Element Summary Slides

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Element Summary Slides. Directions: Go to View – slideshow and scroll through slides as a review activity. The answer to the clues will not be displayed until you arrow down at that slide. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Element Summary SlidesDirections: Go to View slideshow and scroll through slides as a review activity. The answer to the clues will not be displayed until you arrow down at that slide.

    NOTE: all graphics without a URL were provided with the text book Chemistry Matter and Change by Glencoe/McGraw Hill Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarymost abundant metalthird most abundant element in earths crustusually found in nature combined with oxygen or silicon bauxite is the name of its ore this elements sulfate alum used in antiperspirants and remove suspended particles during water purification ANSWER = AluminumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryA reddish-brown liquidHighly reactive

    ANSWER = bromineJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryThis element has 3 main allotropes diamond, graphite, and charcoalThe study of this element is given its own branch of chemistry called Organic Chemistry

    ANSWER = carbonJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarythree solid allotropes = white (bursts into flames in air thus stored in water), red (used on striking surface for match boxes); black (formed when other under high pressure)compounds used in fertilizers; ANSWER = phosphorusJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryColorless diatomic gasElement with the highest electronegativity most reactive nonmetalLatin fluere to flow the elements compounds are added to toothpaste and drinking water, also in non-stick surfaces; ANSWER = fluorineJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummarymetalloidUsed in computer chips and solar cellssecond most abundant element in Earths crust after oxygenUsually exists as silica.Silica found in quartz crystals, sand, and glass ANSWER = siliconJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummarySoft, highly reactive metalMost abundant metal in its groupPresent in vapor lampsheat exchanger in nuclear reactorsmost common positive ion in fluid outside cells (flow into cells when nerve cell is stimulated);in table salt ANSWER = sodiumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryreacts with most elementsdeadly yellowish green gasIts compounds disinfect sewageIts compounds are used as bleaching agents and to remove stainsdentist use compounds to block painan element in the acid found in your stomach, part of PVC pipes ANSWER = chlorineJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryits chloride can be used as a salt substitutefound in compounds used in fertilizersits nitrate used as explosive and for fireworksmost common positive ion inside the cell in table salt Reacts vigorously w/waterANSWER = potassiumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryradioactive element found in smoke detectors

    ANSWER = americiumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryforms explosivesgains 3 electrons to form -3 ion colorless, odorless; relatively unreactive78% earths atmospherecontained in protein; bacteria in soil fix this element into compounds which contain this elementused in making ammonia (cleaning product); explosives (TNT and nitroglycerine), dyes, and fertilizers; ANSWER = nitrogenJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryten allotropesits oxide is found in acid rainPresent in the compound that has a rotten egg smell released through ocean vents ANSWER = sulfurJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryUnreactive gasLight displays named after this element which gives off orange light ANSWER = neonJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryFlammable, colorless, diatomic gashas 3 isotopes (protium, deuterium, and tritium) The gas that caused the Hindenberg to explode.ANSWER = hydrogenJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarybest conductortransition metal precious metal

    ANSWER = silverJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarycontained in peptobismalWoods metal alloy

    ANSWER = bismuthJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryfound widely in nature especially as a metal carbonateIts carbonate compound is the main ingredient in limestone, chalk, and marble; coral reefs exoskeletons; antacid tablets; abrasive in toothpaste ANSWER = calciumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryunreactive gasmost abundant member of its family (1% atmosphere)Used in high temperature welding for an inert environmentused in filament of incandescent light bulbs and as layer of insulation between panes of glass ANSWER = argonJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryAbundantcan be formed into almost any shapelighter alloy than steel (bicycles, backpack frames, mag wheels)needed in plants (in chlorophyll)its ion is important in muscle function and metabolismpart of hard water (with Ca2+) ions interfere with action of soaps and detergents; can form scum (deposits) that clog pipes, water heaters, and steam irons Burns in CO2

    ANSWER = magnesiumMagnesium RibbonBurning magnesium ribbonmag wheelJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryFYI Magnesium can burn in carbon dioxide, like many things can burn in oxygen, thus CO2 fire extinguishers do not work to put out Magnesium fires.

    ANSWER = magnesiumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarysofter than most metalsfound in bronze and pewter

    ANSWER = tinTin shotpewterTin & leadBronzeTin foil - tin & copperJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryleast reactive alkali in long-lasting batteriesused in de-humidifiers to absorb waterits carbonate is used to strengthen glass and as a drug for bipolar disorderIn alloys in airplanes (strong & lightweight).

    ANSWER = lithiumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryfound combined with Al, Si, O in berylused in alloys where sparks badonly metal in its group that doesnt form an alkaline solution when it reacts with water.

    ANSWER = berylliumberylJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summarydiscovered in emission spectrum of sunfound in earth natural gas wells (light enough to escape gravity)used in blimps air ships and balloonsmixed with O2 for divers to prevent bendscoolant for supercooling magnets

    ANSWER = heliumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryLeast representative of its groupfound in borosilicate glass (withstand extreme differences in temp)main source = borax (Mojave Desert); borax = cleaning agent & fireproof insulation; boric acid = disinfectant & eye washits nitride is the second hardest known material (superabrasive)ANSWER = boronBorosilicate glassBoraxJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryThis element has two main allotropes 20% earths atmosphere, colorless, odorless gas needed for combustionproduced in photosynthesismost abundant element in earths crust

    ANSWER = oxygenJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryThe only metal that is a liquid at room temperature toxic Forms amalgams

    ANSWER = mercuryJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryTransition metal that is found uncombined in natureGood conductor, found in electrical wiringHighly ductile orangish-brown in color ANSWER = copperJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryscientist using this elements nitride to make blue laser (triple storage capacity shorter wavelength also increase speed and resolution of laser printers)

    ANSWER = galliumlow m.p. (melt in hand)its arsenide is used in semiconductor chips in light-powered solar calculators and solar panels (10x more efficient than Si chips)Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element Summaryfound as part of a compound in fish, eggs, and grains (works w/ vit. E prevent cell damage; prevent cancer growth?)locoweed plant get sickcan convert light into electricity used in solar panelsphotographers use in light metersphotocopiers work because charged particles of this element create an image of itemsemiconductor

    ANSWER = seleniumJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • Element SummaryToxic metalHas a low m.pmaybe first obtained from ore (due to low m.p.)used to be used for eating utensils, pipesadditive in gas in paintcurrently used in storage batteries ANSWER = leadJodi Grack; Wayzata High School

    Jodi Grack; Wayzata High School

  • SourcesSilicon - www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/S/silicon.htmlSilcon-quartz - www.mii.org/Minerals/photosil.htmlNeon sign Ne - www.theodoregray.com/.../010/index.s9.htmlNeon tube - www.assumption.edu/.../Spectra/Ligh