Explain what forces united the Greek city-states Identify : the impact of the Persian Wars on Greece Battle of Marathon Battle of Thermopylae Battle of

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  • Explain what forces united the Greek city-states Identify : the impact of the Persian Wars on Greece Battle of Marathon Battle of Thermopylae Battle of Salamis Battle of Platea Delian League I can define: Alliance
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  • Barbarians
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  • Athens
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  • Persians The Ionian Greeks rebel against Persian rule. Athens send some ships to help.(Made Darius angry!!) Persians greatly out number Greeks, but the Greeks are fighting for their homeland. Persians retreat
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  • Ionian Greeks in Asia Minor try to overthrow Persian rule. Athens aids revolting cities These ships were the beginning of mischief both to the Greeks and to the barbarians -Herodotus Persians seek revenge King Darius leads an invasion of Greece (491 BC) Master, remember the Athenians
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  • First Persian War (491-490 BC) Battle of Marathon Persian fleet lands at Marathon. Amphibious Invasion (sea to land) Athenians greatly outnumbered by Persian army Broke through lines, fought hand to hand Forces: Athenians = 10,000 + 1,000 Plataens Persians = 20,000 60,000 Infantry, 1000 Cavalry
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  • Phidippides runs to Athens, 26.2 miles away, cries out Rejoice we are victorious! NIKE!, NIKE!, NIKE! http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=geR3BrcWSt0
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  • collapses and dies. This made Darius so mad, that he invades Greece.
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  • Second Persian War (480-479 BC) Battle of Thermopylae Leaders Persian King Xerxes Second Persian War (480- 479 BC) Battle of ThermopylaeSpartan Leonidas Athenian Themistocles Athenians/Spartans combined together with 29 other city-states under leadership of Sparta
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  • **Xerxes-Dariuss son takes over after Dariuss death. Sends a large army to defeat the Greeks. Land at Thermoplylae a small mountain pass. **Persians defeat the Greeks.*** A Greek traitor showed the Persians a weak spot in the Greek army.
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  • Double-envelopment/double pincer strategy Greeks Victorious 6,400 Persians die 192 Athenians die Athenians march to Athens to prevent Persian landing. Themistocles urged Athenians to build fleet of warships and prepare for Persians return
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  • Here they defended themselves to the last, such as still had swords using them, and the others resisting with their hands and teeth, til the barbarians who now encircled them upon every side, overwhelmed and buried the remnant that was left beneath the showers of missile weapons -Herodotus
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  • Thermopylae Spartans hold pass long enough for Greeks to retreat, defending it to the last man moral victory 300 Spartans die and most Greek allies 20,000 Persians die A Spartan leaves the field with his shield or upon it Held off Persians long enough for Athenians to evacuate to Salamis before Athens is burned.
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  • What About 300? Background is true Roots in the History of Herodotus The Spartans did NOT fight alone Spartans portrayed fairly accurate No Monsters! The Immortals were real Persian soldiers P.S. You are still too young to see this movie! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HdNn5TZu6R8
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  • Battle of Salamis (480 B.C.) Athenians use their navy to lure Persian ships into the narrow straits of Salamis
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  • Battle of Salamis: Persian Defeat Greek used underwater battering rams on their ships to sink Persian ships Speed, maneuverability of Greek ships and knowledge of the waters
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  • Spartans defeat the Persians and force them out of Greece. Greeks felt that the gods had protected them.
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  • Persia invades and burns Athens Athenians had already fled the city. Lure the Persians to a narrow strait of Salamis Athenian rowers drove into Persian boats with battering rams Fleet was defeated
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  • Athens forms alliances with 150 other city states Each state contributes ships, soldiers, and money Athens richest, so they dominate. Use the money to rebuild Athens.
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  • Explain what forces united the Greek city-statesNationalism against Persia Identify the impact of the Persian Wars on Greece Unified Greek city states Battle of Marathon--- Greeks defeat Persians Battle of Thermopylae--- Xerxes defeats the Greeks Battle of Salamis--- naval battle won by Athens Battle of Platea Sparta defeats Persia Delian League Athens and her allies I can define: Alliance--- groups who agree to work together