Earthquake Preparedness and Post earthquake Reconstruction

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Earthquake Preparedness and Post earthquake Reconstruction

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  • BANGLADESH SESSION: 5

    EARTHQUAKE PREPAREDNESS AND POST-EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION COMPREHENSIVE DISASTER MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME (CDMP II)

    September 25, 2014, China

    Presented by:

    Satyabrata Saha Joint Secretary (DM) Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

    THREE-PRONGED RISK REDUCTION

    Seismic Assessment

    Urban Risk Assessment

  • SEISMIC RISK ASSESSMENT A. Micro zonation Mapping for cities:

    CDMP conducted seismic micro zonation mapping for Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet during Phase I.

    CDMP II has scaled up this micro zonation mapping in Dinajpur, Rangpur, Rajshahi, Tangail & Mymensingh.

    These maps will determine the vulnerability factor for all infrastructure, building, communication networks, life line, gas, electricity and water supply.

    Developed detailed building and infrastructures inventory database of Dhaka and Chittagong City corporation areas (50 wards).

    Developed Geo Dynamic model of Bangladesh.

    Active fault mapping and modeling.

    B. Risk Integrated Development Plan

    Risk Integrated Development Plan development is in progress for Mymensingh district through Urban Development Directorate (UDD) .

    This plan will cover the structural plan, urban/rural area plan, Action area plans and Disaster Management plans.

    Mymensingh district was selected as a pilot basis since the major fault line of the country crosses this district.

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • SEISMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (CONT.) C. Earthquake Contingency Plan

    National Earthquake Contingency Plan has been developed figuring:

    Nine operations clusters focusing the command and coordination operations

    Search, rescue and evacuation operations Health services Relief services Shelter, water supply, sanitation and hygiene Restoration of urban services Transport Security and welfare services.

    Four tier (National, City, Ward and Agency) earthquake contingency plan developed to:

    Identify the key resources to respond to the emergencies

    Build and train emergency response team Restore urban services for meeting the immediate

    needs.

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • SEISMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (CONT.) C. Earthquake Contingency Plan (Continued)

    Cities covered: Earthquake Contingency Plan

    Dhaka, Chittagong, Sylhet, Rangpur & Rajshahi City Corporation and Mymensingh, Tangail, Dinajpur, and Bogra Municipalities Corporation

    Wards covered:

    Dhaka: 25 wards, Chittagong: 16 wards, Sylhet: 13 wards

    Agencies covered:

    Department of Disaster Management (DDM)

    Armed Forces Division (AFD)

    Directorate of Fire Service and Civil Defense (FSCD)

    Directorate General of Health service (DGHS)

    Dhaka Power Distribution Company (DPDC)

    Water Supply & Sewerage Authority (WASA)

    Titas Gas Transmission and Distribution Company Limited (TGTDCL)

    Bangladesh Telecommunication Company Limited (BTCL)

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

    Contingency planning (Scenario-based)

    Saving lives

    Providing humanitarian assistance

    Restoration of facilities and services

  • SEISMIC RISK ASSESSMENT (CONT.)

    CDMP II conducted sub soil investigation and as built structural/foundation as well as architectural drawing in partnership with Public Works Department (PWD) to assess seismic risk and developing retrofitting design of 3 major buildings in Dhaka.

    These buildings include Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh Secretariat Building 4 (MoDMR) and Secretariat Building 1 (Prime Ministers Office)

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

    D. Sub Soil Investigation and Structural Assessment for Developing Retrofitting design

  • CAPACITY BUILDING A. Urban Community Volunteers

    To further strengthen the emergency response in the country CDMP trained more than 26,465 urban community volunteers on search and rescue operations

    Trained 59 community based volunteers for disseminating landslide early warning messages

    Trained 430 secondary and 1,500 primary School teachers on earthquake safety

    B. Training of Govt. Officials and Mayors:

    20 Senior and mid level Officials of FSCD trained abroad on SAR Operation.

    131 Municipal Mayors completed 7th Batch of training on Local Government Self Assessment Tools (LG-SAT)

    C. Training of construction workers

    CDMP trained 1,940 construction (masons, bar binders and local contractors) workers on safety construction

    D. Training of Imams CDMP is in the process of training 600 imams on earthquake risk

    reduction

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • CAPACITY BUILDING (CONT.) Equipment Support

    Heavy equipment (viz crane, pilot transporter, bull dozer, excavator, forklift, emergency light, light equipment such as camera, airlifting bags, rescue jack, two wheeler water mist system etc worth BDT 18 crore) have been handed over to FSCD through DDM.

    10 Model Fire Stations with highly specialized SAR equipment establishment is in progress.

    Seismometer, 30 accelerometer provided to Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB).

    School Earthquake Safety Drills

    CDMP Conducted earthquake drills in 12,000 secondary and 30,000 primary schools all over the country .

    This earthquake drills are a continuous process and conducted twice a year especially in the Earthquake Prone cities of the country.

    CDMP also procured drill items for 1,168 schools

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • POST-EARTHQUAKE RECONSTRUCTION

    CDMP has strengthen retrofitting capacity of Public Works Department (PWD) of the Government by envisioning the pre and post disaster retrofitting works.

    This particular area received less attention as there were no such event took place, however CDMP has adopted Build Back Better approaches in some of its intervention areas such as Disaster Resilient Habitat.

    Build on the success CDMP achieved, World Bank is initiating Bangladesh Urban Resilience Project to Strengthen Capacity, enforcement of building code, and better construction practices.

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

  • LESSON LEARNT AND WAY FORWARD

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief (MoDMR)

    Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

    Lessons LEARNED Demonstrate retrofitting and introduce motivation programme of retrofitting through municipality

    leadership Assessment of firefighting strength, the capacity of hospitals and other medical centers to deal with

    large casualties, Assessment of doctors, nurses and other technical personnel, and the medical and equipment stock

    Better coordination of capacity-building and institutional strengthening is required between emergencies, rather than just during the disaster phase itself.

    Capacity of existing blood banks, development of large blood donors group with contact details Assessment of rescue equipment stock and their usability at the time of response Provide Training to the Engineers, Urban Planners, Geologist, Sociologist, Geographers and other

    related professionals about integration of Risk Assessment Results into Building Construction Practice More intensive policy advocacy towards risk integrated development planning.

    Way FORWARD Effective collaboration between governments and NGOs to increase the impact of earthquake

    preparedness programme Establishment of a interactive GIS based Urban Hazard and Vulnerability mapping web portal. Review of existing national, regional and local level land use policy and building by-laws of Bangladesh Review the current process of land use planning practices and application of by-laws of the selected

    municipalities

  • Thank you

    For more information contact:

    Ministry of Disaster Management & Relief

    Bangladesh Secretariat, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh

    E-mail: info@modmr.gov.bd, Website: www.modmr.gov.bd

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