Figure 44.0 Fox in snow. Figure 44.1 Regulators and conformers

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Text of Figure 44.0 Fox in snow. Figure 44.1 Regulators and conformers

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Figure 44.0 Fox in snow Slide 2 Figure 44.1 Regulators and conformers Slide 3 Figure 44.2 A partial energy and material bookkeeping for ten years in the life of a young woman Slide 4 Figure 44.3 Heat exchange between an organism and its environment Slide 5 Figure 44.3x Heat exchange Slide 6 Figure 44.4 The relationship between body temperature and ambient (environmental) temperature in an ectotherm and an endotherm Slide 7 Figure 44.5 Countercurrent heat exchangers Slide 8 Figure 44.6 Skin as an organ of thermoregulation Slide 9 Figure 44.6x Skin, cross section Slide 10 Figure 44.x1 Harbor seal Slide 11 Figure 44.7x Behavioral adaptation for thermoregulation Slide 12 Figure 44.8 Thermoregulation in large, active fishes Slide 13 Figure 44.9 Thermoregulation in moths Slide 14 Figure 44.10 The thermostat function of the hypothalamus and feedback mechanisms in human thermoregulation Slide 15 Figure 44.11 Body temperature and metabolism during hibernation of Beldings ground squirrel Slide 16 Figure 44.12 Salt-excreting glands in birds Slide 17 Figure 44.13 Nitrogenous wastes Slide 18 Figure 44.14a Osmoregulation in a saltwater fish Slide 19 Figure 44.14b Osmoregulation in a freshwater fish Slide 20 Figure 44.15 Anhydrobiosis: Hydrated tardigrade (left), dehydrated tardigrade (right) Slide 21 Figure 44.16 Water balance in two terrestrial mammals Slide 22 Figure 44.17 Key functions of excretory systems: an overview Slide 23 Figure 44.18 Protonephridia: the flame-bulb system of a planarian Slide 24 Figure 44.19 Metanephridia of an earthworm Slide 25 Figure 44.20 Malpighian tubules of insects Slide 26 Figure 44.21 The human excretory system at four size scales Slide 27 Figure 44.22 The nephron and collecting duct: regional functions of the transport epithelium Slide 28 Figure 44.23 How the human kidney concentrates urine: the two-solute model (Layer 1) Slide 29 Figure 44.23 How the human kidney concentrates urine: the two-solute model (Layer 2) Slide 30 Figure 44.23 How the human kidney concentrates urine: the two-solute model (Layer 3) Slide 31 Figure 44.24 Hormonal control of the kidney by negative feedback circuits Slide 32 Figure 44.25 A vampire bat (Desmodus rotundas), a mammal with a unique excretory situation