Effective Questioning Objective/Learning Target: Teachers will analyze questioning strategies and add at least one to their classroom instruction. 2.

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Designing a Learning Target SO, plan by answering from the students POV: What will I be able to do when Ive finished this lesson? What idea, topic, or subject is important for me to learn and understand so I can do this? How will I show that I can do this, and how well will I have to do it? Think of the learning target as a GPSa kind of G oal P lan S hared. Its the destination of the lesson what to learn, how deeply to learn it, and exactly how to demonstrate their learning. 3

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Effective Questioning Objective/Learning Target: Teachers will analyze questioning strategies and add at least one to their classroom instruction. 2 Designing a Learning Target SO, plan by answering from the students POV: What will I be able to do when Ive finished this lesson? What idea, topic, or subject is important for me to learn and understand so I can do this? How will I show that I can do this, and how well will I have to do it? Think of the learning target as a GPSa kind of G oal P lan S hared. Its the destination of the lesson what to learn, how deeply to learn it, and exactly how to demonstrate their learning. 3 What is the role of questioning in education? 4 What do you notice about teacher feedback? Dylan Wiliam on feedback... 5 The only thing that matters is what students do with it. We can debate about whether feedback should be descriptive or evaluative, but it is absolutely essential that feedback is productive. Feedback should be more work for the student than it is for the teacher. Feedback will be most effective when students are fully engaged in learning. The thing that really matters in feedback is the relationship between the student and the teacher. Questioning As Conversation 6 It lets the teacher know: What the learner knows What the learner doesnt know Whether the learner is linking background knowledge with newer concepts Whether there are fundamental misconceptions Take a Questioning Quiz with Plickers! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DfUB05xiIGM 7 Engagement Assessment 8 Cold Call 9 Cold Call Options 10 Ask the question in advance to give all students think time. Ask the question and immediately call on the students. Call on students regardless of raised hands (random, charts, sticks, name cards, etc.). Scaffold questions from simple to complex. Connect next questions or follow-ups to previously answered questions. How do you feel about cold call? HOT I will definitely use it. WARM I will probably use it. COOL I might use it. COLD I wont use it. Move to the corner that matches your feeling. Talk with the others in your corner about why they chose that response. Be prepared to share. 11 Four Corners Activity No Opt-Out 12 What are the rules of No Opt-Out? 13 No Opt-Out Rules All students must answer the question correctly, even if first answered incorrectly. How? Ask other students the same question until the correct answer is given. Then... Ask the student who answered incorrectly to repeat the correct answer. Reject Self-Report 14 Hot Seat 15 Debrief Using the Learning Target 16 Objective/Learning Target: Teachers will analyze questioning strategies and add at least one to their classroom instruction. Wait Time Can we teach more by saying less? 17 Wait Time Some Important Facts 18 Wait time is the period of silence between the time a question is asked and the time when one or more students respond to that question. Teachers typically wait less than one (1) second for students to respond to a question. Most teachers tend to ask another question within an average time span of 9/10 of a second. Danielson 3bUnsatisfactory-Level 1 (Critical Attributes) Questions are rapid-fire and convergent, with a single correct answer. Wait Time There are two crucial junctions in the questioning process: Wait Time 1: After a question is posed but before a student is called on to answer Wait Time 2: Directly following that students response 19 Wait For It! The benefits: Improved achievement/retention Greater numbers of higher cognitive responses Longer responses Decreases in interruptions Increased student-student interactions 20 Hinge Questions 21 Hinge Questions 22 Hinge Question: An Example Lets look at this teacher / student questioning session. Teacher: What is a nocturnal animal: Student: An animal that stays awake at night. Teacher: Good. What is a diurnal animal? Student: An animal that is active during the day. Teacher: Correct. Lets move on. 23 Hinge Question: An ExamplePt. 2 Lets continue that teacher/student conversation. Teacher: What is a nocturnal animal: Student: An animal that stays awake at night. Teacher: Tell me more about that. Does a nocturnal animal have special characteristics? Student: Well, it doesnt sleep a lot. Misconception revealed! 24 Great Hinge Questions Should: 1. Get a response from every student. 2. Do a quick check on understanding, instead of engaging in extended discussions. 3. Decide whether to go forward or back on the basis of student responses. 4. Elicit the right response for the right reason. 25 Now, its your turn. Design a hinge question/s for a lesson you will teach this week.

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