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  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    ELECTROMAGNETIC OPERATING

    ENVIRONMENT (EME)

    &

    UK JOINT ELECTRONIC WARFARE (EW)

    Commander Dave Hewitt

    OC JOINT EW OPERATIONAL SUPPORT

    CENTRE (JEWOSC)

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Electronic Warfare

    Military action to Exploit the Electromagnetic Spectrum

    (EMS) which encompasses the interception and

    identification of EM emissions, the employment of EM

    energy, including directed energy, to Reduce or Prevent

    hostile use of the EMS and actions to ensure its effective

    use by own/friendly forces. EW enables EM Situational

    Awareness (SA) which critically informs decision

    making and the execution of Joint Effects/Action.

    Note this statement should also include elements of Cyber

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    EM Operating Environment

    Complex, Congested and Contested - EME Situational Awareness critically

    Informs and/or enables: Planning, C2, manoeuvre, exploitation, denial,

    Battlespace Management, CID, Targeting, BDA, Threat Warning, Platform

    Protection and future capability development

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    EME & UK Defence EW 1980 2014 +Period EME Defence EW

    1980 - 2000 Analogue, emerging digital caps,

    limited proliferation and

    commercial exploitation

    Traditional War Fighting - EW focus

    maintained across ES, EA, ED and SIGINT

    DLoDs. EW Governance, C2, Doctrine,

    training established and enabled.

    2000 - 2013 Digitisation and non-traditional

    emitter technology development ,

    proliferation, EMS Commercial

    exploitation, Cyber, Asymmetric

    applications

    COIN EW shift to protection aspects of ES,

    EA, ED. ELINT and Collect caps reduced.

    Limited EW Governance, C2, Doctrine and

    training focus. Capability Development failed

    to integrate and enable all aspects of the EW

    Defence Lines of Development, particularly

    Training and Information (data).

    2014 2025+ Above +

    Complex, Congested & Contested

    Post Libya/Syria lessons increased EME

    and EW awareness. 5th+ Generation

    capability data requirements, recognition of

    non-equipment DLoD aspects (especially

    Governance, C2, training, people,

    information), ELINT.

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    UK Defence Review of EW (Jan 2013)

    Identify the risk to Defence outputs caused by de-

    investment

    Develop a coherent model for exploitation of the

    EME

    Recognise synergies between EW and Cyber

    Build on existing National and International EW

    relations

    Update National EW policy

    Produce a National EW Operating directive

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Review Scope Background - Relevance of EME and EW interfaces

    EME Framework - Policy, Command, Spectrum Management, MOUs

    Capability Stocktake - Evidence based against Risks, Scenarios

    Organisation - Joint and single service elements engaged in EW activities

    Governance & Tasking - Collection & Analysis tasking mechanisms &

    Governance models

    Manpower & Training - Skills & training. Manpower Review & Cyber career

    stream work

    Future of EME - Evidenced view of future EM environment & challenges

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Review Outcomes

    Key Points Risks, weaknesses, capability gaps & incoherency across ES, EA, ED and

    EM components of EW

    Recommendations Some quick wins Governance, Tasking Some longer term Equipment, People and training Improved coherency (Included DEWC move to JEWOSC)

    Summary Lacked EW champion for years No Joint oversight of pan-DLOD issues; ES, EA, ED, EM activities Equip often Urgent Operational Requirement derived, single service

    specific and not sustained

    Establish operating coherence with Cyber, IO and ISR EW effects not considered in the round lack of whole EM spectrum

    Management, Planning & Operational C2

    Various Governance, Tasking, Project lines The need to reinvigorate collaborative working with Allies and partners

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    EW

    ESM EPM EW ManagementECM

    Search

    Intercept

    Identify

    Locate

    Record

    (ES)

    =

    EME SA

    Command, Direct

    Integrate, sustain,

    Develop

    Policy &

    Governance

    Protect,

    Ensure

    (ED)

    =

    Counter

    ES & EA

    Prevent,

    Reduce

    (EA)

    =

    Deceive

    Deny

    Jt Battlespace

    Management

    & Integration

    Operational

    Command, Control,

    Coordinate

    EWCC

    SIGINT,

    MASINT, Cyber

    Threat Warning,

    Targeting, CID

    Info, Comms, Cyber,

    Jt Fires across

    networks and

    sensors

    Physical and

    Procedural

    Spectrum

    Management, EWOS,

    EOB, Training, trials,

    CNO

    End-to-End EME Operating Process

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Initial Actions

    Establish UK Defence Authority for EW Comd JFC

    EW Policy set & issued under CDI leadership, consistent with NATO (29 May 14)

    Delegate specific EW responsibilities for Develop, Plan, Manage, Deliver, Generate and Operate functions

    EW Delivery Programme (equip & enablers) established ES,EA,ED and EM

    Establish Joint EW operational planning team (EM Battlestaff)

    Develop Joint EW Operating Directive

    Develop a 1 Star Joint Force EW Group

    EW Capability assessment in advance of SDSR 15

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    UK Joint EW Command Structure

    CDS/VCDS

    Commander Jt Forces

    (4 Star)

    Chief Defence Intelligence

    (3 Star)

    Director Cyber, Intelligence & Information Integration

    (2 Star)

    Joint Force EW Group Commander

    (1 Star)

    Single Service Headquarters EW Staff

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    UK Joint Operational EW Command Structure

    Director Cyber, Intelligence

    & Information Integration (2 Star)

    PJHQ,

    EWCC, NATO

    Joint Spectrum

    Authority

    Cyber and

    Info Ops

    UK Govt Depts

    Allies MoUs

    Director Joint

    Warfare

    (2 Star)

    DE&SJoint Force Group EW Commander (1 Star)

    EWOS

    SIGINT

    EMBM

    Embeds Spectrum, Cyber, IO,

    Joint Intelligence Operations Centre

    EWCC

    Joint Force

    Intelligence

    Group

    Research &

    Development

    NAVY LAND AIR Allies Industry Others

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Summary

    Work is progressing much more to do

    EW has become more complex

    Art of the possible vs risk It must be carried out with less resource

    Efficiencies, collaboration, partnerships Equipment is only part of the solution

    Other Defence Lines of EW Development are equally as important Sustainability is key

    Must have Governance, resilience and through-life support solutions

    Collaboration and Integration is Key

  • Joint Electronic Warfare Operational Support Centre

    Questions