Final Ethnography ENC 1102

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<ul><li><p>7/28/2019 Final Ethnography ENC 1102</p><p> 1/8</p><p>Trials and Tribulations of Past, Present, and Future DentistsKristen Spencer</p><p>ENC 1102 Matthew Bryan</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Final Ethnography ENC 1102</p><p> 2/8</p><p>The Beginning of the Rest of your life; Starts HereThe journey was long but I finally did it. I made it through the four long years of high school and now I</p><p>was off, on my own, to the University of Central Florida for freshman orientation. It was summer 2011 when I</p><p>drove up the winding road that is Central Florida Blvd and my eyes were opened to new beginnings as I entered</p><p>campus. I circled campus in awe of what was in front of me, imagining the new and exciting life that I would</p><p>create in Orlando. I pulled into garage B and followed the signs to the check in center at the Libra Dorms. I wasescorted to the room I was staying, placed my bags down, and jumped on the bed that was up against the white</p><p>brick wall. I took a look around the cold white room and a sea of emotions rushed at me like a tidal wave.</p><p>Sitting in that room by myself was the first time that everything became real for me; in a month in a half Iwould be on my own, making my own decisions, and taking on new responsibilities. With these new</p><p>realizations in tow, I prepared myself for the long weekend I had waiting for me when the sun rose in the</p><p>morning.</p><p>I met up with my friend in the morning and we made our way over to the Student Union for the</p><p>welcome meeting. Front and center, we watched the O-Teamers perform their dance to get the incomingfreshman excited that they chose UCF as their school. After a few presentations we were split off into groupsand given a tour around campus stopping at various landmarks on our way. After a long day of stop and go, we</p><p>came back to the Student Union. We were then split into groups again, but this time it was according to our</p><p>major. I sat timidly in the back row of Sand Key 220 and I paid close attention as Anna Maria Schwindt started</p><p>to talk. Anna Maria is one of the advisors for Biomedical Science majors at UCF; her job is to scare you intodoing your work so you can get into professional school, and let me tell you, she did. As she talked I could feel</p><p>my eyes widening and my heart racing. Am I cut out for this? I thought. Do I have what it takes?</p><p>And at that moment of panic, a calming force came into the room; The Pre-Professional Medical Society(PPMS). As I would find out, The Pre-Professional Medical Society is a club at UCF that caters to all pre-health</p><p>students. At the time the president was Leslie and the Vice-President was Shay and as they gave their</p><p>presentation there was an odd calm in the room. How could the thought of joining a club make everyone seem</p><p>so at ease? The answer is simple. Even though the club pertains the future of students, it is where you can meetnew people and have fun while still doing something to benefit your future. I joined PPMS my freshman year</p><p>and became an honors member and my sophomore year I became a director for the volunteer coordinator.</p><p>Going into my junior year, I was elected president of PPMS; it is exciting to see how the club has grown andhow I have grown with the club.</p><p>Before a student endeavors into a career in dentistry I feel that it is important to understand past</p><p>literacies that evolved into what we study today.</p><p>History of Dentistry</p><p>Dentistry, defined by the American Dental Association, is the evaluation, diagnosis, prevention and/ortreatment (nonsurgical, surgical, or related procedures) of diseases, disorders and/or conditions of the oral</p><p>cavity, maxillofacial area and/or the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body;</p><p>provided by a dentist, within the scope of his/her education, training and experience, in accordance with the</p><p>ethics of the profession and applicable law (ADA 1997). This definition was adopted in 1997 but dentistry hasbeen a practicing art since the early Egyptians (Slavkin 28-35). The first dentist in ancient Egypt was Hesi-Re</p><p>(Slavkin 28-35). He used gold wire to bind replacement teeth together; dated back to 3000 BC (Slavkin 28-35).</p><p>Later evidence of dentistry was discovered in Rome dating back to 700 BC (Slavkin 28-35). The Romans used</p><p>bones, eggshells, and oyster shells mixed with oils to clean teeth (Slavkin 28-35).</p><p>Jumping to 1530, we find the first textbook published about dentistry; originally written in German and</p><p>later translated to English (Woodmansey 1052-61). Dentistry wasnt always an educated profession; dentists</p><p>were trained by apprenticeship with experienced practitioners (Woodmansey 1052-61). It wasnt until 1839 thatthe first dental school, The Baltimore College of Dental Surgery, was opened (Woodmansey 1052-61). Dentists</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Final Ethnography ENC 1102</p><p> 3/8</p><p>were now educated with literacies passed on from generations before and discovering new ones throughout their</p><p>academic journey.</p><p>With the development of dental schools sweeping the nation, new and profound</p><p>dental literacies were also evolving. The first dental journal, American Journal ofDental Science, was published on June 1, 1839 (Woodmansey 1052-61). Spawning</p><p>from this journal came many others containing articles on new treatment plans, disease</p><p>prevention research, new techniques and other similar topics. In todays world there are</p><p>approximately 7,000 new scientific articles written every day pertaining to dentistry(Woodmansey 1052-61).</p><p>Dentistry has evolved tremendously</p><p>from the ancient Egyptians and has been apopular career choice for many undergraduate</p><p>students to pursue. It is a rigorous field to get into and because of that</p><p>the undergraduate work is extensive and can be intimidating to some.</p><p>By using research that I have done and interviews that I conducted, Iwill explain the different literacies associated with the different aspects</p><p>of pursuing dentistry as a career. The overall goal: create a guide that</p><p>inexperienced undergraduate students can use to help them on their pre-</p><p>dental journey by using personal experiences from my interviewees.</p><p>Defining Literacies</p><p>When asked about literacy sponsors pertaining to dentistry, one may not think that there are none.</p><p>However, I can think of several literacy sponsors that have guided me to pursue a career in dentistry. First, letme define a literacy sponsor with the help of Deborah Brandt. Brandt defines a literacy sponsor as a person,</p><p>place, or idea that has influenced the student; the influence can be positive or negative (Brandt 1-24). She</p><p>describes literacy sponsorship and the ideas that they are teaching as a snowball effect in which the student</p><p>can develop (Brandt 1-24).</p><p>When I was four, I went to the dentist for the first time. I was nervous at first but my mom calmed medownby saying that Dr. Johnny was my aunts dentist when she was a little girl. When I was waiting in the</p><p>office my mother asked me if I wanted her to come back with me, Dr. Johnny came out with a big smile on his</p><p>face and a giraffe button on his lab coat and I bravely went back to get my teeth cleaned. I remember sitting inthe huge green chairs asking question after question about what all the different tools were and what they were</p><p>going to do next. From that day forward I always loved going to the dentist. I always prided myself on being the</p><p>self-proclaimed best brusher and cavity free. I even dressed up as a dentist in second grade for Halloween.</p><p>When I entered middle school it was time to go to the other side of the office, the orthodontics side.</p><p>Eric Pleasants article Literacy Sponsors and Learning: An Ethnography of Punk Literacy in Mid-1980s</p><p>Waco, describes the process of studying a subculture (Pleasant 137-144). He states, it is interesting to look at</p><p>the origins of different behaviors, beliefs, terminology, and ultimately all of the different elements that define it.(Pleasant 137-144) My experiences can relate to Pleasant in many ways. When I was in sixth grade I got my</p><p>braces on and I loved seeing the X-rays and the different charts they had showing my progress. I started tovolunteer at the office in high school; this was when I was able to get a feel for what it was like working in a</p><p>dental office. I learned how to set up trays and how to read patient charts. I was also able to get some experience</p><p>with common procedures like bracket and wire changing and I knew that this was the career that I wanted topursue. I have encountered other subcultures throughout my journey in becoming a dentist. Being in the Pre-</p><p>Professional Medical Society has opened many opportunities for me to volunteer at dental clinics and shadow</p><p>dentists in my area. I agree with Pleasant one hundred percent that observing and experiencing subcultures is an</p><p>important aspect in literacy sponsorship.</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Final Ethnography ENC 1102</p><p> 4/8</p><p>Dr Maggie Interview</p><p>When I went back home to Tampa for the summer after freshman year I continued volunteering and</p><p>shadowing at my orthodontist and pediatric dentist office. Going over to the pediatric side of the office I met a</p><p>new face, Dr. Maggie Davis. She is a fairly new graduate of the University of Florida Dental School working atDr. Johnnys office since he retired. Dr. Maggie and I had had an instant connection since she is a young dentist</p><p>and she can relate to the hardships and successes that I am facing in my undergraduate journey. I wanted to</p><p>discuss with her the literacies that she has had through her life and through her undergraduate and dental schoolyears. Since Dr. Maggie is a young dentist, I thought that it would be a good idea to see what literacies she used</p><p>as a guide through school. This is my interview experience with her:</p><p>As I walk up the short sidewalk to the familiar dental office</p><p>my heart flutters with mixed emotions of excitement and</p><p>nervousness. I have been to this office countless times but never forthis kind of reason. With notebook and tape recorder in tow I opened</p><p>the door and approached the long receptionist desk, greeted all the</p><p>friendly faces, and was escorted to the back where Dr. Maggies</p><p>office is. I knocked quietly on the large wooden door and crackedopen the door. I peeked my head through the crack and before I could</p><p>say anything Dr. Maggie stood up and greeted me with a warm smile</p><p>and a big hug. Hi Kristen! So good to see you! How is everythinggoing? she said. I havent seen Dr. Maggie since the summer so it</p><p>was nice to take a couple minutes out of the interview to catch up.</p><p>When the casual chatter comes to an end I began to conduct my</p><p>interview.</p><p>I explained to Dr. Maggie what a literacy sponsor is andasked her to explain what or who she would consider her literacy</p><p>sponsors. She took a few moments to gather her thoughts. Hmm. Let me think about that, she said. I have an</p><p>easy answer to that. I guess it would be my mom kind of indirectly with her exposing us to a lot of books andarticles at a young age. She was always reading to us. So indirectly it would be my mom but it would also be</p><p>textbooks too. But it would be my mom encouraging literacy.</p><p>I then asked her what she would consider her literacy sponsors in her college career and how she knew</p><p>that she wanted to pursue dentistry as a profession. She stated, There was a dentist, Dr. Reyes. They were a</p><p>pair of dentists and I shadowed in their office. They showed me what the life of a dentist was.Most of Dr.Maggies literacy sponsors that she can recall are all people. When she was in dental school there was a</p><p>particular professor, Dr. Silva, who was more than just a teacher to her; she was a mentor. One of the biggest</p><p>things that Dr. Silva taught Dr. Maggie was how to read research articles and distinguish between good scienceand bad science. Deborah Brandt, in her article The Sponsors of Literacy, tells the story of Raymond Branch,</p><p>a successful freelance writer of software and software documentation and the sponsors that led to his success</p><p>(Brandt 1-24). Dr. Maggies sponsor of Dr. Reyes is similar to Brachs top of the line teaching staff and well</p><p>equipped laboratories that he credits as the sponsors that led to his success (Brandt 1-24).</p><p>Dr. Maggie did not go in depth about how Dr. Silva said to read research journals so I decided to dosome research and figure out the correct way of distinguishing between good and bad science. Through my</p><p>research I found an exercise on how to read scientific research articles that was done at the University of Texas</p><p>in 2009. Roxanne Bogucka and Emily Wood are the authors of this study; both are science instruction librarianswho made the same observation. They observed that undergraduate students are generally unfamiliar with</p><p>scientific literature and they attempt to read scientific journals straight through, like they would anything else</p><p>(Bogucka, and Wood). However, this is not the way that students should tackle a scientific journal (Bogucka,</p><p>and Wood). In this exercise, the librarians paired students up and then split up the sections of the scientificjournal (Bogucka, and Wood). The students then had to read, take notes, and discuss with other members in</p><p>order to understand and compare their understanding of the journal (Bogucka, and Wood). The overall focus of</p></li><li><p>7/28/2019 Final Ethnography ENC 1102</p><p> 5/8</p><p>this exercise was to reinforce the students critical evaluation skills by giving them a reading strategy that</p><p>pertained to their particular section of the article (Bogucka, and Wood). From this exercise, students showed abetter grasp of the material (Bogucka, and Wood). Students were able to read articles quicker and more</p><p>efficiently and they felt confident in their abilities to distinguish good science from bad science (Bogucka, and</p><p>Wood).</p><p>The biggest question that I had was if she knew that she always wanted to be a pediatric dentist or if</p><p>different specialties or fields interested her. She explains that in undergraduate school she shadowed doctors,</p><p>dentists, and physical therapists trying to figure out what she wanted to do. After shadowing the dentists inGainesville, she knew that she wanted to pursue dentistry as a career. When she was in dental school she had to</p><p>decide what specialty piqued her interest the most. I think just about everything interested me when I starteddental school she said. I took electives that would give me a boost into all of the specialties. And when I did</p><p>that I loved all aspects of pediatric dentistry opposed to just a few like in the specialties. She recalls a mission</p><p>trip that changed her whole mind set. Dr. Maggie said It wasnt until I was in dental school and I went on a</p><p>mission trip to the Dominican Republic and I worked with a lot of kids there. That was what solidified that I</p><p>wanted to be a pediatric dentist.</p><p>Dont Worry, We have Tips!</p><p>I thought it would be useful to interview pre-</p><p>dental students to get their story about their journey and</p><p>to have them be literacy sponsors for my audience. Thefirst undergraduate student that I interviewed was Ross</p><p>Ruder. He is a third year undergrad student here at the</p><p>University of Central Florida majoring in Biology with a</p><p>minor in Art.</p><p>R...</p></li></ul>