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P6505Effect of tumor necrosis factorealfa inhibitor and methotrexate therapyon total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoproteinin psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis patients
Jashin Wu, MD, Jashin Wu, Los Angeles, CA, United States; Anny Xiang, PhD,Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA, United States; ChristopherRowan, PhD, Outcome, A Quintiles Company, Cambridge, MA, United States;Kwun-Yee Poon, MS, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA,United States; Mary Anthony, PhD, Amgen, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, UnitedStates
Objective: To understand the impact of treatment with a TNF inhibitor (TNFi) ormethotrexate (MTX) on total cholesterol (TC), HDL, and LDL in psoriasis (PsO),psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.
Methods: The study population consists of adult patients diagnosed with prevalentor incident PsO/PsA/RA between January 1, 2002 and July 31, 2011 from a largeHMO. Patients exposed to a TNFi (etanercept, adalimumab, infliximab, golimumab,and certolizumab pegol) 6 MTX exposure comprised the TNFi group. Patients inthe TNFi group were matched to patients exposed to MTX but not a TNFi (MTXgroup). Drug exposure status was determined based on exposure status within 15-45 days before the laboratory measurements. The groups were matched oninflammatory condition (PsO/PsA/RA), diabetes status, and the date of TNFiinitiation/prevalent MTX exposure (index date). All patients had metabolic factormeasurements within 1-year before and after the index date. Unadjusted medianpercent change from baseline and interquartile ranges (IQR) in TC, HDL, and LDLwas determined in both exposure groups.
Results: There were 1249 PsO patients, 725 PsA patients, and 4962 RA patients. TheTCmedian percent changewas +0.4% in TNFi (IQR: -10.5, 10.8, n¼ 1122) and -0.9%in MTX (IQR: -9.8, 9.2, n¼ 4575) (P¼.24). The HDLmedian percent change was 0%in TNFi (IQR: -10.2, 11.8, n ¼ 1115) and 0% in MTX (IQR: -9.5, 12.3, n¼ 4577) (P¼.26). The LDL median percent change was -2.2% in TNFi (IQR: 13.3-15.7, n ¼ 937)and -1.2% in MTX (IQR: -14.7, 13.4, n ¼ 4103) (P ¼ .53).
Conclusion: Although TCwas numerically higher in the TNFi group and lower in theMTX group, these changes were not statistically significant. HDL was unchanged inboth groups. LDLwas numerically lower in both groups, but these changeswere notstatistically significant. Analysis of other metabolic factors and comparisonsbetween treatment groups and amongst the separate diseases while accountingfor differences in medications and demographic and clinical factors are in process.
y was 100% sponsored by a research grant from Amgen.This stud
P6633Effects of golimumab on the dermatologic manifestations of psoriaticarthritis: 5-year results from the long-term extension of the randomized,placebo-controlled, GO-REVEAL study
G. G. Krueger, MD, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States
Objective: To report dermatologic responses from the long-term extension through5 yrs of treatment with two doses of golimumab (GLM) 50 mg and 100 mg.
Methods: Adult PsA pts with active joint and skin disease were randomized toinjections of PBO (group [Group]1, n ¼ 113), GLM 50 mg (Group2, n ¼ 146), orGLM 100 mg (Group3, n ¼ 146) q4wks through week 20. Concomitant MTX wasallowed. At week 16, PBO pts with\10% improvement in joints disease receivedGLM 50 mg, all pts received GLM 50 mg from week 24 forward. After week 52,investigator judgement permitted dose change of GLM 50 mg to 100 mg; after week104, reduction from GLM 100 mg to GLM 50 mg. Efficacy was assessed at week 256based on randomized group and completer analyses using PASI response, nail PGA,and target nail NAPSI. Safety included all pts who received[1 GLM dose through 5years.
Results: Of 405 pts randomized, 140 pts (48%) received MTX at baseline; 279 pts(69%) continued GLM through week 252. 34% of pts in group 1 increased dose from50 to 100mg, with 8% decreasing the dose to 50mg through 5 years. In group 2, 29%of pts increased the dose from 50 to 100 mg, with 8% decreasing the dose to 50 mgthrough 5 years. In group 3, 25% of pts decreased the dose from 100 mg to 50 mgthrough 5 years. Baseline characteristics (mean), for groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively,were: PsO duration (yrs)- 19, 18., 18; PASI scores- 7.7, 9.4, 11.2; BSA[3%- 70%, 75%,74%; NAPSI score of target fingernail- 4.7, 4.6, 4.6;. At week 256, among pts with[3% BSA, PASI responses for Groups1, 2 and 3, respectively were: PASI 50, 91%(50/55), 83% (58/70), 95% (75/79); PASI 75 73% (40/55), 69% (48/70), 79% (62/79);PASI 90 51% (28/55), 46% (32/70), 65% (51/79). MTX did not affect PASI responses.Mean % changes from baseline in NAPSI score at week 256 were: 79, 76, and 77 forgroups 1, 2 and 3 respectively. Proportions achieving nail PGA improvement were81% (48/59), 87% (55/63), 81.0% (64/79) for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively. 88%and 21% GLM-treated pts experienced AE and SAE, respectively. 12% of ptsdiscontinued GLM because of AE, and 4% pts experienced a serious infection(s).Malignancies were observed in 5% of pts (incidence per 100 ptyr 1.28 [95% CI: 0.80,1.96]); for NMSC (10 events of BCC and 1 event of SCC) occurred in 2.5 % of pts(incidence per 100 pt yr 0.61 [95% CI: 0.29, 1.12]).
Conclusion: GLM resulted in long-term improvement in skin and nail psoriasis. Noapparent differences between long-term safety and efficacy of GLM doses admin-istered q4wks were observed.
d by Janssen Research and Development, LLC.Supporte
P6408Efficacy and safety of topical janus kinase inhibitor tofacitinib in thetreatment of chronic plaque psoriasis: Results of a phase IIA randomizedclinical trial
William Ports, Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT, United States; Chantal Bolduc, InnovadermResearch/The University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Kim Papp,Probity Medical Research and K. Papp Clinical Research Inc, Waterloo, Ontario,Canada; Manisha Lamba, Pfizer Inc, Groton, CT, United States; RobertBissonnette, Innovaderm Research, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Shahbaz Khan,Pharmanet/i3, Princeton, Princeton, NJ, United States; Shuping Lan, Pfizer Inc,Groton, CT, United States
Objective: To assess efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of tofacitinibointments in subjects with plaque psoriasis.
Methods: In a double-blind, vehicle-controlled phase IIA trial (NCT01246583), 2ointment formulations of 2% tofacitinib were evaluated in adults with mild tomoderate plaque psoriasis. Subjects (N ¼ 71) were randomized 2:1:2:1 to ointment1 (n¼ 23), vehicle 1 (n¼ 13), ointment 2 (n¼ 25) or vehicle 2 (n¼ 10). Study drugwas applied BID for 4 weeks to a single fixed 300 cm2 treatment area containing atarget plaque 6 one or more nontarget plaques and normal skin. The primaryendpoint was Target Plaque Severity Score (TPSS) percent change from baseline atweek 4. Secondary endpoints included treatment area Physician’s GlobalAssessment (PGA), Target Plaque Area (TPA), safety and PK. Statistical significancewas claimed if the upper 1-sided 90% confidence limit was \0. Exploratorybiomarker analyses of baseline and week 4 plaque biopsies for ointment 1 (n ¼ 5)and vehicle 1 (n ¼ 3) were performed by immunohistochemistry.
Results: The primary endpoint (week 4 TPSS % change from baseline) showedstatistically significant improvement for ointment 1 vs vehicle 1 (least squares mean[LSM] -54.4% vs -41.5%), but not for ointment 2 vs vehicle 2 (LSM -24.2% vs -17.2%).Secondary efficacy endpoints (treatment area PGA and TPA) improved similarly fortofacitinib ointment vs corresponding vehicle. Adverse event (AE) occurrence wassimilar across treatment groups. All-causality AEs were reported for 25/71 subjects;all AEs were mild or moderate and none were serious or led to subject discontin-uation. One application site AE (erythema) was reported. Week 4 plasma tofacitiniblevels were below the quantification limit in 40% of ointment 1 and 74% of ointment2 subjects. Tofacitinib mean systemic exposure was low; ointment 1 exposure wasgreater than ointment 2. Epidermal pSTAT3 and Ki67 mean percent decrease frombaseline was greater for ointment 1 (-56% and -50%, respectively) vs vehicle 1 (-3%and -18%, respectively); dermal pSTAT3 and Ki67 mean percent decrease frombaseline for ointment 1 did not differ from vehicle 1. Epidermal K16 and CD3, anddermal CD3 increased from baseline for both ointment 1 and vehicle 1.
Conclusion: In this small phase IIA study, tofacitinib ointment 1 was efficacious ascompared to vehicle andwell tolerated for the treatment of plaque psoriasis. Furtherstudy of tofacitinib for topical plaque psoriasis therapy is warranted.
d 100% by Pfizer Inc.Supporte
P6867Erythema multiforme during treatment with interleukin-12 and interleu-kin-23 inhibitor
Pawel Bogucki, MBBS, Department of Dermatology, Royal Devon and Exeter NHSFoundation Trust, Exeter, United Kingdom; Anthony Downs, MBBS, Departmentof Dermatology, Royal Devon and Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Exeter, UnitedKingdom
Themechanism of erythema multiforme (EM) is not well understood. It can be drug-induced or follow viral infection, such as HSV. EM has previously been reportedfollowing treatment with antieTNF-a agents including infliximab, etanercept, andadalimumab, but not ustekinumab. We know that in drug-induced EM the level oftissue TNF-a is increased, which would be paradoxical in the context of therapywith antieTNF-a inhibitors; hence reactivation of HSV because of immunosuppres-sion has been suggested as more likely cause of EM secondary to these biologicagents. We report a case of a 49-year-old woman with a 34-year history of psoriasistreated unsuccessfully with etanercept, and developed widespread EM after 2 yearsof initially uneventful treatment with adalimumab. This skin eruption resolvedshortly after adalimumab was stopped and 3 months later the patient was given thestarting dose (45 mgs) of ustekinumab. Within 3 weeks she developed targetoidlesions on her arms, face and trunk, and shallow, eroded areas on the mucosalsurfaces of her mouth. These clinical findings were consistent with yet anotherepisode of EM, most likely induced by reactivation of latent HSV (despite swabstaken from the eroded areas failing to confirm that). The patient displayed positiveIgG titers for HSV type 1 (IgM titer was not checked because of local guidelines).Serology for varicella zoster virus andmycoplasma pneumoniae was negative aswellas IgE radioallergosorbent test for latex. A skin biopsy, due to a clear clinical pictureof EM, was not undertaken. Symptoms resolved on antihistamine tablets alone. Thepatient was established on acyclovir 400 mg twice daily for 1 month thenrechallenged and maintained on ustekinumab. After 2 months the acyclovir washalved, and then stopped a month later. No recurrence of EM or cold sores has beenseen. To our knowledge, EM triggered by therapy with IL-12 and -23 has not beenpreviously reported in the literature, but because of interactions between thesecytokines and TNF-a, similar complications are not surprising. We believe that theempirical treatment with acyclovir of our patient will help to progress theunderstanding of the mechanism behind EM secondary to biologic agents and willbecome a recognized treatment option for those who were unfortunate to developEM while being on such effective therapy for psoriasis.
cial support: None identified.Commer
J AM ACAD DERMATOL AB199