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Executive Protection - A Practitioner’s Overview

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Executive Protection - A Practitioner’s Overview Presented by Robert D. Shuster
Course Overview
Surveillance Detection Route Planning / Unpredictability Counter-Surveillance Protective Intelligence Operational Security “Perimeters” of Protection Advance Security Surveys
Course Overview (cont.)
Types of Protective Details Limited Personnel Operations Weapons – Use and Value Protective Mindset Protective Operations
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Protective Vehicular Operations Command Post Operations Emergency Evacuation Plans / Medical Evacuations Personal Relationship Control Protective Courtesies EP as a Small Business
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Job description
Review the differences in operating tactics from other types of security or law enforcement
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Compare the various types of protective details
Overview of skill sets required
Operational Uniqueness
PROACTIVE
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Take charge and gain control of the situation
Often investigate after the fact
Use weapons from behind cover
Take charge and control of the protectee
Protective advances - think ahead to prevent / avoid / divert
They are the cover – weapon limited
Target Selection Criteria
Politics or controversy
Target Selection Criteria (cont.)
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Accessibility ease of approach without challenge
Recuperability – can organization easily recuperate
Vulnerability – vulnerable to assault planned
Effect – effects of the assault
Risk – risks relative to the gain
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Unpredictability
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Evident that security effort is put forth
Continuing protective intelligence
Continuing surveillance awareness
Maintain operational security
Surveillance Objectives
Pick a target from set of equally valuable ones using risk reward balance/easiest/predictable
Pinpoint selected target - place and time that is predictable and conducive to the assault to be
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predictable and conducive to the assault to be attempted
Seeking a comfortable enough environment within which to attack
Surveillance Methods and Tactics
Usually not as sophisticated and easier to spot
No community cooperation
Following on typical daily routes
Static observation around home or office
Some mobile observation on routes
Inquiries at home, office, or on internet
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Methods
VehicularVehicular - Cars, trucks, vans, bicycles,
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VehicularVehicular Cars, trucks, vans, bicycles, motorcycles, aircrafts, boats
StaticStatic - Observation posts, stake-outs, technical (electronic)
Surveillance Methods and Tactics (cont.)
Techniques For Foot Surveillance
Three-Man or “ABC” Surveillance
Techniques for Vehicle Surveillance
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Loose Surveillance
Harder to detect
Harder to detect
Easier to detect
Target Vulnerability Assessment
Residential - the most difficult areas in which to operate
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Office - usually easier to observe because there are more opportunities to blend
Surveillants - find a location to monitor activity at the residence or office without being detected
Surveillance Methods and Tactics (cont.)
Route Analysis
Choke points
Hobbies and Family Activities
Are there routine activities
Degree of public exposure
Degree of public exposure
Possible source of information
Surveillance Methods and Tactics (cont.)
Collect Information and Document Activity
Trash, pretext calls, door to door ruses (surveys, sales calls, servicemen…)
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Video and still photography
Personal descriptions/vehicle descriptions
Maps of routes
Any protective practices
Out of place for the environment
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Strange behavior or actions – people who act like they’ve been caught doing something
e.g. quick reversal, quick look away, walking fast while looking across the street
People taking photographs of your home
especially from inside a vehicle
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Where Should You be Looking?
Around home, office parking lots, and “choke points” or funnels in between
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Daily commuting routes
Frequently visited locations
Most executive kidnappings have been carried out in the driveways or parking lots upon exit or approach of vehicle / you’re distracted!
Surveillance Detection (cont.)
Surveillance Detection (cont.)
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Surveillance Detection (cont.)
Surveillance Detection (cont.)
Channeling
Counter-surveillance
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Parking in prohibited zones
Stopping and starting correlations
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Passing and parking frequently
Erratic moves in traffic
Flashing lights between vehicles
Constant distancing and ducking
Surveillance Detection (cont.)
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Counter-Surveillance
Active counter-surveillance (C/S) - implemented if it does not jeopardize the security mission
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Active C/S should be conducted by a C/S team and not by those working close protection
Have C/S team or agent notify local police
Counter-Surveillance (cont.)
Stationary C/S points along the traveled routes
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Stationary C/S points along the traveled routes record license plates / descriptions of suspicious vehicles following the motorcade
Conducted for several days to compare and evaluate observations of any recurring vehicles or individuals
Route Planning / Unpredictability
Route variance – how many?
Time variance – how much?
Create an unacceptable window of discomfort
A protective level of unpredictability incorporates 2-3 different routes and a 1-1.5 hour time window
Modify your route once out of immediate neighborhood and vary departure/arrival times
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Route Planning / Unpredictability (cont.)
Protective Intelligence
Any information that assists in making mission decisions and designing protective security measures
Identifies and evaluates persons, groups, or
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activities which may present a danger to the protectee
Increases agent knowledge of the environments
Sources of information are limited only by your imagination
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Vehicle rotation if possible
Don’t share with others unless necessary for operation
Don’t discuss special equipment if any
Don’t discuss spending, travel, life-style habits, etc.
“Perimeters” of Protection
inner most circle - the protective escort agent(s)
th t i l th i di t it i t
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the next circle - the immediate security perimeter
the third - advance work/planning/protective intelligence
Even small 1-2 person protection teams can have these circles with assistance from other sources
Remember that people have to want to help you
Advance Security Surveys
Affect those conditions through preparation
Foresee problems and take steps to prevent or
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Foresee problems and take steps to prevent or minimize - better than reacting to them when you arrive
Trip advances - done to coordinate out of town travel
Site advances - done to coordinate sites visited on those trips or during local everyday movements
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Pre-trip country or city research and intelligence
Airport advance – both ends
Airport advance both ends
Hotel advance – other lodging
Site visit advance(s) – meetings/events/meals/entertainment
Advance Security Surveys (cont.) General Components of Trip Advances: (cont.)
Ground transportation coordination – route planning / route running
E i di ti
Emergency service coordination
Other entity coordination – host venue, local police, other security involved, etc.
Possible country evacuation
Routes with alternates to the location
Preferred arrival points – vehicular and on foot
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Secured vehicle parking
Security posting – access control
Primary occupancy area for visit – seating, stage, crowd expected, etc.
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Expected agenda and duration of the visit
Amenities – restroom, safe holding area, VIP area, etc.
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Amenities restroom, safe holding area, VIP area, etc.
Coordination with any other entities – host groups, law enforcement, venue security, company associates, etc.
Emergency evacuation routes
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Full daytime activity protection without residential – local only or including travel
Portal to portal – limited duration protection – local only – single protectee
Executive travel only
Multiple Protectees
Visiting protectee – portal to portal – event related
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Visiting protectee portal to portal event related
Recurring or one time visits
Security driver only for a quick city visit
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Types of Protective Details (cont.) General Dynamics of 24/7 Protection
Single protectee and family – relationship develops
Routine patterns becomes a challenge - protectee must work with the detail on unpredictability
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p y
In the home and office environment – privacy balanced with good security
Travel with the executive - maybe continued residence security while the executive is away
Executive choice vs. board choice
Level of cooperation may differ
Types of Protective Details (cont.) General Dynamics of Part-Time Protection
Different protectees or repeat visits by the same
Relationship development limited
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Reduced danger of routine patterns
Usually not in the home or office environment – but privacy still an issue
Usually an organizational requirement for the engagement as opposed to personal choice
Executive usually cooperative because of the nature and cause for the temporary protection
Limited Personnel Operations
Remember Your Priorities and Mission Objectives
Highest priority - the ability to cover and evacuate the principle from danger
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A very close second - never having to do so because you have pre-empted trouble through good advance preparation
How do you work a protective detail by yourself?
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Limited Personnel Operations (cont.)
Consider the “Leapfrogging” Method
Continually hopping out in front of a protectee’s vehicular movements - meeting curbside for escort
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Once the next movement is at hand, you hop out ahead again - continues throughout the day
Leaves time during the day without physically being near the protectee
Which is more dangerous – leaving coverage gaps or having movements into unadvanced locations
Limited Personnel Operations (cont.)
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Discuss what the protectee is more comfortable with
Use other resources like location security, other staffers, executive drivers, etc. to gather advance information
Use any form of assistance that is available to you corporate resources / contracted resources / staff
Limited Personnel Operations (cont.)
Two Agents
Two dedicated agents – one remains with the protectee and one on continual advance movement
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Occasional double coverage if possible in between
Factors which will vary your approach - specific circumstance/location/event/routine/visibility/profile/ many others
There is no one best way
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Inner circle protective personnel - firearms are not recommended
Cover with your body and evacuate the protectee out of the situation
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Do not shoot it out and draw fire towards the protectee
Only exterior perimeter personnel away from the inner formation should be armed
Must attempt to draw fire away from the formation – not shoot in place
Protective Mindset
Constant concentration
No daydreaming
Focus on surroundings
Mental Awareness Drills
Do I know what is right outside my immediate environment
Am I ready for our next movement
Protective Operations
Spacing – reaction and discretion
Unobtrusive – low key
See first/enter first
Occupied area/immediate surroundings
Best positions/best compromises
360 visual responsibility divided
Communication with any
team members
Communication with vehicles
one else helping
Communication with driver
Box Formation
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Stairway Positioning
Escalator
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Fence Line Situation
Receiving Line
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Stage
Protective Operations (cont.)
Close in assault response
Emergency situational assessment
Agent to CP – radios, cell phones, written reports
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CP to corporate security – cell phones, written reports, logs, etc.
Emergency services – cell phones, visits
Protective Operations (cont.) Residential Concerns
Physical security/access control
Family security procedures
Law enforcement response
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Managing the drivers
Protective motorcade operations
Evasive driver training
Advance agent meeting curbside
Advance agent meeting curbside
Communication with the drivers
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Command Post Operations
Center of communication, documentation, equipment, camera monitoring, intelligence and logistics for the detail
Set up in the basement / garage of protectee’s home
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Set up in the basement / garage of protectee s home
Team member dedicated to staffing the CP - coordinates all team communications and tracks whereabouts of the detail – active post
Coordinates with family on all visitors or service
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Alternate location if protective operations are not 24/7
Located on the executive floor near the protectee’s office
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Center for communication, documentation, executive transportation, travel coordination and planning of the executives daily movements
Coordination with executive assistant
Typically in a hotel room – adjacent to protectee’s room
If mobile perimeter cameras are set up - CP agent will monitor those as well – active post
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monitor those as well active post
All necessary maps, contact lists, itineraries, emergency protocols and numbers, daily activity logs, incident reports, agent necessities, valuables storage, etc.
Focal point for all operations for the detail on travel
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Reaction plans for various emergency situations
Each team member understands their role in the process
Coordination and directives not all dictated on the fly d i th f i f th t
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during the confusion of the event
Plan for the worst – hope for the best
Emergency Evacuation Plans/ Medical Evacuations (cont.)
Examples to Plan For:
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A fire related incident at the home
Fire or other evacuation required at the office
A health related incident
Emergency Evacuation Plans/ Medical Evacuations (cont.)
Types of Activities to be Coordinated:
Who will cover the protectee immediately
Who will coordinate communications
Possible safe havens
Primary and alternate evacuation routes
Where will the vehicles stage and specifically locate for evacuation from a site
Routes to the hospital from all stops
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Medical Evacuation
Will air transport be required
Coordination with emergency response personnel – police/fire-rescue/govt. agents/etc.
Who is trained for administering first aid/CPR
Who will notify all required parties and family
Personal Relationship Control
Eventually you will develop a close personal relationship with the protectee, family member(s) or both - When does that become dangerous?
Far more likely on a full time 24/7 protective detail
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Far more likely on a full time 24/7 protective detail
They treat you as a friend and not a professional - will resist listening to your advice when inconvenient for them
Remember that you really don’t “run in their circles”
Control attractions – they are a distraction
Protective Courtesies
Discuss with protectee how you operate during foot and vehicle movements
What you see on the job is never discussed outside the job
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Errands become part of the drill - control them if they diminish focus on protection
Be as unobtrusive as possible
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Protective Courtesies (cont.)
You are protecting their dignity as well as the physical person - family secrets
Children are a challenge - if they like you and understand you they are much easier to work with
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understand you, they are much easier to work with
Uncooperative teens can be a nightmare
EP as a Small Business
When the glamour wears off – tedious work
Understanding the client relationship
Tapping the “professional courtesy” network
Regional markets
Licensing/insurance/liability/pricing/expenses/ marketing/geographic reach/networking/etc.
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