ELEMENTS OF FICTION AND NONFICTION. TYPES OF READING/WRITING ✕ Poetry ✕ Drama ✕ Prose  Fiction  Nonfiction

  • View
    218

  • Download
    3

Embed Size (px)

Text of ELEMENTS OF FICTION AND NONFICTION. TYPES OF READING/WRITING ✕ Poetry ✕ Drama ✕ Prose ...

ELEMENTS OF FICTION AND NONFICTION

ELEMENTS OF FICTION AND NONFICTIONTYPES OF READING/WRITINGPoetryDramaProseFictionNonfiction

FICTION GENRESScience fictionFolk talesSatireFairytalesFantasyFablesMysteryTall TalesHorrorLegendSuspense ThrillerFICTION ELEMENTSAuthors purpose to narrate or entertain (to tell a story)Character who the story is about; Flat, round, static, dynamic, antagonist, protagonistSetting - time, place, moodPlot the sequence of events in a story; rising action, climax, falling actionTheme what the story is about; the message from the authorPoint of View 1st person, 3rd person limited, 3rd person omniscientCHARACTERFlat a character that we know nothing aboutRound a character that we know aboutStatic a character that never changesDynamic a character that changesAntagonist a character that opposes the protagonistProtagonist a character that faces conflictSETTINGTime whenPlace whereMood how the story makes you feel; this is created by the tone that the author uses; Tone is created by diction (choice of words)PLOTRising action the conflicts that occurInternal conflicts issues within yourselfExternal conflicts issues caused by external forces such as nature or other peopleClimax the high point of the storyFalling action how the conflicts are resolved

THEMEThis is the message that the author wants you to know; it is usually summarized in one or two wordsFriendshipLoveRevengeSurvival

POINT OF VIEWFirst person pov the narrator is one of the characters telling the story from his/her point of view; Uses IThird person limited pov the unknown narrator tells a story about the main character; the reader knows about the main character only; Uses he, she, it Third person omniscient pov the unknown narrator tells a story and gives detailed information about several characters; Uses he, she, itNONFICTION GENRESAutobiographyBiographySpeechesEssaysLettersNewspaper articlesInstructionsReference booksELEMENTS OF NONFICTIONAuthors purpose to persuade or informAuthors perspective is author biased?Main idea what the text is about (like a thesis statement)Supporting details ideas that support the main ideaAuthors PURPOSETo Entertain (fiction) to tell a storyStructure Chronological Order/Sequence

To Inform - teach, educate, give information, explainStructure - Logical Order

To Persuade convince, argueStructure Logical, Spatial, etc

Authors PERSPECTIVETone - the attitude of the writer Fact a true statement; can be provedOpinion point of view of an authorGeneralization - stereotypingBias being opinionatedPathos - emotional proofLogos - logical proof (facts)Ethos - ethical proof (testimony, quote)Fallacies - false truths