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Southwest Asia Today. Dubai, UAE. Georgia 7 th Grade Standards. Compare and contrast the economic systems in Israel, Saudi Arabia and Turkey Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of living Explain the primary function of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Dubai, UAESouthwest Asia Today1Georgia 7th Grade StandardsCompare and contrast the economic systems in Israel, Saudi Arabia and TurkeyEvaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard of livingExplain the primary function of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesExplain how most countries have a mixed economy located on the continuum between pure market and pure command.Standard of Living vs. Literacy Rate & GDP per capitaLiteracy Rate percentage of the population at a specific age that can read and writeGDP per capita GDP based on populationStandard of Living the degree of wealth and material comfort available to the general population of a country.GDP total value of all goods and services (Gross Domestic Product)Are literacy rate and GDP linked to standard of living?3High Standards of Living vs.Low Standards of LivingIsraelPopulation 7,821,850Literacy rate 97%GDP per capita - $36,200Manufacturing, technology

Saudi ArabiaPopulation 27,345,986Literacy rate 87%GDP per capita - $31,300Oil productionYemenPopulation 26,052,966Literacy rate 65%GDP per capita - $2,500Oil production, coffee, fish

AfghanistanPopulation 31,822,848Literacy rate 28% GDP per capita - $1,100AgricultureOther Standards of LivingUnited StatesLiteracy Rate 99%GDP per capita - $52,800 (318,892,103)Qatar Literacy Rate 96.3%GDP per capita - $103,900 (2,123,160)IraqLiteracy Rate 78.5%GDP per capita $7,100 (32,585,692)

Cuba Literacy Rate 99.8%Second highest in worldGDP per capita - $10,200

ChinaLiteracy Rate 95.1%GDP per capita - $9,800Population 1,355,692,576Highest in the worldWorld Literacy Map

The Eastern MediterraneanIncludes Turkey*, Jordan, Israel*, Lebanon, Syria, and Palestinian territoriesFaced many conflictsStruggle to achieve peaceCamp David AccordsNot much oil but they do have areas with mild climates and fertile landsFarming is important

TurkeyMild Mediterranean climate (cooler, gets rain)Largest population in SWA (81,000,000) Agriculture for local useExports cotton and tobaccoProduces textiles, steel, and carsGradually moved from govt-directed economy to more private enterprise75% of people live in cities

IsraelHighly developed and industrial economyHigh tech manufacturing (aviation, computers), financial services, timber, and agricultureGovernment owns many businesses but is gradually privatizing companiesmoving from command toward market

Arabian PeninsulaSaudi Arabia*, Yemen, UAE, Oman, Qatar, BahrainOil exports support economies Oil discovered in 1930sMajor suppliers of the worlds energyPetrochemicalsproducts made from petroleum and natural gasplastics, cosmetics, detergents, fertilizers, etc.

OPECOrganization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesDecides how much oil to produce and the price 12 member nations around the world

Saudi ArabiaWorlds leading producer of oilSchools, hospitals, roads, and airports built with oil incomeBuilding new industries to diversify economy95% of oil industry operated by governmentRelies on specialized labor from other countriesGovt trying to increase private ownership of business

The Persian Gulf CountriesIncludes Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)Profits from oil exports used to build strong, wealthy economiesEducation, health care, and other services provided to citizens for freeDiversifying economy in case oil runs out

Economic continuumCommandMarketSA TI 61 63 67 AssessmentLiteracy RateGDPQatarOPECTurkeySaudi ArabiaIsraelAfghanistan

Highest GDP per person in the Middle EastTotal of goods and services sold in a countryOrganization which keeps oil prices high for the worldEastern Mediterranean nation with modern economy and 81 million peopleLowest GDP per person ($1100) and lowest literacy rate (28%)% of people over 15 who can read and write24th in world GDP, modern economy, financial center, timber, agricultureWorlds largest oil producerGovernments of Middle EastLets review the different types of governmentsAbsolute MonarchyDictatorshipAutocracyOligarchyDemocracyParliamentaryPresidentialTheocracyKing Abdallah (SA)Hasan Ruhani (Ir.)Ayatollah Khameini (Ir.)Benjamin Netanyahu (Is.)

Standard SS7CG5The student will explain the structures of the national governments of Southwest Asia (Middle East)a. Compare the parliamentary democracy of the State of Israel, the monarchy of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the theocracy of the Islamic Republic of Iran, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.IsraelParliamentary DemocracyPrime Minister and Parliament are elected by the people (exception to the rule)Parliament is known as Knesset (120 members, 4 yr. terms)Coalition government of many parties. Prime Minister is Benjamin Bibi Netanyahu President (Reuven Rivlin) is a ceremonial role, not part of three branchesMajor issue is security.All citizens can vote and speak freely.

Saudi ArabiaIslamic absolute monarchy The king inherits his positionQuran is the constitution of the country, which is governed on the basis of Islamic law (Sharia). No political parties and no national electionsCabinet is appointed by king (many are royal family members)Male citizens (and soon ALL citizens) elect local council members.The King of Saudi Arabia is both head of state and the head of governmentKing Abdallah has ruled since 2005.

IranAyatollah Ali Khamenei is the Head of State (1989-present)Religious leader theocracySupreme Leader according to QuranAppointed by special committee for lifeElection of president in June 2013 Hasan Ruhani:My government will be one of prudence and hope and my message is about saving the economy, reviving ethics and interaction with the world.

20IraqSaddam Hussein (former dictator)was captured (2003) by U.S. and tried by the Iraqi government.U.S. has sponsored elections but split between Sunni, Shiite, and Kurds has made free elections difficult.2010 open and free elections Prime Minister Nouri al-MalikiParliamentary GovernmentU.S. soldiers are leavingViolence continues to disrupt stability

AfghanistanUnited States goal: stabilize and bring democracy.Constitution set in 2004 with help of N.A.T.O.Hamad Karzai president elected in 2009Presidential Democracybacked by the U.S.Taliban still in control of parts of southern and southeastern Afghanistan and PakistanDemocracy has been slow to grow because of fear and influence of Taliban

AssessmentIsraelIranSaudi Arabia Parliamentary DemocracyMonarchyTheocracy

Ayatollah KhameiniBenjamin NetanyahuKing Abdullah