DNA & Genetic Engineering Review. Scientists & Experiments DNARNA DNA Technology MISC 100 200 300 400 500

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DNA & Genetic Engineering Review Slide 2 Scientists & Experiments DNARNA DNA Technology MISC 100 200 300 400 500 Slide 3 Scientists & Experiments 100 These 2 scientists performed an experiment in which bacteriophages were tagged with radioactive isotopes to prove that DNA is the hereditary molecule. a.Franklin & Wilkins b.Hershey & Chase c.Watson & Crick Answer Slide 4 Scientists & Experiments 200 Which scientist discovered harmless rough bacteria could be transformed into deadly smooth bacteria? a.Avery b.Chargraff c.Griffith d.Kelly Answer Slide 5 Scientists & Experiments 300 These 2 scientists solved the puzzle of the structure of DNA and built a model showing it was a double helix. a.Franklin & Wilkins b.Hershey & Chase c.Watson & Crick Answer Slide 6 Scientists & Experiments 400 Which scientist discovered DNA was the molecule that transformed the rough to smooth bacteria? a.Avery b.Chargraff c.Griffith d.Kelly Answer Slide 7 Scientists & Experiments 500 This scientist used X-rays on a DNA molecule to show the double helix pattern. a.Oswald Avery b.Frederick Griffith c.Erwin Chargraff d.Rosalind Franklin Answer Slide 8 DNA 100 Which sugar does DNA contain? Answer Slide 9 DNA 200 What are the 3 parts of a nuleotide? Answer Slide 10 DNA 300 Where is DNA located in eukaryotic cells? Answer Slide 11 DNA 400 What is the process called where DNA is copied? Answer Slide 12 DNA 500 What does semiconservative replication mean? Answer Slide 13 RNA 100 Which sugar does RNA contain? Answer Slide 14 RNA 200 Which type of RNA carries amino acids? Answer Slide 15 RNA 300 In which part of the cell does translation take place? Answer Slide 16 RNA 400 Which type of RNA receives the information directly from DNA? Answer Slide 17 RNA 500 Describe the process of transcription. Answer Slide 18 DNA Technology 100 A genetically engineered organism that contains a gene from another organism is called a ________. a.genetic organism b.transgenic organism c.bacterial organism d.cloned organism Answer Slide 19 DNA Technology 200 The process by which desired traits are selected and passed on to future generations of organisms is called ________. Answer Slide 20 DNA Technology 300 A DNA molecule containing regions from different sources is called ________. a. restriction DNA b. template DNA c. DNA ligase d. recombinant DNA Answer Slide 21 DNA Technology 400 What is the term used to describe the complete genetic information of a cell or organism? Answer Slide 22 DNA Technology 500 What is the function of gel electrophoresis in DNA fingerprinting? Answer Slide 23 MISC 100 How many codons are needed to specify 8 amino acids? Answer Slide 24 MISC 200 In which type of mutation will every amino acid after the mutation be changed? a.Frameshift b.Point mutation c.Substitution Answer Slide 25 MISC 300 Arrange the following in order from largest to smallest in size: nucleotide, chromosome, cell, DNA, nucleus Answer Slide 26 MISC 400 If a sample of DNA contains 32% thymine (T), according to Chargraffs law, what % will be guanine (G)? Answer Slide 27 MISC 500 What happens during translation? Answer Slide 28 Scientists & Experiments 100 - Answer b. Hershey & Chase Game Board Slide 29 Scientists & Experiments 200 - Answer c.Griffith Game Board Slide 30 Scientists & Experiments 300 - Answer c.Watson & Crick Game Board Slide 31 Scientists & Experiments 400 - Answer a.Avery Game Board Slide 32 Scientists & Experiments 500 - Answer d.Rosalind Franklin Game Board Slide 33 DNA 100 - Answer Game Board Slide 34 DNA 200 - Answer 1.5-carbon sugar 2.phosphate group 3.nitrogenous base Game Board Slide 35 DNA 300- Answer In the nucleus Game Board Slide 36 DNA 400 - Answer Replication Game Board Slide 37 DNA 500 - Answer DNA replication results in 2 DNA molecules, each with one original strand and one new strand. Game Board Slide 38 RNA 100 - Answer ribose Game Board Slide 39 RNA 200 - Answer tRNA Game Board Slide 40 RNA 300 - Answer At the ribosomes Game Board Slide 41 RNA 400- Answer mRNA Game Board Slide 42 RNA 500 - Answer DNA is copied into a complementary strand of mRNA Game Board Slide 43 Chemical Quantities 100 - Answer b. transgenic organism Game Board Slide 44 DNA Technology 200 - Answer Selective breeding Game Board Slide 45 Chemical Quantities 300 - Answer d. recombinant DNA Game Board Slide 46 DNA Technology 400 - Answer Genome Game Board Slide 47 Chemical Quantities 500 - Answer To separate DNA fragments Game Board Slide 48 MISC 100 - Answer Eight Game Board Slide 49 MISC 200 - Answer a.Frameshift Game Board Slide 50 MISC 300 - Answer cell, nucleus, chromosome, DNA, nuleotide Game Board Slide 51 MISC 400 - Answer 18% Game Board Slide 52 MISC 500 - Answer The cell uses information from mRNA to produce proteins. Game Board Slide 53 Slide 54 Final Jeopardy Use the following tRNA strand to write the corresponding DNA strand, mRNA strand, and amino acid sequence. tRNA: GUACGAUGCGUGAAUUAGG Answer Slide 55 Final Jeopardy DNA:GTACGATGCGTGAATTAGG mRNA:CAUGCUACGCACUUAAUCC Amino Acid:meth-leuc-arg-thre-stop