Fire Safety Audit

  • View
    95

  • Download
    2

Embed Size (px)

Text of Fire Safety Audit

  • Fire Safety Plan for

    Ryerson Annual Fund

    & University Advancement

    Office

    Abdel Hameed Adra

    Abd-Ur-Rehman Khawaja

    Aniqua Janjua

    Haroun Khokhar

    Klejda Gjermeni

    Onaiza Khan

    Rabioul Hassan

    For

    Craig Fairclough

    Instructor

    OHS 833

    Date submitted

    November 22, 2016

  • Table of Content

    Content Page

    Introduction. 1

    Distribution of Fire Safety Plan.... 1

    Building Resources Audit.. 2

    Human Resources Audit... 6

    Emergency Procedures to be used in case of fire..... 6

    Control of fire hazards. 7

    Electrical hazards.... 8

    Roles and Responsibilities........ 8

    Alternative Measures..... 10

    General Fire Safety and Routes of Exits... 11

    Fire Drills. 12

    Maintenance/Procedures/Inspections. 12

    References 14

    Appendix. 15

  • Introduction

    General

    This Fire Safety Plan (FSP) has been prepared for the employees, employers, and occupants of

    the building at 415 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario. This plan is based on the requirements of

    the 2007 Ontario Fire Code (OFC) (Ontario Reg. 213/2007).

    Scope

    Produce an organized FSP that will be practical for the employees, employers, occupants, and

    also cater to the fire department. The fire plan will serve as a guide for the individuals in the

    building in the emergency case of fire. This FSP includes an introduction, an overview of the

    building, general duties and responsibilities, emergency procedures, schematic drawings of the

    facilities, and training on fire prevention.

    Responsibility

    Responsibilities of individuals and penalties are delegated in the Ontario Fire Code (Ontario

    Reg. 213/2007), which is a provincial regulation made under the Fire Protection and Prevention

    Act. The owner is responsible for complying with the fire code. The OFC defines an owner as

    any person, firm, or corporation having control over any portion of the building or property

    under consideration and includes the persons in the building or property. Supervisory staff must

    be instructed on the emergency fire procedures as stated in the Fire Safety Plan and then be

    delegated duties and responsibilities.

    Distribution of Fire Safety Plan and Records

    Distribution of Fire Safety Plan

    Copies of the Fire Safety Plan will be sent to the Toronto Fire Services to be reviewed and

    subsequently approved.

    1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed in the main lobby in a fire safety plan

    box that will be locked and only to be open by security, property manager, and

    Toronto Fire Services.

    1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed in the security office on the ground

    level.

    1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed at the fire alarm panel located in the

    main lobby

    Workers and occupants can talk to their respective floors fire warden if they require physical

    copies of emergency procedures.

    Records

  • 1. Written documents regarding tests and recommendations will be kept for a minimum of 3

    years that will be given to the Chief Fire Official upon request.

    2. A permanent record will be kept that contains inspection dates, inspector's name, and

    description of inspection.

    3. A permanent record of all fire drills will be kept and updated accordingly. The record will

    be available to the Chief Fire Official upon request.

    Building Resources Audit

    Building Description and Layout

    Figure 1 - Picture of

    location, 415 Yonge

    Street, Toronto, Ontario.

    (Image from:

    https://goo.gl/xCvA2e)

    415 Yonge Street is a high-rise building constructed between 1972 and 1974. The building

    features 19 stories, 17 of which are dedicated to office spaces and 2 stories dedicated to the

    main floor and retail space. It is classified under Group D; Offices according to table 3.1.2.1 of

    the National Building Code (NBC). There are 6 elevators and 2 stairwells in the premise. It was

    renovated in 2014 and is managed by Tony Laranjeira of Artis REIT (Spacelist, 2016).

    Primary material used for construction are concrete, steel rebar, structural steel beam, wooden

    studs, gypsum board, batt insulation, air barrier, vapor barrier, bricks, plywood, stucco, glass

    windows, and aluminum siding, to name the most common substances. Major composition of

    the building use materials that have a relatively poor thermal conductivity, like steel and

    concrete (The Concrete Centre, 2016).

    https://goo.gl/xCvA2e

  • Use and Occupancy

    415 Yonge Street is composed of offices, and 4 units of retail space. The building is classified

    as Group D; Offices, as it is largely composed of office space.

    Sprinkler system

    All areas of the main lobby have sprinkler systems in place, including retail spaces. The

    staircases and floors do not have sprinkler systems. They are 4 hoses located on each floor, on

    the northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest corners. Although there was no sprinkler

    system installed in the call center, it was mainly due to the fact that it was not required because

    of the nature of the room.

    Fire Alarm System

    415 Yonge Street is equipped with a single-stage manual pull Fire Alarm System (FAS) in all

    areas. The fire control panel is located in the main lobby behind the security desk as seen in

    figure 2. The fire alarm panel is Simplex 4100 ES with One Bay.

    The signaling devices that form part of the Fire Alarm System are: strobe lights and bells.

    The initiating devices that form part of the FAS are: single-stage manual pull station and smoke

    detectors.

    Emergency Power

    The emergency generator of the building provides emergency power to the FAS if their batteries

    fail.

    Sequence of Operations

    After the manual pull-down station or smoke detector is activated the following events will occur:

    An audible alert will sound and all strobe lights will come on.

    The system will indicate where the alarm was activated from and its located displayed on

    the panel.

    The control panel will log the event, with its time and date.

    Air condition and ventilation fans will shut down.

    All elevators will be grounded.

    Resetting Panel

  • The alarms will continue to sound until manually silenced using the fire control panel located on

    the main floor after resetting the triggered manual pull-down station. No alarm is to be shut off or

    silenced without the confirmation from Toronto Fire and Emergency Services.

    Exits

    In an event of a fire it is important to know the where to go, what to do and not to do. The goal is

    to exit the building as quickly as possible without getting harmed. There are two stairwells

    located on the southeast and southwest side of the building as seen in figure 3. The building

    contains crossover floors on floor 3, 8,12, 16, and 20. Crossover floors are there to divert people

    to another stairwell incase the stairwell they are in is blocked by obstructions or smoke. There is

    also the front door of the building as well as a rare door provided for entering and exiting of

    occupants and the fire fighters. A meeting area is assigned and made well aware of, towards

    which everyone must make their way when exiting during a fire using the closest stairwell exit. If

    any doors are blocked by the fire, an alternative exit must be appointed by the warden in

    charge.

    During the hours of operation, it must also be ensured that the exits including hallways,

    corridors, and aisles remain unlocked and free from physical obstruction. Exit signs should

    always be illuminated; any and every non-working bulbs must be replaced. Positioning of the

    partitions or other similar objects should not obstruct the visibility of the exit.

    Emergency Lighting

    Emergency lighting are not provided in hallways or stairwells. In case of a blackout, occupants

    are not supplied with a generator either. However, a person designated as a fire warden is

    provided with an emergency evacuation kit, and is in charge of ensuring the safety of the

    occupants on their floor. The emergency kit includes glow sticks, a flashlight, reflective tape,

    and a whistle. Figure 6 shows the components included in the fire wardens emergency

    evacuation kit. An alternative measure can be to use a mobile phones flash.

    Fire Department Access

    The building is easily accessible from the northbound side of Yonge Street, approximately 75m

    north of Gerrard Street East and Yonge Street. Fire hydrants are located in front of 407 Yonge

    Street and north side of the building in the pathway between McGill Street and Yonge Street.

    There is also a backdoor provided by the building to allow easy access and entrance to the

    building for firefighters.

    Portable Extinguishers & Fire Hose

    Fire extinguishers provided in the building are stored in cabinets that also contain the fire hose

    and flow valves in areas required by Section 6 of the OFC. Class ABC fire extinguishers are

  • located in the building. Only trained occupants of the workplace should operate the portable

    extinguisher and fire hose in the event of an emergency situation.

    Extinguisher use requires:

    There is an acceptable range of pressure on the dial for the extinguisher.

    Spray at