Fort Wayne Downtown Design

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  • DOWNTOWN

    DESIGN M A N U A L* * * * * * * *

    C I T Y O F

    FORT WAYNE

    ADOPTED | OCTOBER 2010EFFECTIVE | JANUARY 2011

  • Fort Wayne DoWntoWn Design Manual | 2 | Part I. IntroductIon

    table oF contents

    Part I. IntroductIon ..................... 5

    A. INTRODUCTION ...........................6 1. Purpose ........................................6 2. applicability ..................................6 3. using the Manual .........................7 4. Design Direction ...........................9 5. Design review Process ................11 6. Petition and Plan review

    Procedures ..................................12

    Part II. new non-resIdentIal and MIxed-use BuIldIngs constructIon ................................ 15

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................16

    B. BUILDING FORM .........................16 1. Height ........................................16 2. Front yard (setback) ....................17 3. side yard (setback) .....................17 4. rear yard (setback) .....................18 5. Corner treatment ........................18 6. scale and Proportion...................19 7. Building additions and

    expansions .................................19ProFile: general Facade Components ...............................20

    C. FACADE DESIGN.........................21 1. Primary Facade Materials ............21 2. Primary Facade - Horizontal

    Divisions .....................................23 3. Primary Facade - Vertical

    Divisions .....................................24 4. secondary Facade Design ...........24

    5. Cornice / roof layer ...................25 6. entrances ....................................26 7. Windows ....................................27 8. awnings, Canopies, and

    Marquees ...................................28 9. Balconies ....................................29 10. skywalks .....................................29 11. Building lighting .........................30 12. Drive-through Facilities ...............31

    D. MECHANICAL/SERVICE AREAS ....33

    E. ACCESSORY STRUCTURES ...........34 1. Placement ...................................34 2. Materials ....................................34

    Part III. new resIdentIal constructIon ................................ 35

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................36

    B. BUILDING FORM .........................36 1. Height ........................................36 2. setbacks .....................................36 3. townhouse Complexes ...............37 4. additions ....................................37

    C. FACADE DESIGN.........................38 1. Building Materials .......................38 2. Vertical and Horizontal Divisions .39 3. roofs and Cornices .....................39 4. entrance(s) ..................................40 5. Windows ....................................40 6. landscaping ...............................40 7. screening ...................................40 8. Fencing ......................................41 9. lighting ......................................41

    10. Parking .......................................41 11. signs ..........................................41 12. Building separation

    requirements ..............................41 13. Balconies ....................................41

    Part IV. Facade renoVatIons and BuIldIng conVersIons ................ 43

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................44ProFile: terms Defined ..............45ProFile: u.s. secretary of the interiors standards for rehabilitation ..............................47

    B. FACADE RESTORATION / REHABILITATION / RENOVATION FOR NON-RESIDENTIAL AND MIxED-USE STRUCTURES ...........48 1. Primary Facade Materials ............48 2. Primary Facade - Horizontal

    Divisions .....................................50 3. Primary Facade - Vertical

    Divisions .....................................50 4. secondary Facade Design ...........51 5. Cornice / roof layer ...................51 6. entrances ....................................52 7. Windows ....................................53 8. awnings, Canopies, and

    Marquees ...................................53 9. Balconies ....................................54 10. Building lighting .........................54 11. Mechanical/service areas ...........55

    ProFile: the Most Common renovation Design Problems .......56

  • Fort Wayne DoWntoWn Design Manual | 3 | Part I. IntroductIon

    C. CONVERSION OR RENOVATION OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS ......57 1. single- and two-Family

    to Multiple-Family Conversion standards ...................................57

    2. residential to Commercial/ Mixed-use Conversion standards ...................................57

    3. reversion of Multiple-Family and Commercial structures to single-Family residential .......................58

    Part V. sIte eleMents ..................... 59

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................60

    B. SITE ELEMENTS ............................60 1. surface Parking ...........................60

    ProFile: Preferred Parking Configurations ............................61

    2. Parking structures .......................62 3. Vehicle access locations ..............63 4. Bicycle Facilities ...........................64 5. Pedestrian Circulation .................65 6. Fences and Walls ........................65 7. landscaping ...............................67

    ProFile: urban Heat island effect ..........................................68

    8. site lighting ................................70ProFile: light Pollution solutions 71

    9. Public open space .....................72 10. external utilities ..........................73

    Part VI. other urBan desIgn consIderatIons ............................. 75

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................76

    B. OTHER URBAN DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS .....................76 1. Views and terminated Vistas .......76 2. safe By Design ............................78 3. sustainability ...............................79 4. Maintenance...............................82 5. Demolition ..................................82

    Part VII. PuBlIc streetscaPe ......... 83

    A. INTRODUCTION .........................84

    B. PUBLIC STREETSCAPE ELEMENTS .84 1. general selection Criteria ...........84 2. sidewalks and street trees ..........85 3. streetscape templates .................88 4. street lighting .............................94 5. Public art ....................................97 6. Bicycle Parking ............................98 7. street Furnishings ........................98 8. transit shelters ............................99

    B. PRIVATE USE OF THE PUBLIC STREETSCAPE ............................100 1. sidewalk Cafes .........................100 2. street Furnishings ......................100 3. signage ....................................100 4. awnings, Canopies, and

    Marquees .................................101

    Part VIII. sIgnage ........................ 103

    A. INTRODUCTION .......................104

    B. SIGN TYPES ...............................104 1. Wall signs.................................104

    ProFile: sign types ..................105ProFile: sign Placement ..........106

    2. Projecting signs ........................107 3. Blade signs ...............................107 4. ground-Mounted signs ............108 5. awning signs ............................109 6. Canopy signs ...........................109 7. Marquee signs..........................110 8. Window signs ...........................110 9. Directional signs .......................110 10. temporary / Holiday signs ........110 11. illumination ..............................111 12. Changeable Copy signs ...........111 13. Prohibited signs ........................111

    Part Ix. aPPendIx ......................... 113

    A. STREET TREE LIST - CITY RECOMMENDED ......................114

    B. THE POWER OF TEN by Fred Kent..............................115

    Part x. glossary .......................... 117

    table oF contents

  • Fort Wayne DoWntoWn Design Manual | 4 | Part I. IntroductIon

    desIgn standards reVIew grouP

    a group, consisting of elected and appointed officials and downtown representatives, created to assist in the development of this Manual.

    liz Brown - Common Council

    rich Davis - Downtown improvement District, President

    Connie Haas Zuber - Plan Commission, President

    ronda Hanning - Downtown Property owner

    Jim Hoch - architect, Hoch associates

    Matt Kelley - Downtown Business owner

    Mike McKay - architect, Morrison Kattman Menze

    John shoaff - Common Council

    staFFKim Bowman - Director, Department of Planning services

    Pat Fahey - Department of Planning services

    sherese Fortriede - Fort Wayne Planning Department

    Don orban - Fort Wayne Planning Department, Historic Preservation

    PuBlIc PartIcIPatIon

    this design manual is the result of several forms of input including:

    a Visual Preference survey that included 50 images. survey partici-pants were asked to rate photos on a scale from -4 (dislike) to +4 (like) and to explain their preference. if they preferred a photo, they were asked whether the element portrayed should be encourage or required. the survey also included four general questions regarding design standards. the survey was available both online and at the Planning Department for a period of three weeks in the Fall of 2009.

    a Public open House was held in February 2010 to present a draft of the Design Manual. the draft was available for public review prior to the open house. in collaboration with the Downtown improvement District, notification of the open house was sent via direct mail to down-town property owners. attendees were