DOCUNENT RESUME ED 345 002 CE 061 006 DOCUNENT RESUME ED 345 002 CE 061 006 TITLE Race and Sex Discrimination

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  • DOCUNENT RESUME

    ED 345 002 CE 061 006

    TITLE Race and Sex Discrimination in the Operation of the Job Training Partnership Act. Hearing before the Employment and Rousing Subcomatt of the COmmittee on Government Operations. House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session (July 17, 1991).

    INSTITUTION Congress of the U. S., Wachington, D. C. House Committee on Government Operations.

    REPORT NO ISBN-0-16-037789-7 PUB DATE 92 NOTE 115p.; For a related General Accounting Office

    report, see ED 339 924. AVAILABLE FROM U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of

    Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, DC 20402.

    PUB TYPE Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials (090)

    EDRS PRICE MF01/PC05 Plus Postage. DESCRIPTORS Adult Education; Blacks; Employment Programs; Equal

    Opportunities (Jobs); Federal Legislation; *Federal Programs; Females; Hearings; *Job Training; *Racial Discrimination; *Sex Discrimination; Sex Fairness

    IDENTIFIERS Congress 102nd; *Job Training Partnership Act 1982

    ABSTRACT

    This document reports on a congressional hearing on race and sex discrimination in the operation of the Job Training Partnership Act. It examines findings of a General Accounting Office investigation that revealed that women received disparate treatment in job training services in nearly two-thirds of the localities surveyed and that black males received fewer and less intensive services than white males. Testimony includes statements, letters, and prepared statements from representatives in Congress and individuals repreuenting.the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration; Directorate of Civil Rights, U.S. Department of Labor; and the General Accounting Office. Appendixes include questions and answers for the record from two individual representing the Department of Labor. (YLB)

    *********************************************************************** * Reproductions supplied by EDRS are the best that can be made * * from the original document. * ***************************************************************A*******

  • RACE AND SEX DISCRIMINATION IN THE OPER- ATION OF THE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT

    HEARING BEFORE THE

    EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE

    COMMITTEE ON

    GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

    ONE HUNDRED SECOND CONGRESS

    FIRST SESSION

    JULY 17, 1991

    Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

    4 S DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ()nu of I. ducat,onai Res PaCh and Impforoment

    F. CATIONAL RESOURCES INFORMATION CENTER IERICI

    Th,s Amttreent has beer, reerodur ect as trorn me opfson N olganzalion

    or.qinating S.Anor changes have been made fo mprove ,eproducton Quahty

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    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

    WASHINGTON : 1992

    Eot sale hs Ow (imk,tiltitelit hinting ()t I Kr: 11()11111111011 1 10.. timenIs. ('ougrewonaI SaIes VS,I,Ellttoott. IX. 201(12

    ISBN 0-16-037789-7

    '2. BEST COPY AVAILABLE

  • COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

    JOHN CONYERS, Ja., Michigan, Chairman CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois GLENN ENGLISH, Oklahoma HENRY WAXMAN, California TED WEISS, New York MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma STEPHEN L. NEAL, North Carolina DOUG BARNARD, Jr., Georgia TOM LANTOS, California ROBERT E. WISE, JR., West Virginia BARBARA BOXER, California MAJOR R. OWENS, New York EDOLPHUS TOWNS, New York BEN ERDREICH, Alabama GERALD D. KLECZKA, Wisconsin ALBERT G. BUSTAMANTE, Texas MATTHEW G. MARTINEZ, California DONALD M. PAYNE, New Jersey GARY A. CONDIT, California PATSY T. MINK, Hawaii RAY THORNTON, Arkansas COLLIN C. PETERSON, Minnesota ROSA L. DELAURO, Connecticut CHARLES J. LUKEN, Ohio JOHN W. COX. JR., Illinois

    FRANK HORTON, New York WILLIAM F. CLINGER, JR Pennsylvania AL McCANDLES:"., California J. DENNIS HASTEnT, Illinois JON L. KYL, Arizona CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, Connecticut STEVEN SCHIFF, New Mexico C. CHRISTOPHER COX, California CRAIG THOMAS, Wyoming ILEANA ROS-LEHTINEN, Florida RONALD K. MACHTLEY, Rhale Hand DICK ZIMMER, New Jeney WILLIAM H. ZELIFF, Jut New Hampshire DAVID L. HOBSON, Ohio SCOTT L KLUG, Wisconsin-- BERNARD SANDERS, Vermont

    (Independent)

    JUUAN EpsTEIN, Staff Dih..for DONALD W LIPSON. Minority Staff Director

    EMPLOYMENT AND HousING SUEWOMNWTTEE

    TOM LANTOS, California, Chairman roArniEvil G. MARTINEZ, California II,EANA ROS-LEIITINEN, Florida ROSA L. DEI,AURO. Con nt-i1 JON L. KYI., Arizona CHARLES J LUKE.,;, Ohio CHRISTOPHER SHAYS, ConnwticutROBERT E. WISE, Jo West Virginia

    Ex OFFWID JOHN CONYERS, , Michigan FRANK IIORTON, New York

    SWART E WEISHERI;, Staff Director and Counsel LISA PHILLIPS, Prol'essio"al Staff Member

    JUNE LIVINGSTON, C/erk CHRISTINA J TELLALIAN, Mowrity Prolessiona/ Staff

    II

  • CONTENTS

    PageHearing held on July 17, 1991 1Statement of:

    Jones, Roberts T., Assistant Secretary of Labor, Employment and Train-ing Administration, accompanied by Ray Uhalde, Administrator of Strategic Planning and Policy Development 59Lantos, Hon. Tom, a Representative in Congress from the State of Cali-fornia, and chairman, Employment and Housing Subcommittee: Open-ing statement

    1Lockhart, Annabelle T., Director, Directorate of Civil Rights, U.S. Depart- ment of Labor, accompanied by Bud West, Chief, Division of TechnicalAssistance and Compliance Monitoring 75Thompson, Lawrence H., Assistant Comptroller General, Human Re- sources Division, General Accounting Office, accompanied by FranklinFrazier, and Robert Rogers, Detroit national office 20Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by:

    Conyers, Hon. John, Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State ofMichigan, and chairman, Committee on Government Operations: Pre-pared statement 6Horton, Hon. Frank, a Representative in Congress from the State of NewYork: Prepared statement

    15Jones, Roberts T., Assistant Secretary of Labor, Employment and Train-ing Administration: Prepared statement 63Lockhart, Annabelle T., Director, Directorate of Civil Rights, U S. Depart-ment of Labor: Letter dated July 17, 1991, from Lynn Martin, Secretary of Labor, reconcerns of race and sex discrimination 79Prepared statement

    81Thompson, Lawrence H., Assistant Comptroller General, Human Re-sources Division, General Accounting Office: Frepared statement 33

    APPENDIXES Appendix 1.Questions and answers for the record, Roberts T. Jules, Assist-ant Secretary for Employment and Training, Department of Labor 103Appendix 2.Questions and answers for the record, Annabelle T. Lockhart

    Director. Directorate of Civil Rights, Department of Labor 109

    4

  • RACE AND SEX DISCRIMINATION IN THE OPER- ATION OF TOE JOB TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT

    WEDNESDAY, JULY 17, 1991

    HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, EMPLOYMENT AND HOUSING SUBCOMMITTEE

    OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS, Washington, DC.

    The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:08 a.m., in room 2154, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Tom Lantos (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.

    Present: Representatives 'Tom Lantos, Matthew G. Martinez, Rosa L. DeLauro, Charles J. Luken, and Ileana Ros-Lehtinen.

    Also present: Representatives John Conyers, Jr., and Frank Horton.

    Staff present: Stuart E. W-isberg, staff director and chief coun- sel; Lisa Phillips, professional staff member; June Livingston, clerk; and Christina J. Tellalian, minority professional staff, Committee on Government Operations.

    OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN LANTOS Mr. LANTOS. The Subcommittee on Employment and Housing

    will please come to order. At this morning's hearing, the Employment and Housing Sub

    committee will focus its attention on race and sex discrimination in the operation of the Job Training Partnership Act. This act, en- acted by Congress in 1982, is our Nation's major employment train- ing program. It provides Federal funding for State and local agen- cies in cooperation with the private sector to train economically disadvantaged individuals for jobs and to assist them in finding em- ployment.

    In October 1988, the Chicago Urban League released a study which found, "evidence of differential patterns of service and job placement for white, black, and Hispanic JTPA participanL, and that on-the-job training programs where private employers exercise considerable discretion in who is chosen shows clear biases toward whites." The report concluded, "For blacks our study finds consist- ently lower job placement rates and wages, indicating the existence of an institutionalized pattern of employment discrimination."

    A few months earlier, in July 1988, the Women's Action Alliance in New York City had issued a report concluding that the Job Training Partnership Act was, "not effective in moving low-income women out of poverty." A key !inding was that "occupational seg-

    I,

  • 2

    regation is extreme, with over two-thirds of all women concentrat- ed in only two areas, clerical and sales and service."

    The report also found, "the two largest obstacles for women in JTPA are creaming, the system's preference for women who are easy and inexpensive to train and place, and the low wages of JTF'A jobs which do not pay enough for many women to support their families on."

    Early last year, the chairman of the Government Operations Committee, my distinguished friend and colleague, Congressman Conyers, took the initiative and requested that the General Ac- counting Office investigate the question of discrimination