Fire Fighting + Alarms on Board

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  • 8/13/2019 Fire Fighting + Alarms on Board


    Fire Fighting

    Fire on board can be of great danger to the whole ship, even if it is a small fire. Most of therisks have already been eliminated by the design of the ship. What risk remains can only be avoided

    by everyone on board taking care. Prompt action is essential for effective fire-fighting, andknowledge of the location and use of fire equipment is necessary to permit immediate action. When

    you see a fire you should

    !. "ound the alarm#

    $. %escue people in danger#&. Fight the fire with the available fire equipment until the fire team takes over.

    'n the cabin you may find one or more fire detectors such as

    ( smoke detectors#

    ( flame detectors#( heat detectors

    which will indicate a fire. )n alarm will be shown on the fire control panel. *etectors are inposition around the ship in all fire-sensitive areas. ) sprinkler system will spray the cabin with

    water to e+tinguish fire.

    here is an audiovisual fire-warning device on the bridge and in the engine control room indicatingwhen and where a fire has occurred.

    here are several types of fire e+tinguishers suitable for different types of fires.( he water fire e+tinguisher is used to put out fires in te+tiles, wood, paper etc. ever use water

    fire e+tinguishers where live electrical equipment is located.

    ( he foam fire e+tinguisher is used to e+tinguish fires in combustible liquids like oil.( he powder fire e+tinguishers are used mainly to e+tinguish fires in electrical equipment, but can

    also be used to fight fires in combustible liquids and light metals. here are special dry chemical

    powders for fires of this type.( Fi+ed fire-fighting systems using /alon and 01$ are found in the engine room and other

    machinery spaces.)ll personnel must be evacuated from these areas before the system can be activated.

    'f someone is left in the area, he or she could be killed by the gas 201 $3.

    1n board some ships special foam monitors are available on deck to e+tinguish large fires. "ome ofthe crew members will be specially trained in fire fighting and be part of the fire fighting team on

    board. )t a fire alarm the fire team will muster at the Fire "tation and rapidly prepare themselves tofight whatever fire on board.

    4ocabularyaudiovisual fire-warning device 5 dispo6itive audiovideo de prevenire a incendiilor

    dry chemical powder 5 substan7e chimice praffire control panel 5 pupitru de control incendii

    fire equipment 5 echipamenteinstala7ie de incendiu

    fire e+tinguisher 5 sting8torFire "tation 5 punct de lupt8 9mpotriva incendiului

    fire-fighting 5 lupta 9mpotriva incendiilorfire-sensitive area 5 6on8 predispus8 la incendii

    foam fire e+tinguisher 5 sting8tor cu spum8

    heat detector 5 detector de c8ldur8live electrical equipment 5 echipamente electrice sub tensiune

    to muster 5 a se adunapowder fire e+tinguisher 5 sting8tor cu substan7e chimice uscate

    to put out 5 a stinge

    smoke detector 5 detector de fum

    sound the alarm 5 a da alarmasprinkler system 5 sistem de stropire

  • 8/13/2019 Fire Fighting + Alarms on Board


    Alarms on board

    't is important to know which different kinds of alarms there are on board a ship and how torespond to them. )ll alarm signals and indicators must be clearly understood by everyone on board.

    ) general emergency alarm is only given in the case of an emergency to all persons onboard. )ll passengers and crew must get their life-:ackets and go as quickly as possible to their

    Muster and ;oat "tations. hey have to follow the direction indicators to the Muster "tations. )t

    the Muster and ;oat "tations wait for further instructions from the ship