Elie Wiesel’s Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech Wiesel’s Nobel Peace Prize Acceptance Speech Analysis ... awarded to Elie Wiesel for his book Night, a ... diction is composed of ...

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    06-Mar-2018

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    ElieWieselsNobelPeacePrizeAcceptanceSpeechAnalysis

    TheNobelPrizeinLiteratureof1986wasawardedtoElieWieselforhisbookNight,achroniclingofhisstrugglesinconcentrationcampsduringtheHolocaust.HisacceptancespeechoftheawardwasintendedtoensurethattheeventsoftheHolocaustwerenotechoedinthefuture;thatnohumanbeingwouldbesubjectedtothesamehumiliationandtormentthathewas.

    Wieselemployedtherhetoricaldevicesofpathosandethosinhisspeech,withpathosbeingthepredominantappealutilized.Intheopeningofhisspeechheclaimsthattheawarddoesnotbelongtohim,butrathertothemultitudeswhohaveperished(Line4).Hefollowsthisstatementupbysaying,Noonemayspeakforthedead,noonemayinterprettheirmutilateddreamsandvisions.Inthissegmentofhisspeechheremindstheaudiencethatnoonepersoncanevermakeupforthelossofthousandsandthatthosewholosttheirlivesinconcentrationcampswillneverbeableexpresstheiragonyandpainfortheadvancementofourworld.Additionally,Wieselrelatesabriefaccountofhisimprisonmentinconcentrationcampsfromathirdpersonpointofview,referringtohisfifteenyearoldselfasheratherthanI.Inhisaccounthearticulatesthesuddenness,despair,andthealtogetherhorrorofthisoccurrenceinhistory,saying,Irememberhisbewilderment,Irememberhisanguish.Itallhappenedsofast.Theghetto.Thedeportation.Thesealedcattlecar.Thefieryaltaruponwhichthehistoryofourpeopleandfutureofmankindweremeanttobesacrificed.Theuseofthirdpersonmakestheboy,youngElieWiesel,seemnearertotheaudience,asthoughhewerefixedintime.Theuseoffirstpersonpronounswouldhavedistancedhisanecdotefromtheaudience,astheWieselsyearswouldhaveobscuredit.ThepathosoftheacceptancespeechisinthesolefactthathewasaJewwhoexperiencedlifeinconcentrationcampswhichmakeshimoneofthemostqualifiedpeopletodeliveraspeechonthesubject.There

  • isntanydoubtinthelistenersmindonwhetherWieselknowswhatheistalkingabout.

    Rhetoricaldevicesareusedfrequentlythroughout.Wieselusesanaphoraintheaforementionedanecdote,stating,Irememberhisbewilderment,Irememberhisanguish.Ratherthancombiningthesewordsintoonesentence,hedividesthefeelingsintotwoandrepeatsthebeginningexpressiontoemphasizethefeelingshehadonbeingforcedfromhishome.Theanaphoraalsolengthenstheanecdote,allowingfortheaudiencetoreflectonhisemotionsandestablishanempathyforWieselaswellasothersintheconcentrationcamps,whichweknowsufferedafateakintoorworsethanhisown.WhenWieseldiscussestheHolocaustandconcentrationcampshedoesnotdirectlystatethewords.Instead,hisdictioniscomposedofwordsandphrasesthathavefarclearerconnotationasin,theKingdomofNight.Nighthasanimpliedfeelingofhopelessnessandrepresentstheendsoitinfuseshisspeechwithmoreemotionthansimplystatingaconcentrationcamp.

    Wieselusesrhetoricaldevicesandappealstoholdupthecentralideathatthepersecutionofindividualsforpoliticalviews,race,gender,andreligionmustbeconfronted.Hisspeechusesheavyamountsofemotionandisstrengthenedbythecredibilitythathehasassomeonewhohadexperiencedconcentrationcamps.ThisallresultsinempathyforWieselandallwhoboreaburdenofthismagnitude.Thisempathyresultsintheaudiencedevelopinganurgetopreventnewissuesfromarisinganddefendthosewhoareoppressedandmartyred.Hisinsightthat,Neutralityhelpstheoppressor,neverthevictim.and,Silenceencouragesthetormentor,neverthetormented.causesonetoseethepotentialforgoodthatweallencompass.

    ElieWieselspoketotheentirehumanraceinhisNobelPrizeacceptancespeech,usinghislifestorytourgeeveryonetohavecompassionforhumanlifeandmakejudgementsindependentofrace,politicalstance,

  • gender,religion,orotherdifferencesaswellastotakeactionwhenagroupisbeingdeniedtherighttotheirlivesordignity.

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