Extra Curricular Activities TRAINING BIRDVILLE ISD

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  • Extra Curricular Activities TRAINING BIRDVILLE ISD
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  • Senate Bill 82 mandates that students involved in extracurricular athletic activities receive training in the recognition of medical conditions that may arise in their competitions.
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  • Head/Spine Injuries
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  • Signs of a Concussion Headache Blurred Vision Double Vision Nausea Vomiting Dilated Pupils Vacant stares. Delayed verbal and motor responses. Confusion and inability to focus. Disorientation. Slurred or incoherent speech. Memory Loss Disorientation Improper Balance Emotional Changes Combativeness Irrationality Gross observable in coordination. Inappropriate emotions or outbursts. Memory deficits. Any period of unconsciousness Signs and Symptoms
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  • Concussions Grade 1 No loss of consciousness, transient confusion, quick recovery (less than 15 minutes. Grade 2 Same as grade 1 with recovery over 15 minutes. Grade 3 Any loss of consciousness. Grading
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  • Concussions Remove from contest. Periodically recheck for change in condition. Physician may allow return to play. Call 911 for all grade 3 concussions immediately. Treatment
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  • Second Impact Syndrome Definition: A condition in which the brain swells rapidly and catastrophically after a person suffers a second concussion before symptoms from an earlier concussion have subsided. SIS may develop when a second blow to the head occurs days or weeks after an initial concussion. Even the mildest grade of concussion can lead to SIS The condition is often fatal, and almost everyone that is not killed by it is severely disabled. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=du_qiQ96 ddk
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  • Second Impact Syndrome If an athletes concussion: 1.) Involves loss of consciousness, for ANY period of time. 2.) Doesn't "clear" in 15 minutes 3.) Is not the athletes first SHOULD NOT RETURN TO PLAY UNTIL MEDICAL CLEARANCE IS OBTAINED Follow proper guidelines for returning to play after a concussion
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  • Spinal Injuries Do not move victim. Call 911 immediately. Stabilize head and neck in position found. If victim begins to vomit, log roll to one side. Assess for motor function in fingers and toes. Document any tingling or numbness in appendages. Keep victim calm. Procedures
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  • Asthma
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  • Noted by a wheezing sound when breathing. Tightness in the chest with difficulty breathing. Rapid, shallow breaths. Mucus, fluids in mouth, nose, and throat. Closed, occluded airways. Nasal flaring. May include a panic type attack. Signs of Asthma
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  • Asthma Cold air Low humidity Airborne particles and pollutants Inhaled allergens Dust Respiratory infections - a recent cold or asthma episode Stimulants that contribute to :
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  • Asthma Athletes with asthma should have access to their own inhaler. Remain calm. Do not use OTC inhalers.. Treatment
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  • Heart Attack
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  • Persistent chest pain lasting longer than 15 minutes. Heavy pressure in chest. Denial. Profuse sweating. Jaw pain. Heartburn and/or indigestion. Arm and back pain especially on the left side. Upper back pain. General malaise or feeling of illness.malaise Nausea. Shortness of breath. Signs and Symptoms
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  • Heart Attack Call 911 immediately. Treat for shock. Allow victim to rest in a position of comfort. Monitor ABCs. Keep the victim calm. Treatment
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  • Temperature Related Emergencies Areas of concern Heat Cramps Heat Exhaustion Heat Stroke Heat Injuries
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  • Temperature Related Emergencies The main causes of heat injuries are : Inadequate fluid replacement Inadequate conditioning Overweight Temperature/humidity too high. Workout not paced for temperature/humidity Previous heat problems Medications Heat Injuries
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  • Temperature Related Emergencies Symptoms of Heat Stroke Altered mental status Sweating stops in the heat Throbbing headache Nausea Flushed or hot dry skin, which may be red, mottled or bluish Elevated core body temperature Disorientation and confusion Possible loss of consciousness, convulsions or coma. The victim may become a fatality if not treated immediately. Heat Stroke
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  • Temperature Related Emergencies Treatment Follow the same guidelines as heat exhaustion but with a noted exception: Call 911 immediately. You MUST get victims body temperature down- especially in the head and core. This is a life threatening condition and death is common for this condition if left untreated for even shortest periods of time. Heat Stroke
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  • Temperature Related Emergencies Adequate fluid replacement Pace workout to ability/conditioning/environment Proper clothing Be in good shapecondition for your sport Tell athletic trainer if you are on any medication. Prevention of Heat Injuries
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  • What is MRSA? Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Type of staph infection that is resistant to betalactam antibiotics Methicillin, Oxacillin, Penicillin, and Amoxicillin
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  • MRSA Infection associated with longer hospital stays, higher mortality rates, and increased health care costs Historically this infection was only Associated with hospitals or long-term health care facilities In hospitals, MRSA has been a problem since the 1960s
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  • STAPH-MRSA The occurrence of MRSA is on the rise. Over the past several years, MRSA has become a concern among the athletic community, especially among participants of close contact sports.
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  • HOW IS IT SPREAD? Most commonly spread through direct physical contact with an infected person. Transmission can also spread through contact with objects/surfaces that have become contaminated with MRSA.
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  • PREVENTION Athletes Should: Shower daily with soap and warm water, especially after practice events and competitions Wash hands with soap and warm water frequently. If proper hand washing facilities are not available, a waterless alcohol based hand sanitizer is an acceptable alternative. Do not share personal items with others. Personal items include, but are not limited to; sporting equipment, clothes, towels, razors and uniforms.
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  • STAPH Athletes with draining wounds or infections are not allowed to participate in practices or games until the wound has stopped draining. Because some staph infections may be difficult to treat, this may be a few weeks or longer. Report all wounds and skin lesions to trainers!
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  • State Law provides that bodybuilding, muscle enhancement, or increasing muscle bulk or strength through the use of an anabolic steroid or human growth hormone by a person who is in good health is not a valid medical purpose.
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  • A violation of State Law concerning anabolic steroids or human growth hormones is a criminal offense punishable by confinement in jail of imprisonment in the Texas Department of Corrections. a.An offense under this section is a Class C misdemeanor.
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  • Signs and Symptoms of Steroid Use Males Baldness Development of breasts (Gynocomastia) Painful erections Shrinkage of testicles Loss of testicular function
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  • Signs and Symptoms of Steroid Use Females Growth of facial and body hair Deepened voice Breast reduction Enlarged clitoris Menstrual irregularities
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  • Signs of use in Both Sexes Acne (Particularly on the back) High blood pressure Yellowing of the skin Aching joints Fluid retention Change of facial structure Aggressive behavior (Roid rage) In some cases, depression as a result of stopping the use of steroids Rapid weight gain in a short period of time Dramatic increases in strength Bad breath Trembling Increased risk to infection, HIV/AIDS, and hepatitis because of dirty needles or needle sharing
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  • Long Term Consequences of Steroid Use Cardiovascular disease (Effect of cholesterol levels in the blood) Increased risk of tendon injuries Increased risk of liver tumors Stunted growth due to the premature closure of growth plates in adolescents Increased risk of stroke Increased risk of prostate, liver, and kidney cancer Osteoporosis
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  • Other Nutritional Supplements Creatine Creatine has received very little scientific study. Side Effects include abdominal painabdominal pain nausea loose stools increase in weight muscle cramps, and muscle strains. dehydration and even death may occurdehydration
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  • Ephedra one of the most dangerous of the dietary supplements.dietary supplements Responsible for more than 50 deaths significant effects such as heart attack, stroke, seizures, psychosis, and death Often advertised as naturally occuring.
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  • Caffeine Most popular energy drinks contain high levels of caffeine at high doses it poses a number of risk