Fire Safety Plan for
Ryerson Annual Fund
& University Advancement
Abdel Hameed Adra
November 22, 2016
Table of Content
Distribution of Fire Safety Plan.... 1
Building Resources Audit.. 2
Human Resources Audit... 6
Emergency Procedures to be used in case of fire..... 6
Control of fire hazards. 7
Electrical hazards.... 8
Roles and Responsibilities........ 8
Alternative Measures..... 10
General Fire Safety and Routes of Exits... 11
Fire Drills. 12
This Fire Safety Plan (FSP) has been prepared for the employees, employers, and occupants of
the building at 415 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario. This plan is based on the requirements of
the 2007 Ontario Fire Code (OFC) (Ontario Reg. 213/2007).
Produce an organized FSP that will be practical for the employees, employers, occupants, and
also cater to the fire department. The fire plan will serve as a guide for the individuals in the
building in the emergency case of fire. This FSP includes an introduction, an overview of the
building, general duties and responsibilities, emergency procedures, schematic drawings of the
facilities, and training on fire prevention.
Responsibilities of individuals and penalties are delegated in the Ontario Fire Code (Ontario
Reg. 213/2007), which is a provincial regulation made under the Fire Protection and Prevention
Act. The owner is responsible for complying with the fire code. The OFC defines an owner as
any person, firm, or corporation having control over any portion of the building or property
under consideration and includes the persons in the building or property. Supervisory staff must
be instructed on the emergency fire procedures as stated in the Fire Safety Plan and then be
delegated duties and responsibilities.
Distribution of Fire Safety Plan and Records
Distribution of Fire Safety Plan
Copies of the Fire Safety Plan will be sent to the Toronto Fire Services to be reviewed and
1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed in the main lobby in a fire safety plan
box that will be locked and only to be open by security, property manager, and
Toronto Fire Services.
1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed in the security office on the ground
1 copy of the approved FSP will be placed at the fire alarm panel located in the
Workers and occupants can talk to their respective floors fire warden if they require physical
copies of emergency procedures.
1. Written documents regarding tests and recommendations will be kept for a minimum of 3
years that will be given to the Chief Fire Official upon request.
2. A permanent record will be kept that contains inspection dates, inspector's name, and
description of inspection.
3. A permanent record of all fire drills will be kept and updated accordingly. The record will
be available to the Chief Fire Official upon request.
Building Resources Audit
Building Description and Layout
Figure 1 - Picture of
location, 415 Yonge
Street, Toronto, Ontario.
415 Yonge Street is a high-rise building constructed between 1972 and 1974. The building
features 19 stories, 17 of which are dedicated to office spaces and 2 stories dedicated to the
main floor and retail space. It is classified under Group D; Offices according to table 220.127.116.11 of
the National Building Code (NBC). There are 6 elevators and 2 stairwells in the premise. It was
renovated in 2014 and is managed by Tony Laranjeira of Artis REIT (Spacelist, 2016).
Primary material used for construction are concrete, steel rebar, structural steel beam, wooden
studs, gypsum board, batt insulation, air barrier, vapor barrier, bricks, plywood, stucco, glass
windows, and aluminum siding, to name the most common substances. Major composition of
the building use materials that have a relatively poor thermal conductivity, like steel and
concrete (The Concrete Centre, 2016).
Use and Occupancy
415 Yonge Street is composed of offices, and 4 units of retail space. The building is classified
as Group D; Offices, as it is largely composed of office space.
All areas of the main lobby have sprinkler systems in place, including retail spaces. The
staircases and floors do not have sprinkler systems. They are 4 hoses located on each floor, on
the northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest corners. Although there was no sprinkler
system installed in the call center, it was mainly due to the fact that it was not required because
of the nature of the room.
Fire Alarm System
415 Yonge Street is equipped with a single-stage manual pull Fire Alarm System (FAS) in all
areas. The fire control panel is located in the main lobby behind the security desk as seen in
figure 2. The fire alarm panel is Simplex 4100 ES with One Bay.
The signaling devices that form part of the Fire Alarm System are: strobe lights and bells.
The initiating devices that form part of the FAS are: single-stage manual pull station and smoke
The emergency generator of the building provides emergency power to the FAS if their batteries
Sequence of Operations
After the manual pull-down station or smoke detector is activated the following events will occur:
An audible alert will sound and all strobe lights will come on.
The system will indicate where the alarm was activated from and its located displayed on
The control panel will log the event, with its time and date.
Air condition and ventilation fans will shut down.
All elevators will be grounded.
The alarms will continue to sound until manually silenced using the fire control panel located on
the main floor after resetting the triggered manual pull-down station. No alarm is to be shut off or
silenced without the confirmation from Toronto Fire and Emergency Services.
In an event of a fire it is important to know the where to go, what to do and not to do. The goal is
to exit the building as quickly as possible without getting harmed. There are two stairwells
located on the southeast and southwest side of the building as seen in figure 3. The building
contains crossover floors on floor 3, 8,12, 16, and 20. Crossover floors are there to divert people
to another stairwell incase the stairwell they are in is blocked by obstructions or smoke. There is
also the front door of the building as well as a rare door provided for entering and exiting of
occupants and the fire fighters. A meeting area is assigned and made well aware of, towards
which everyone must make their way when exiting during a fire using the closest stairwell exit. If
any doors are blocked by the fire, an alternative exit must be appointed by the warden in
During the hours of operation, it must also be ensured that the exits including hallways,
corridors, and aisles remain unlocked and free from physical obstruction. Exit signs should
always be illuminated; any and every non-working bulbs must be replaced. Positioning of the
partitions or other similar objects should not obstruct the visibility of the exit.
Emergency lighting are not provided in hallways or stairwells. In case of a blackout, occupants
are not supplied with a generator either. However, a person designated as a fire warden is
provided with an emergency evacuation kit, and is in charge of ensuring the safety of the
occupants on their floor. The emergency kit includes glow sticks, a flashlight, reflective tape,
and a whistle. Figure 6 shows the components included in the fire wardens emergency
evacuation kit. An alternative measure can be to use a mobile phones flash.
Fire Department Access
The building is easily accessible from the northbound side of Yonge Street, approximately 75m
north of Gerrard Street East and Yonge Street. Fire hydrants are located in front of 407 Yonge
Street and north side of the building in the pathway between McGill Street and Yonge Street.
There is also a backdoor provided by the building to allow easy access and entrance to the
building for firefighters.
Portable Extinguishers & Fire Hose
Fire extinguishers provided in the building are stored in cabinets that also contain the fire hose
and flow valves in areas required by Section 6 of the OFC. Class ABC fire extinguishers are
located in the building. Only trained occupants of the workplace should operate the portable
extinguisher and fire hose in the event of an emergency situation.
Extinguisher use requires:
There is an acceptable range of pressure on the dial for the extinguisher.