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ELOCTA, INN-efmoroctocog alfa · PDF file 30 Churchill Place Canary Wharf London E14 5EU United Kingdom An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44

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Text of ELOCTA, INN-efmoroctocog alfa · PDF file 30 Churchill Place Canary Wharf London E14 5EU...

  • 30 Churchill Place ● Canary Wharf ● London E14 5EU ● United Kingdom

    An agency of the European Union Telephone +44 (0)20 3660 6000 Facsimile +44 (0)20 3660 5520 Send a question via our website www.ema.europa.eu/contact

    24 September 2015 EMA/671791/2015 Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP)

    Assessment report

    ELOCTA

    International non-proprietary name: efmoroctocog alfa

    Procedure No. EMEA/H/C/003964/0000

    Note Assessment report as adopted by the CHMP with all information of a commercially confidential nature deleted.

  • Assessment report EMA/671791/2015 Page 2/132

    Table of contents

    1. Background information on the procedure .............................................. 6 1.1. Submission of the dossier ..................................................................................... 6 1.2. Steps taken for the assessment of the product ........................................................ 7

    2. Scientific discussion ................................................................................ 8 2.1. Introduction ........................................................................................................ 8 2.2. Quality aspects .................................................................................................... 9 2.2.1. Introduction...................................................................................................... 9 2.2.2. Active Substance ............................................................................................... 9 2.2.1. Finished Medicinal Product ................................................................................ 13 2.2.1. Discussion on chemical, pharmaceutical and biological aspects.............................. 16 2.2.2. Conclusions on the chemical, pharmaceutical and biological aspects ...................... 17 2.2.3. Recommendation(s) for future quality development ............................................. 17 2.3. Non-clinical aspects ............................................................................................ 17 2.3.1. Introduction.................................................................................................... 17 2.3.2. Pharmacology ................................................................................................. 17 2.3.3. Pharmacokinetics ............................................................................................ 27 2.3.4. Toxicology ...................................................................................................... 33 2.3.5. Ecotoxicity/environmental risk assessment ......................................................... 37 2.3.6. Discussion on non-clinical aspects ..................................................................... 37 2.3.7. Conclusion on the non-clinical aspects ............................................................... 39 2.4. Clinical aspects .................................................................................................. 40 2.4.1. Introduction.................................................................................................... 40 2.4.2. Pharmacokinetics ............................................................................................ 41 2.4.3. Pharmacodynamics .......................................................................................... 51 2.4.4. Discussion on clinical pharmacology ................................................................... 52 2.4.5. Conclusions on clinical pharmacology ................................................................. 54 2.5. Clinical efficacy .................................................................................................. 54 2.5.1. Dose response study(ies) ................................................................................. 54 2.5.2. Main studies ................................................................................................... 54 2.5.3. Discussion on clinical efficacy .......................................................................... 107 2.5.4. Conclusions on the clinical efficacy .................................................................. 109 2.6. Clinical safety .................................................................................................. 109 2.6.1. Discussion on clinical safety ............................................................................ 116 2.6.2. Conclusions on the clinical safety .................................................................... 117 2.7. Risk Management Plan ...................................................................................... 117 2.8. Pharmacovigilance ........................................................................................... 126 2.9. Product information .......................................................................................... 126

  • Assessment report EMA/671791/2015 Page 3/132

    2.9.1. User consultation .......................................................................................... 126 2.9.2. Additional monitoring ..................................................................................... 126

    3. Benefit-Risk Balance ........................................................................... 126

    4. Recommendations ............................................................................... 131

  • Assessment report EMA/671791/2015 Page 4/132

    List of abbreviations

    ADA anti-drug (rFVIIIFc) antibody ADR adverse drug reaction AE adverse event ALT alanine aminotransferase ADME absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion APC activated Protein C aPTT Activated partial thromboplastin time AUC Area under the curve AST aspartate aminotransferase AUCinf area under the concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity BDD B-domain deleted BU Bethesda unit CABS chromosomal aberrations Cmax maximum plasma activity DKO double knockout DNAUC dose-normalized area under the curve DP Drug Product DS Drug Substance eCRF electronic case report form ED exposure day ED50 effective dose ELISA Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay EMA European Medicines Agency EPD electronic patient diary F female FAS full analysis set FcRn neonatal Fc receptor FVIII coagulation factor VIII GLP Good Laboratory Practice Hb Haemoglobin HCT haematocrit HCV hepatitis C virus HemA haemophilia A HEK human embryonic kidney HIV human immunodeficiency virus IgG immunoglobulin G IgG1 Immunoglobulin G1 IU International unit IR incremental recovery IQR interquartile range IV intravenous kD kilodalton

  • Assessment report EMA/671791/2015 Page 5/132

    KO knockout MAA marketing authorisation applicant/application MRT mean residence time NA not applicable NIRC New Iberia Research Center NOAEL no observed adverse effect level PD Pharmacodynamics PK Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacokinetics PTP previously treated patient RBC red blood cell rFVIII recombinant Factor VIII rFVIIIFc recombinant human coagulation factor VIII, Fc fusion protein ROTEM rotational thromboelastography SAE serious adverse event SAS safety analysis set SC single chain SC rFVIIIFc single chain isoform of rFVIIIFc SD study drug or standard deviation SmPC summary of product characteristics SOC system organ class SPR surface plasmon resonance t1/2 half-life TEAE treatment-emergent adverse event TESAE treatment-emergent serious adverse event Tg transgenic TVT tail vein transection Vss volume of distribution at steady state VWF von Willebrand Factor WBC white blood cell WBCT Whole blood clotting time

  • Assessment report EMA/671791/2015 Page 6/132

    1. Background information on the procedure

    1.1. Submission of the dossier

    The applicant Biogen Idec Ltd submitted on 9 October 2014 an application for Marketing Authorisation to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for ELOCTA, through the centralised procedure falling within the Article 3(1) and point 4 of Annex of Regulation (EC) No 726/2004. The eligibility to the centralised procedure was agreed upon by the EMA/CHMP on 20 February 2014.

    ELOCTA, was designated as an orphan medicinal product EU/3/10/783 on 20 September 2010 in the following indication: Treatment of haemophilia A

    The applicant applied for the following indication:

    ELOCTA is a long-acting recombinant coagulation factor for the treatment and prophylaxis of bleeding in patients with haemophilia A (congenital factor VIII deficiency). ELOCTA does not contain von Willebrand factor, and is therefore not indicated in patients with von Willebrand disease. ELOCTA can be used for all age groups.

    The legal basis for this application refers to:

    Article 8.3 of Directive 2001/83/EC - complete and independent application. The applicant indicated that efmoroctocog alfa was considered to be a new active substance.

    The application submitted is composed of administrative information, complete quality data, non-clinical and clinical data based on applicants’ own tests and studies and/or bibliographic literature substituting/supporting certain test(s) or study(ies).

    Information on Paediatric requirements

    Pursuant to Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006, the application included an EMA Decision(s) P/0077/2014 on the agreement of a paediatric investigation plan (PIP)