Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. Remedial Investigation/Remedial... Former Spic and Span

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  • Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Draft Upland Site Summary

    Draft Upland Site Summary May 2012 Newtown Creek RI/FS 1 120782-01.01

    FORMER SPIC AND SPAN CLEANERS AND DYERS, INC. (DAR SITE ID #115) Address: 315 Kingsland Avenue, Brooklyn, New York 11222 Tax Lot Parcel(s): Brooklyn Block 2657, Lot 15 Latitude: 40.727145 Longitude: -73.9422 Regulatory Programs/ Numbers/Codes: NYSDEC No. 224129, NYSDEC Spill No. 0802228 Analytical Data Status: Electronic Data Available Hardcopies only

    No Data Available

    1 SUMMARY OF CONSTITUENTS OF POTENTIAL CONCERN (COPCs) TRANSPORT PATHWAYS TO THE CREEK

    The current understanding of the transport mechanism of contaminants from the uplands portions of the Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. site (site) to Newtown Creek is summarized in this section and Table 1. Overland Transport The site is located approximately 0.37 miles from Newtown Creek and associated waterways with several buildings and roads located between the site and the waterways. This pathway is not complete. Bank Erosion This pathway is not complete because the site is not adjacent to the waterway. Groundwater A site-specific groundwater investigation has not been conducted. However, as part of the Meeker Avenue Plume Trackdown study conducted by URS Corporation (URS) on behalf of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), the site has been identified as a source of groundwater contamination. It was concluded in the Phase III Site Characterization Report that the site is the primary source of PCE and TCE in this area (URS Corporation 2008b). Monitoring wells and groundwater samples indicate

  • Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Draft Upland Site Summary Report May 2012 Newtown Creek RI/FS 2 120782-01.01

    tetrachloroethene (PCE) and trichloroethene (TCE) contamination at the site (URS Corporation 2007, 2008a, 2008b, 2009b; EDR 2010). Nonaqueous phase liquid (NAPL) has also been gauged in wells in the immediate vicinity of the site. A groundwater plume extends out to the east-northeast of the site, moving with groundwater flow in a northeasterly direction towards Newtown Creek. This is a complete historical pathway and a potentially complete current pathway. Overwater Activities The site is not adjacent to Newtown Creek and associated waterways and has no overwater activities. This pathway is not complete. Stormwater/Wastewater Systems The site contains no available information on stormwater or wastewater infrastructure. The site is within the Newtown Creek Water Pollution Control Plant (WPCP) sewershed. According to City records, stormwater and wastewater discharges from the site flow into a combined municipal sewer system. When the combined flows exceed the system’s capacity, untreated combined sewer overflows (CSOs) are discharged to the East River, which is outside of the Newtown Creek study area. The CSO outfall/wastewater pathway is not a complete pathway. Air Releases Information related to air discharges was not located for this site. However, as part of the Meeker Avenue Plume Trackdown study conducted by URS on behalf of the NYSDEC, the site has been identified as a source of PCE and TCE contamination. Ambient air samples measured in utility conduits at the site’s surface and outdoor ambient air samples collected by opening a summa canister during the URS Meeker Avenue Plume Trackdown Study indicate air releases as a possible complete pathway.

    2 PROJECT STATUS Based on the presence of PCE contamination in soil and groundwater, the site is listed on the New York State Registry of Inactive Hazardous Waste Disposal Sites as a “Class 2” site (i.e., the disposal of hazardous waste has been confirmed and the presence of such hazardous waste or its components or breakdown products represent a significant threat to the

  • Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Draft Upland Site Summary Report May 2012 Newtown Creek RI/FS 3 120782-01.01

    environment or to health) (NYSDEC 2011). A summary of investigation and remedial activities at the site is provided in the following table:

    Activity Date(s)/Comments

    Phase 1 Environmental Site Assessment

    Site Characterization Investigations as part of the Meeker Avenue Plume Trackdown study conducted in 2007,

    2008, and 2009. Remedial Investigation

    Remedy Selection

    Remedial Design/Remedial Action Implementation

    Use Restrictions (Environmental Easements or Institutional Controls)

    Construction Completion

    Site Closeout/No Further Action Determination

    3 SITE OWNERSHIP HISTORY Respondent Member: Yes No

    Owner Years Occupant Types of Operations

    Vacant circa 1908 Vacant Vacant

    Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    circa 1915 – 1960s

    Eastern District Dye Works

    Silk dyeing and finishing

    Norman Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Industrial dry cleaning and dyeing

    Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers,

    Inc.

    Industrial dry cleaning and dyeing

    Unknown circa 1980 – circa

    1989 Unknown Storage space (?)

    Delta Property Associates Unknown –

    current Delta Property

    Associates The site is currently utilized

    for a variety of purposes including residential,

    warehousing, and woodworking

    Frank Chan Unknown –

    current Double Star Real

    Estate, Inc.

  • Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Draft Upland Site Summary Report May 2012 Newtown Creek RI/FS 4 120782-01.01

    4 PROPERTY DESCRIPTION The site occupies approximately 0.2 acres1 within the Newtown Creek WPCP sewershed. The site is zoned for manufacturing with residential zoning neighboring to the south and west, and is completely covered by multiple buildings of varying construction and height (NYSDEC 2011). Impervious surface largely dominates the site and surrounding area; however, non-impervious surfaces are also present. An extensive network of roads and buildings surrounds the site. A large residential area is located immediately adjacent to the site, and extends south along both Kingsland Avenue and Monitor Street. Remedial site Exxon Mobil Greenpoint Remediation Project (DAR Site ID #53) is located one block north of the site as shown in Figure 1.

    5 CURRENT SITE USE The site is currently occupied and is utilized for a variety of purposes including residential, warehousing and woodworking (including a woodworking shop; EDR 2010; NYSDEC 2011).

    6 SITE USE HISTORY In 1908, the site was divided into four small lots and appeared to be vacant (Sanborn 1904). By 1915, Eastern District Dye Works occupied the site operating a silk dyeing and finishing operation (Sanborn 1915a). Historical records indicate Eastern District Dye Works was also known as Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. (URS Corporation 2008b; EDR 2010; NYSDEC 2011). Available documents indicate that Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. occupied the site from the early 1900s until the mid 1960s (EDR 2010; NYSDEC 2011). During that time, Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. conducted multiple operations under multiple names including industrial dry cleaning and dyeing under Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc. and Norman Cleaners and Dyers Inc., and silk dyeing and finishing under Eastern District Dye Works (Sanborn 1915a, 1915b; URS Corporation 2008b).

    1 Acreage is an approximation of the site tax parcel using geographic information system data.

  • Former Spic and Span Cleaners and Dyers, Inc.

    Draft Upland Site Summary Report May 2012 Newtown Creek RI/FS 5 120782-01.01

    7 CURRENT AND HISTORICAL AREAS OF CONCERN AND COPCS The current understanding of the historical and current potential upland and overwater areas of concern at the site is summarized in Table 1. The following sections provide brief discussion of the potential sources and COPCs at the site requiring additional discussion.

    7.1 Uplands Potential historical and current contaminant sources at the site include equipment and products used in industrial dry-cleaning and silk dyeing practices and operations. The primary COPCs for these sources at this site include PCE, TCE and associated degradation products from dry cleaning operations, and other non-chlorinated VOCs from the use of dyes.

    7.2 Overwater Activities This site is not adjacent to Newtown Creek or associated waterways and has no associated overwater activities.

    7.3 Spills Documented spills at the site are summarized in the following table:

    NYSDEC Spill No. Spill Date Close Date

    Material/Quantity Spilled Remarks

    0802228 05/27/08 05/28/08 Unknown

    Liquid found in soil during installing monitoring wells as part of plume trackdown

    investigation; spill case was closed and referred to remediation site

    8 PHYSICAL SITE SETTING 8.1 Geology Surface topography in the area ranges from 6 feet above mean sea level at Newtown Creek to 56 feet above mean sea level just southeast of the site, which is approximately 19 feet above mean sea level (URS Corporation 2007). Subsurface data collected in the vicinity of the site indicate that the site is underlain from the surface downward by a fill unit, a sand unit of varying textures, a discontinuous till unit and a di