Final Draft Rationale Paper March 15

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Text of Final Draft Rationale Paper March 15

My Journey in Mastering Educational Technology: Rationale Paper for EdTech 592Kimberly Hefty, Spring 2015Director/Owner Sammamish MathematicsI have been a mathematics instructor for 23 years. I have taught public middle school, high school, and college level mathematics. Thirteen years ago I started a private online tutoring business. I exclusively support and tutor local students who are taking DLD, Digital Learning, online mathematics. Working with students taking courses exclusively online made me realize the deficits in my personal and professional technology skills. Three years ago I enrolled in the M.E.T. program at Boise State University to help me better serve my students.The Masters of Educational Technology (M.E.T.) program requires an ePortfolio which presents the collection of artifacts that I have collected and aligned to the new AECT for the past three years. As part of this program I am also completing an Online Teaching Certificate for teachers of K-12 students. My paper is organized by the Association of Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) standards. I will explain why I selected each artifact, what I learned from the creation of it, how it reflects mastery of the various AECT indicators of each standard, how it connects to various learning theories and best practices in education, and how I have or will use it in my professional line of work.STANDARD 1 - CONTENT KNOWLEDGECandidates demonstrate the knowledge necessary to create, use, assess, and manage theoretical and practical applications of educational technologies and processes.Indicators:CreatingCandidates demonstrate the ability to create instructional materials and learning environments using a variety of systems approaches.For this indicator I selected EdTech 502: WebQuest. This project was coded by hand, not a template. I clearly demonstrated the ability to not only develop content but the ability to create the learning environment. This shows how my HTML/CSS web-design skills improved since my early pages it also demonstrates how I was able to use those skills to create a multi-layered learning activity. WebQuest are an inquiry-based learning style that can foster collaboration, boost technology skills, and integrate technology into learning (Abbitt & Ophus, 2008). According to Abbitt & Ophus (2008), ...factors those often precede or promote learning, such as increased motivation and the integration of technology into teaching and learning, can be positively influenced by using WebQuests (p.454). The site is visible and viable on any device. The purpose of this WebQuest was to create a deeper understanding of statistics. The intention of the project was for the students to analyze and interpret qualifying statistical data. I was able to use this project with my sons advanced math class. UsingCandidates demonstrate the ability to select and use technological resources and processes to support student learning and to enhance their pedagogy.For this indicator I selected EdTech 521: Scavenger Hunt. This scavenger hunt was designed for high school students taking an online course through the ISD. It was designed to help them learn more about communicating in cyberspace. Internet scavenger hunts use the Internet to find answers to questions. This Internet scavenger hunt is a fun way to learn about the expectations for a course. My target audience for this assignment was students. I met this standard by selecting and using multiple technological resources and processes to support student learning and to enhance their pedagogy. This activity was used by my students to determine their readiness for online learning. I have shared this with the local district and they have created a modified version for all students.Assessing/EvaluatingCandidates demonstrate the ability to assess and evaluate the effective integration of appropriate technologies and instructional materials For this indicator I selected EdTech541: Relative Advantage of Technology in the Content Area (Mathematics). This assignment was to show how technology can be effectively integrated in the mathematics classroom. Pogrow (2004) describes how integrating technology into grades 4-9 mathematics classes can create a new, more powerful, and dramatic way to present mathematical concepts in ways that allow students to construct an intuitive sense of how to apply them (p.7). He asserts that technology can be used to present a variety of fantasy settings in which dilemmas arise and the curriculum and teacher bring in the math concepts to resolve the dilemma. In addition, technology can be used to present mental models which will allow students to learn how to solve almost any story problem. Through this assignment I demonstrated how research can foster deeper understanding of the benefits and advantages of incorporating technology in content areas. I was able to gain a deeper understanding of how my lesson plans can be adapted, using technology, to fit all of my students learning needs. This allows for Cognitivism instructional design theory that analyzes what particular tasks will be successful in understanding information ManagingCandidates demonstrate the ability to effectively manage people, processes, physical infrastructures, and financial resources to achieve predetermined goals. For this indicator I selected two artifacts: EdTech505: Final Project & EdTech 505: Far West Lab Proposal. Both of these projects demonstrate all of the elements of managing. Throughout the projects, evaluation management techniques were illustrated through assigned roles and responsibilities, meetings with key stakeholders, and a budget that was clearly defined. Project management involves planning, monitoring, and controlling instructional design and development projects. Through the process and activity of planning, organizing, motivating, and controlling resources, procedures and protocols I was able to improve my tutoring business. Utilizing effective management techniques, such as planning and monitoring of my employees I was able to grow and improve my company. Through the management of my evaluation process ability to create and maintain a budget I was able to grow my company from a sole proprietorship to an LLC to an S-Corp over the past three years. Evaluation is the systematic process of collecting data to identify the strengths and weaknesses of a particular program (Boulmetis & Dutwin, 2011, p. 58). As a business owner I need to prove my ability to successfully manage a company and students to my parents, district partners and accountant. The management, planning and oversight of my Ed Tech 505 Far West Lab Report and final project allowed me the opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of my management skills to supporting students in the DLD classes.EthicsCandidates demonstrate the contemporary professional ethics of the field as defined and developed by the Association for Educational Communications and Technology.For this indicator I chose EdTech537: Full Disclosure Statement. Honesty and disclosure is a cornerstone of ethics, especially in education. Steele (1975) states We are rewarded and punished for what we disclose, not for the absolute realities of what we are and do (p. 5). Many people advocate openness and free discussion, but disclosure goes farther than this. For educators it is important to let parents and administrators know if they have other interests which could impact their students. I have found it to be very important to let my students and parents know when I have a vested interest, personally or financially, when directing them to any site or referring them to another tutor or agency. I have also incorporated the full disclosure policy in my introduction letter to parents, notifying them that I do not work for, nor am I affiliated in any way with the local school district or the DLD providers that I recommend.STANDARD 2 - CONTENT PEDAGOGYCandidates develop as reflective practitioners able to demonstrate effective implementation of educational technologies and processes based on contemporary content and pedagogy.Indicators:CreatingCandidates apply content pedagogy to create appropriate applications of processes and technologies to improve learning and performance outcomes.For this indicator I selected EdTech541: Content Area Learning Activity Mobile Learning. This lesson fully demonstrates my ability to use multiple technology platforms (cell phones and iPads and multiple apps) into a cohesive lesson. Students used a variety of models (e.g., written statement, algebraic formula, table of input-output values, graph) to represent the two cell phone plans they chose to evaluate. Students completed an initial worksheet with partners and then evaluated two additional plans by themselves for assessment. Teachers must be careful when implementing technology in mathematics instruction and be aware of the numerous pitfalls, such as accountability and the ongoing math wars debate. However, the benefits of including technology greatly outweigh the costs and, as Robyler and Doering (2013) state, technology can serve as a catalyst to move teachers toward an instructional style that is more student centered (p. 310). Since I do not control any aspect of my current students curriculum I am not able to fully incorporate this into my teaching; however, I am able to extrapolate the concept to creating optional reviews for my students.UsingCandidates implement appropriate educational technologies and processes based on appropriate content pedagogy.For this artifact I selected EdTech541: Internet Enriched Lesson Algebra 2. This lesson is specifically designed based on best practices, especially collaborative learning. Palloff & Pratt (2007) state, from the earliest explorations in online educational theory and practice, collaborative learning has been the most powerful principle of online cou