Text of FASH 15 textiles introduction to textiles. textiles & textile products textile: originally applied...
FASH 15 textiles introduction to textiles
textiles & textile products textile: originally applied to woven fabrics now generally applied to any flexible material that is composed of: thin films of polymers fibers, yarns, or fabrics products made of films, fibers, yarns or fabrics
textiles & textile products polymer: very large molecule made by connecting many small molecules together almost all fibers are polymers made of organic materials some polymers are formed into thin films and used as textiles EXAMPLE: vinyl upholstery is a film, often applied to a more traditional textile knit or woven material for added durability
textiles & textile products fiber: natural or manufactured smallest componenthairlike in naturethat can be separated from a fabric can be: absorbentcotton or rayon stretchyspandex warm & bulkywool very strong & abrasion resistantnylon or polyester
textiles & textile products yarn: assemblage of fibers twisted or laid together to form a continuous strand that can be made into a textile fabric can be used to make fabric: smooth & slicksatin soft & fuzzybrushed denim
textiles & textile products fabric: flexible planar substance constructed from solutions, fibers, yarns, or fabrics in any combination range from: lightweight and sheerchiffon heavy and sturdydenim rigid and firmcarpeting
textiles & textile products participation activity: using the provided fabric swatch, dismantle the fabric so you have a fiber and a yarn. describe the differences and similarities between these components: fabric, fiber, yarn identify an end use that would be appropriate for this fabric; explain your reasoning
textiles & textile products gray goods (also grey or greige goods): any fabric that has not been finished consumers rarely see gray goods except for muslin
textiles & textile products coloration: any dyeing or printing process used to add color with dyes or pigments to a textile adds interest and fashion appeal to apparel and interiors http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cFH5ijdhu4A http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6PUZRhskYN0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7z6B7ismg3k
textiles & textile products finish: any process that modifies appearance or enhance performance of gray goods comfortbrushing velveteen to make softer surface performancestain-resistance
textiles & textile products soft goods: products constructed of textiles and other flexible materials including apparel, interior textiles & technical textiles
textiles & textile products smart textiles: AKA smart fabrics, interactive textiles, intelligent textiles sense & react to the environment or stimuli of an electrical, chemical, thermal, mechanical, magnetic or other nature examples: deliver medication in slow controlled doses monitor pulse and body temp promote safetyseat occupancy in vehicles promote comfortpromote heat loss in warm weather, minimize heat loss in cool temps
textiles & textile products technical or industrial textiles: include a broad range of materials that are widely used in special applications of a technical nature generally not considered apparel or interiors contribute to quality of life automotive industry: tire cordssmooth ride seat upholstery & carpetingcomfort, style, easy care head liners & window runnersnoise reduction, finished interiors seat belts and shoulder harnesses--safety
textiles & textile products: technical or industrial textiles
textiles & textile products participation activity: make a list of the textile products you have used today group your list by apparel, interior textiles or technical textiles (chart on pg. 8) compare your list with 2-3 other peoplewhat do you have in common? uncommon? answer the following questions: How do textiles contribute to your quality of life? What parts of your day would not have been possible without these textile products?
textiles & textile products: the global textile complex
textiles & textile products the global textile complex What countries are you representing today?