INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
INTRODUCTION TO CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY & INTRODUCTION TO DRAWING
GROUP MEMBERS: 1. ZOE LOW LI MIEN 0319444 2. SITI NUR FATAHIAH BINTI MD EZAMUDIN 03205953. RACHEAL CHEONG KAH YEN 03199264. NABILA HANIM BINTI SALLEH@MAN 03213685. ALIA NISA BINTI RAFLLY 0320774
WHAT IS LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE ?
DEFINITIONLandscape architecture is the art of designing, planning, or management of the land.
Plan, design and manage open spaces, which are natural and manmade. Works closely with landscape contractors, planners, environmentalists and land surveyors.
Design areas that are not only functional, but also beautiful, and compatible with the natural environment.
They plan the location of buildings, roads, and walkways, and the arrangement of flowers, shrubs, and trees. WHO IS A LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT?
Analysis and survey the site.Focus on the clients needs and wantsDecide a project budgetArrange the landscape scopeChoose and decide what are the plants that will add into the landscape
WHAT DO THEY DO ?
PHASES IN LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURESCHEMATIC DESIGNStart up with a design consultation.
Plan an initial meeting with the client.
Understand and formulate a concept that meets the clients needs.
Obtain site plans and survey plans from architects and land surveyors.Landscape architects start to prepare conceptual design for the clients after consulting them. Sometimes, a Master plan may be created and needed if the site is too large.A Landscape architect needs to prepare:1. SITE ANALYSISTo prepare Site Analysis, a Landscape Architect needs to complete:Site surveyVegetation surveySoil surveyEnvironmental studies and reports
This stage involves:ResearchAnalysisSynthesis
2. CONCEPTUAL PLANA plan to show the design that suites the site conditions and meet the clients requirements.
May consist of Softscape and Hardscape elements.
Includes structures, pavements, planting and other features as needed.
Provides a plan, 3-D illustrations and graphics to illustrate all the elements proposed for the projects.
3. SECTIONS AND ELEVATION DRAWINGSTo provide sections and elevation to show the height, depth and elevations of the design.
4. RENDERINGS OR PERSPECTIVES Either in Sketch or in a 3-D Rendering such as Sketchup and 3-D studio max or manual sketches.
Client gets to visualized the realistic look in the final product.
DESIGN DEVELOPMENT After clients approval on schematic design, develop further on design.
Focus and pay more attention into the construction details like Measurements and materials.
Coordinate with the architects, Civil and Structure, Mechanical and Electrical Engineers and the QS on the designs.1. HARDSCAPEThey are consisted of scaled plans such as:Grading and drainageIrrigationMaterial & setting out plansLightning (Lightning fixtures and locations of them)Signage & street furnitureShows dimensions and materials of the design.Describe the materials used in this design.
2. SOFTSCAPE/ PLANTING PLANConsist of scaled plans of trees and shrubs.
Select and rearrange the plants in the landscape.
Quantities of plant, type of plants, specifications of materials and soil conditioning of the site.
CONSTRUCTION To issue construction drawings to contractors to construct on site.
To visit and inspect to ensure that contractor construct according to the drawings.
CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGConsist of scaled plans showing the materials and specifications for both hardscapes and softscapes.
POST-CONSTRUCTION Contractor needs provide As-Built plans.
To ensure the plants survive by having a regular scheduled maintenance program.
Program consist of watering, fertilising, pruning frequencies and to replace dead plants as and when it occurred.
As Built Plans
Record of all changes made during construction.
OF LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE PROJECT IN MALAYSIA
KLCC PARK (MALAYSIA)