Env Initiآ  Web view Pune Municipal Corporation is implementing many mitigational measures through various

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7. R = Responses

The city’s environment and the civic life is getting affected because of urbanisation, industrialization and developmental activities. To reduce the impact on environment, mitigational measures need to be taken by one and all. Municipal Corporation provides basic urban facilities to the citizens. Pune Municipal Corporation is implementing many mitigational measures through various projects. Some of these are short term whereas some are long term. There are three main types of mitigation measures taken which include – preventive, curative and adoptive measures.

7.1 Preventive Measures:

7.1.1 Decentralization of Waste Management:

Waste generated within the city limits is scientifically collected, segregated and disposed from residential and commercial areas. PMC has made mandatory for all new constructions after the year 2000 to collect wet waste and dry waste separately and make compost from wet waste at the source itself. Currently, waste generation in the Pune city is 1500 to 1600 metric ton per day (during festival 250-300 MT extra).

SMS alert system is being used for monitoring daily attendance of sweepers. The garbage from marketyards is picked up during night time and people dumping garbage in open are fined. Around 1200 containers have been placed at various public places in the city. People can register complaint about over flowing containers through SMS alert system simply by sending SMS of ALERTG and giving its location and ward name on mobile no. 9223050607 (for details visit website: www.pmcalert.org)

Waste collected by ragpickers is transported through newly purchased 40 Ghanta Gadi (garbage collection vans) instead of container vehicle, also 40 dumper placers have been added recently to the existing fleet of waste transportation vehicles.

Following waste processing units are installed in Pune City:

Sr. No.

Agency Name and Location

Waste given for processing

Capacity (MT)

Type & date of commencement

1

M/s Hanjer Biotech- Devachi Urali/ Phursungi

Mixed waste (Wet & Dry waste)

1000

RDF, manure, pellets, raw plastic & compost dt.1/6/2010

2

Disha Waste Management- Ramtekdi, Hadapsar

Wet Waste

100

Vermicompost dt. 1/2/2012

3

Ajinkya Biofert 1- Hadapsar

Wet Waste

100

Vermicompost dt. 1/6/2010

4

Ajinkya Biofert 2- Hadapsar

Wet Waste (Garden Waste)

100

Vermicompost dt. 1/10/2011

5

Melhem – Aundh ward office

Wet waste

5

Biogas 28/4/2010

6

Melhem – Yerwada housing board

Wet waste

5

Biogas 1/5/2010

7

Melhem – Katraj

Wet waste

5

Biogas 1/10/2011

8

Emprotech Solutions- Bavdhan

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.1/7/2010

9

Emprotech Solutions- Hadapsar

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.1/6/2010

10

Emprotech Solutions- Model Colony

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.1/11/2009

11

Greenleaf- Peshwe parrk

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.20/3/2010

12

Greenleaf- Katraj 1

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.11/7/2010

13

Greenleaf- Katraj 2

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.9/6/2010

14

Aadya - Hadapsar

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.1/6/2010

15

Emprotech Solutions- Wanwadi (Vivam Agrotech)

Wet Waste

5

Biogas dt.1/4/2010

16

Deccan Enviro- Ghole Road

Wet Waste

1

Biogas dt.1/1/2010

17

Save Enviro- Ramtekdi

Wet Waste

2

Mechanical Compost dt. 1/5/2010

18

Excel Industries - Aundh

Wet Waste

2

Mechanical Compost dt. 1/8/2011

(Source - Solid Waste Dept., PMC)

Considering the rise in polpulation and increasing solid waste, a 700 MT capacity project is newly established in Ramtekadi. The project working on pyrolysis technique is producing electricity from waste. In the first phase, 200 to 250 MT waste is being processed. In the later stages, when the plant will start functioning with full capacity, the electricity generated will be fed into the grid. Electricity is being generated from harmful non-biodegradable waste.

Proposed waste processing plants in Pune City are as follows:

Sr. No.

Project Location

Waste given for process (Wet or dry)

Capacity (MT)

Type & project starting date

1

Ramtekdi Industrial Estate M/s Rokhem Separations (Indus.) Pvt. Ltd.

Mixed waste (Wet & dry waste)

700

Pyrolysis

2

Sangamwadi Ward Office, Dhanori

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

3

Sahakarnagar Ward Office Taljai Plateu

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

4

Sahakarnagar Ward Office Taljai Plateu

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

5

Sahakarnagar Ward Office Peshwe Park

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

6

Aundh Ward Office, Baner

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

7

Bibewadi Ward Office, K K Market

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

8

Sangamwadi Ward Office, Alandi Road, Mental Hospital

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

9

Tilak Road Ward Office, Wadgaon Khurdh

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

10

Tilak Road Ward Office, Wadgaon Khurdh

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

11

Dhankawadi Ward Office, Katraj

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

12

Nagar Road Ward Office, Wadgaon Sheri

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

13

Dhankawadi Ward Office, Katraj

Wet Waste

5

Biogas

(Source- Solid Waste Dept. PMC)

Garden waste is being disposed off by using shredder machine at P L Deshpande Garden, Peshwe Energy Park, Katraj Ramp 2, Burning Ghat, Dhole Patil Road, Pashan and Paud Road. More such shredder machines are proposed at Bhamburda Vanvihar, Chittaranjan Watika, Aundh Camp, Dhanori etc.

Waste Processing and Disposal of Waste through Scientific method:

Taking into consideration of increasing urbanization and growing city, availability of land for waste management will be a big issue in future. If waste processing unit is far away from the city then waste transportation cost increases. PMC has adopted decentralized waste management practices in which small scale (5 metric ton per day capacity) biogas plants are installed throughout the city.

There is a need for more biogas plants in future. Hence, necessary budget allocations are made every year. Till June 2013, 13 biomethenization plants each of 5 metric tons capacity are working in the PMC limits. Details of biogas projects are given in annexure 16.

Waste Segregation through ‘SWACH’:

Door-to-door collection of waste is done everyday by 2300 members of SWACH (Solid Waste Collection and Handling Co-operative). SWACH is providing this service to more than 4 lakhs households within 15 wards of Pune. All SWACH members are provided with PMC ID cards, buckets, pushing carts and apron. SWACH contributes in recycling approx. 150 tons of dry waste everyday.

Management of Bio- Medical Waste:

Big hospitals, clinics in the city generate around 2.5 to 3.0 metric ton Bio- medical waste per day. This waste being hazardous in nature is collected through special vehicles and disposed off using inceneration method.

E - Waste:

To dispose off increasing E-waste in the city by scientific method, it is proposed to have collection centres at four places in consultation with the experts on this. SWACH has collected 6 tons e-waste in last one year and has send it to e-waste processing unit of the MPCB.

Capping of Landfill Site and Processing of Leachate:

Capping:

Since it is mandatory to have capping for the waste, execution of work on capping of waste disposed at Uruli Devachi/ Fursungi by scientific way is in progress as suggested in the DPR. Reformation of waste has been completed which has reduced the fire incidents at Uruli Devachi plant.

Administrative officers and other delegates from various States such as Karnataka, Assam, Ahmedabad, Hubali - Dharwad, Indore, Bangalore, Tamilnadu and Kerala and also foreign delegates from Korea and Malaysia have visited Solid Waste Management projects of PMC.

7.1.2 Providing Good Healthcare Facilities:

With an aim to provide good quality healthcare facilities at affordable cost to the citizens, various testing equipments have been made available at all PMC healthcare centres. These include 34 hospitals, 16 maternity clinics, 2 mobile clinics, 1 hospital for contagious diseases and 1 general hospital. Out of these, the following 4 hospitals have been started in the year 2012-13, through which medical facilities are being provided:

1. Dhayari Hospital, Vadgaon Bk.

2. Janata Hospital, Janata Vasahat

3. PMC Hospital, Bibwewadi

4. Late Bartakke Hospital, Atulnagar

Mother- Child Care Programme:

In 2012 there were 9,878 delivery cases reported from maternity hospitals of PMC. All PMC hospitals, maternity hospitals and clinics are providing free medical facilities to mother and infant and for this there is provision of Rs.1 Cr. in this budget.

7.1.3 Comprehensive Mobility Plan (CMP):

Considering growth of the city PMC had appointed M/s. IL & FS, Delhi and prepared CMP under the JNNURM directions given by the Cen