Flower and Fruit - Flower and Fruit . The flower helps the plant to reproduce. Basic Flower Structure

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  • Flower and Fruit

  • The flower helps the plant to reproduce.

  • Basic Flower Structure

    stigma

    style

    ovary

    locule

    ovule

    carpel

    gynoecium

    pollen

    anther

    filament stamen

    androecium petal

    corolla

    perianthsepal

    calyx

    receptacle

    pedicel Perianth is complete

    Flower is perfect Flower is monoecious

    Flower is hypogynous

    Pistil is simple

  • The Reproductive Structure of Flowering Plants:

    Perianth

    Petal: Corolla Sepal:Calyx

  • fruit can be defined as part of a flowering

    plant that derives from specific tissues of the flower, one or more ovaries, and in some

    cases accessory tissues”.

  • Fruits

  • A fruit develops from the

    ovary wall after

    fertilization of the egg in

    the ovule

    A seed develops from the

    ovule after fertilization

    of the egg in the ovule

  • Receptacle

  • Classification of Fruits

    Simple

    (e.g.Senna pods)

    Aggregate

    (e.g.Star anise)

    Composite (compound, multiple)

    (e.g. Figs)

  • 2- Dry Fruits

    1- Succulent (fleshy pericarp)

  • Succulent Fruits

    حسلية

    Drupe

    لبية

    Berry

    كاذبة تفاحية Pome

  • Dry Fruitsالثمار الجافة

    جافة متفتحة Dehiscent

    جافة غير متفتحة Indehiscent

    منشقة Schizocarpic

  • I-Dehiscent Fruits

    جرابية Follicle

    قرنية Legume

    خردلة Siliqua

    خريدلة silicula

    Capsuleعلبة

  • Capsuleعلبة

    Porousثقوب teeth اسنان Lidغطاء Valvesصمامات

    ي كن

    س م

    ي جز

    حا ي

    ع را

    ص م

  • II-Indehiscent Fruits

    غير متفتحة

    فقيرة Achene

    برة Caryopsis

    سبسال Cypsella

    جناحية Samara

    بندقة

    Nut

  • III-Schizocarpic Fruits منشقة

  • الثمار المتجمعة Aggregate Fruits

    Achenes

    Follicles

    strawberry rasberry

  • Composite Fruits

    (Compound,Collective or Multiple)

    توتيةثمار مركبة تينيةثمار مركبة ثمار األناناس