Engaging People, Protecting Communities:
DCI Mabs Hussain (West Yorkshire Police)HMP Governor Andy Johnson (Prison Service Strategic Lead)
Why work together: criminal justice & healthCrime has both direct and indirect effects on health:Direct through violence, injury, rapeIndirect psychological consequences of injury, victimisation and isolationAs a determinant of illnessReduce effectiveness of health systems violence against staffBy preventable health burdens alcohol related crime, drug dependency and motor vehicle accidents.
Why work together: criminal justice & healthStrong correlation between poor health, high levels of crime and poverty.Estimated that 15% of incidents dealt with by the police on a daily basis are mental health related.Estimated that the NHS spends over 1 billion on treating the victims of crime each year.
Why work together: the police as a public health placementBuild partnerships police, NHS, LA, VCS;Bring a public health perspective and approach;Bring public health skills;Develop skills across the Public Health Curriculum;Improve health and reduce health inequalities;Tackle the wider determinants of health;Reduce crime and reoffending
How have we been working together?Learning disabilities prevalence studySection 136 Mental Health ActCustody health needs assessmentAppropriate adultsMissing persons with mental health problems
West Yorkshire prison IOM hub2009 vision of Chief Constable and Director of Offender ManagementCloser to homeIntelligence informs resettlementSeconded Prison Governor
Cultural ChangeTurning the Tanker !!
Prison and police partnership.
Gene Hunt Goes to Prison
Why a prison hub?Create a communication portalClose the communication gap Nominal disappearing act !!Prioritisation of most prolificCo-ordination of support servicesManage golden 24 hour period Hands on
Whos in the Prison Hub.
A Prison officer-linked in to offender management and securityIOM Police officers-linked into community IOM teamsProbation officers-managing under 12 month offendersVCS-Housing expertsPolice intelligence researchers
How does it work - A New VisionSignificant nominals of concern are tracked through custody Prison IT systemIntelligence and information relating to significant nominals is shared on admission and release.Release plans for all nominals of concern including intelligence packs.Bespoke intelligence packages include significant information on an offenders associates, Security information etc.Enhanced Intelligence inform Offender Management/Security in custody.
Recent DevelopmentsA multi agency hub at HMP Wealstun focusing on longer term nominals of concern.A West Yorkshire hub Building on the HMP Leeds model. Linking, sharing information and forging relationships with any prison which houses PPO/IOM nominals who will return to West Yorkshire on release.
New Territory and Innovation
Prisons and Police in partnership PbR.
Identification of aspiring nominals in custody.
Hubs at HMP New Hall and YOI Wetherby to close the communication gap in the juvenile and female prison estate.
A prison hub in each force in the region, linking the prison and police region.
Satellite tracking of nominals of concern.
West Yorkshire: Lessons Learnt the Hard Way
Dont underestimate the cultural differences.
Dont underestimate the pace of change !
*Learning disabilities - People with learning disabilities are over-represented in the criminal justice system. Police custody is recognised as a key place to undertake screening and intervention to improve outcomes for this population group. However, very few studies have been carried out that measure prevalence of learning disabilities within police custody. During her time at West Yorkshire Police Anna conducted a prevalence study which involved screening detainees at 2 custody suites using a validated tool. Found that 3.1% had a learning disability these individuals would not have been identified using current police screening procedures.
Section 136 when an individual is suspected of having a mental health problem and is in need of immediate care or control, the police can use Section 136 of the Mental Health Act to take the person from a public place to a place of safety. Guidance states that police stations should only be used as a place of safety in exceptional circumstances, however, there have been difficulties in implementing this guidance Sophie has been working on local protocols and pathways to ensure that this guidance is implemented, shifting places of safety away from police stations to more appropriate settings.
Custody health needs assessment - Historically police forces in England and Wales have commissioned their own healthcare provision for persons detained in police custody; however, in recent years there has been a growing consensus that, like prison healthcare, healthcare provided to police custody detainees should also be commissioned through NHS commissioning structures. To enable the NHS to effectively commission health services, a clear understanding of the health needs of persons detained in custody is needed. Registrars are working in partnership with West Yorkshire Police to conduct a health needs assessment to inform the provision of healthcare within the custody environment.
Appropriate adults - Young people under the age of 17 and adults who are considered to be mentally vulnerable must have an Appropriate Adultwith them when they are detained in custody and interviewed by the police. The Appropriate Adult role was created by the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE) 1984, with the intention of safeguarding the rights and welfare of young people and vulnerable adults in police custody. Clare has been looking at the current model of provision of appropriate adults to assess whether it meets the needs of both the police and young people and vulnerable adults also suggest improvements based on evidence of best practice.
Missing persons with mental health problems A significant proportion of those adults that go missing have mental health problems. This is a huge problem for the police because of the large numbers involved and also the vulnerable nature of those persons that go missing. It is also an issue for the NHS as a significant proportion of those that go missing are in contact with NHS services. Toniis doing a piece of work to understand who goes missing and why, as well as looking at the police, NHS and partnership response to incidents with a view to introducing interventions to both prevent missing person incidents and to improve the response of police and partners to incident to reduce harm.*********