA jor the UK and Ireland: Kluwer Academic Publishers, MTP Press Limited, Falcon House, Queen Square, Lancaster LAI lRN, UK jor all other countries: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Distribution Center, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, The Netherlands

    Library of Congress Catalogue Card Number: 85-15366

    ISBN-13: 978-94-010-8777-3 DOl: 10 .1007/978-94-009-514 7 -1

    Copyright

    e-ISBN-13: 978-94-009-5147-1

    1985 by Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht. Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1 st edition 1985

    All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publishers, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, P.O. Box 163, 3300 AD Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

  • Contents

    Registrants

    Preface

    Z. Zhongze and 1.G. Torrey, Studies of an effective strain of Frankia from Allocasuarina lehmanniana of the Casuarinaceae

    H.G. Diem and Y.R. Dommergues, In vitro production of specialized reproductive torulose hyphae by Frankia strain ORS 021001 isolated

    vii

    xi

    from Casuarinajunghuhniana root nodules 17

    W.L. Parson, L.R. Robertson and C.V. Carpenter, Characterization and infectivity of a spontaneous variant isolated from Frankia sp. WEY 0131391 31

    C.S. An, W. S. Riggsby and B.C. Mullin, Restriction pattern analysis of genomic DNA of Frankia isolates 43

    P. Simonet, P. Normand, A. Moiroud and M. Lalonde, Restriction enzyme digestion patterns of Frankia plasmids 49

    H. liabin, Z. Zheying, C. Guanxiong and L. Huichang, Host range of Frankia endophytes 61

    L. Vergnaud, A. Chaboud, Y. Prin and M. Rougier, Preinfection events in the establishment of Alnus-Frankia symbiosis: Development of a spot inoculation technique 67

    C.S. Vogel and 1.0. Dawson, Effect of juglone on growth in vitro of Frankia isolates and nodulation of Alnus glutinosa in soil 79

    L.l. Winship and 1.D. Tjepkema, Nitrogen fixation and respiration by root nodules of Alnus rubra Bong.: Effects of temperature and oxygen concentration

    v

    91

  • vi

    C.R. Schwintzer, Effect of spring flooding on endophyte differentia-tion, nitrogenase activity, root growth and shoot growth in Myrica gale 109

    L. Simon, A. Stein, S. Cote and M. Lalonde, Performance of in vitro propagated Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn. clones inoculated with Frankiae 125

    T.C. Hennesey, L.K. Bair and R.W. McNew, Variation in response among three Alnus spp. clones to progressive water stress 135

    L.J. Bertrand and M. Lalonde, In vitro propagation and nodulation by Frankia of actinorhizal Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) 143

    M.D. Stowers and J.E. Smith, Inoculation and production of container-grown red alder seedlings 153

    A.M. Berry and J .G. Torrey, Seed germination, seedling inoculation and establishment of Alnus spp. in containers in greenhouse trials 161

    P. Perinet, J.G. Brouillette, J.A. Fortin and M. Lalonde, Large scale inoculation of actinorhizal plants with Frankia 175

    G. Pregent and C. Camire, Biomass production by alders on four abandoned agricultural soils in Quebec 185

    B. Cote and C. Camire, Nitrogen cycling in dense plantings of hybrid poplar and black alder 195

  • Registrants

    A. C. Aldrich, Dept. of Microbiology and Cell Science, 1059 McCarty Hall, IFAS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

    C. An, Dept. of Botany, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37916, USA

    J. A. Arnonne, Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect St., New Haven, CT 06511, USA

    D. Bair, Forestry Dept., Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50013, USA

    D. Baker, CF Kettering Research Lab., 150 E. South College, Yellow Springs, OH 45387, USA

    D. Benson, Dept. of Biochemistry and Microbiology, Cook College, Rutgers Univ., New Bruns-wick, NJ 08903, USA

    H. R. Berg, Dept. of Microbiology and Cell Science, 1059 McCarty Hall, IF AS, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA

    A. M. Berry, Dept. of Environmental Horticulture, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

    L. J. Bertrand, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    1. Bousquet, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada G 1 K 7P4

    J. G. Brouillette, Societe d'energie de la Baie James, 800 Bou!. de Maisonneuve est Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2L 4MB

    D. A. Callaham, Botany Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA

    C. Camire, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    C. V. Carpenter, Weyerhaeuser Company, WTC 2B25, Tacoma, WA 98477, USA

    A. Chaboud, Dep. de biologie vegetale, Universite de Lyon I, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne, France

    Guanxiong, Chen, Institute of Forestry and Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Shenyang, China

    J. Collins, Dept. of Botany and Microbiology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA

    B. Cote, Dept. of Forestry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

    S. Cote, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    J. O. Dawson, Dept. of Forestry, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

    H. G. Diem, ORSTOM/CNRS, B. P. 1386, Dakar, Senegal

    Y. Dommergues, ORSTOM/CNRS, B. P. 1386, Dakar, Senegal

    J. C. Ensign, Dept. of Bacteriology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA

    M. S. Fontaine, Cabot Foundation, Harvard University, Petersham, MA 01366, USA

    J. A. Fortin, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    vii

  • viii

    M. Gardes, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Lava!, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    G. Z. Gertner, Dept. of Forestry, University ofIJIinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA

    1. Giasson, Dep. des sciences forestieres, Fac. de foresterie et de geodesie, Universite Laval, Quebec, Canada, GIK 7P4

    T. C. Hennessey, Dept. of Forestry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74074, USA

    P. K. Hepler, Botany Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA

    A. Hirsch, Dept. of Biological Sciences, Wellesley College, Wellesley, MA 02181, USA

    A. HQuwers, Plant and Soil, Lab. Microbiology, H. van Suchtelenweg 4, 6703 CTWageningen, The Netherlands

    L. Huichang, Institute of Forestry and Soil Science, Academia Sinica, Shenyang, China

    D. Idie, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA

    S