Do Now With your neighbor, locate and identify the following –Buccal cavity –Nasal cavity –Orbital cavity –Oral cavity

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Do Now With your neighbor, locate and identify the following Buccal cavity Nasal cavity Orbital cavity Oral cavity Slide 2 Put in order from most inferior to most superior Slide 3 Most inferior to most superior Feet Knees Ribs skull Slide 4 1. Which is more proximal? Slide 5 The shoulder is more proximal because it is closer to the point of attachment Slide 6 2. Which is more distal? Fingers or elbow Slide 7 The fingers are further away from the point of attachment, therefore, are more distal Slide 8 3. The skull is most Inferior Superior Slide 9 Slide 10 4. What Body cavities do you see? Slide 11 Orbital, nasal, buccal Not cranial, because although you know it is there you cannot actually see it Slide 12 5. The feet are the most Superior or Inferior Slide 13 inferior Slide 14 6. What body system is located in this region? What is the function of this organ system? Slide 15 The body, or organ system located inside the skull is the nervous system The brain is the primary organ involved in the nervous system and functions to control ALL body activities Slide 16 7. Which shows the anatomical position? AB Slide 17 B Anatomical position Face forward, feet side by side, palms forward Slide 18 http://www.wisc- P15305www.wisc- P15305 Slide 19 8. The ear is ______ to the nose? a.Medial b.Lateral c.Superior d.Inferior Slide 20 B Lateral Slide 21 9. The heart and lungs are located in which body cavity? a.Cranial b.Pelvic c.Thoracic d.abdominal Slide 22 C thoracic Slide 23 10. Which organs do you find in the dorsal cavity? a.Spinal chord, heart and brain b.Spinal chord, kidneys and brain c.Spinal chord and brain only d.Brain only Slide 24 C Spinal cord and brain only Slide 25 11. Which lists only ventral cavities a. Abdominal, thoracic, pelvic b.Buccal, nasal, abdominal, cranial c. Buccal, nasal, spinal, thoracic d. Cranial and spinal Slide 26 A Slide 27 12. Homeostasis is the bodies way of a.Making red blood cells b.Maintaining a state of equilibrium c.Cleaning out the blood d.Making waste to be removed from the body Slide 28 B Slide 29 13. All of the following are necessary life functions except: a.Maintaining boundaries b.Responsiveness c.Digestion d.exercise Slide 30 D Although important to health, it is not necessary to live Slide 31 15. Most homeostatic mechanisms are a.Positive feedback mechanisms b.Negative feedback mechanisms c.Neutral feedback mechanisms d.Homeostatic mechanisms Slide 32 B Negative feed back mechanisms Slide 33 16. What organ is the control center in receiving information about and responding to an imbalance? a.Heart b.Lungs c.Uterus d.Brain Slide 34 B Brain Slide 35 17. The anatomical position is a.Erect, Face forward, feet parallel, arms and palms facing forward b.Laying down, face up, palms facing up c.Erect, posterior side showing, palms and arms turned backwards Slide 36 A Slide 37 18. Proximal and Distal are opposite terms that are used to a.Relate two structures located on an attached structure b.Relate two structures on the anterior side c.Relate two structures that are superior Slide 38 A Slide 39 19. The wrist is ______ to the hand a.Inferior b.Proximal c.Distal d.Anterior Slide 40 B Proximal The wrist is proximal to the hand because the wrist is closer to the point of attachment of the arm to body than the hand is Slide 41 20. The breastbone is ___ to the spine a.Posterior b.Anterior c.Superior d.inferior Slide 42 B Anterior Slide 43 21. The brain is ___to the spinal cord a.Inferior b.Superior c.Anterior d.posterior Slide 44 B Superior Slide 45 22. The lungs are ____ to the stomach a.Superior b.Posterior c.Inferior d.Anterior Slide 46 A Superior Slide 47 23. The thumb is ___ to the fingers. (remember anatomical position) a.Medial b.Lateral c.Anterior d.Posterior Slide 48 B Lateral Slide 49 24. A section that creates superior and inferior parts a.Midsagittal b.Transverse c.Sagittal d.frontal Slide 50 B Transverse Slide 51 25. A section that splits the body into anterior and posterior parts a.Midsagittal b.Sagittal c.Transverse d.frontal Slide 52 Frontal D Slide 53 26. The gluteal region is also known as the a.Chest b.Leg c.Buttock d.foot Slide 54 C Buttock Slide 55 27. The carpal region is located at your a.Fingers b.Toes c.Wrist d.leg Slide 56 C Wrist Slide 57 28. The function of the respiratory system is a.Breathing b.Gas exchange c.Pumping blood d.Eliminating waste Slide 58 B Exchange Gas Slide 59 29. The function of the cardiovascular system is a.Gas exchange b.Nutrient absorbtion c.Pump blood throughout body d.Control center Slide 60 C pump blood throughout body Slide 61 30. The function of the digestive system is a.Produce urine b.Break down food c.Make energy in the form of ATP d.Control center Slide 62 B Break down nutrients Slide 63 31. The function of the Nervous system is a.Receive, analyze and respond to internal and external environment b.Pump blood c.Make ATP d.Exchange gasses Slide 64 A Slide 65 32. The function of the reproductive system is a.Make hormones b.Produce offspring c.Produce ATP d.Make red blood cells Slide 66 B Slide 67 33. The skeletal system allows us to a.Stand erect, move and protect major organs b.Maintain posture only c.Protect organs only d.Allows body movement only Slide 68 A Slide 69 35. A neurosurgeon orders a spinal tap for a patient. Into what body cavity will the needle enter? a.Cranial b.Spinal c.Thoracic d.abdominal Slide 70 B Spinal Slide 71 36. Which is more distal? The knee OR the foot Slide 72 FOOT Slide 73 37. Which is more lateral? The nose/the ear Slide 74 Ear Slide 75 38. Which is more superior? The neck/the chin Slide 76 Chin Slide 77 39. Which is more anterior? The heel/the toenails Slide 78 toenails Slide 79 40. Which is more superficial? the skin/skeletal muscles Slide 80 Skin Slide 81 Type II Collins 6 lines Describe a homeostatic mechanism using the following diagram