Dental Whitening Jeremy Bojnowski – Robert Martin Lake Shore High School.

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  • Slide 1
  • Dental Whitening Jeremy Bojnowski Robert Martin Lake Shore High School
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  • According to Linda Dyett, professional whitening costs around $650. Did you know that there may be a way to obtain a bright smile with the price of just $10? Bojnowski Martin 2
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  • Why a Bright Smile? Avoids being self conscious Good impression on others Attraction Bojnowski Martin 3
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  • What Causes Dental Discoloration? Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Acidic waste. Bojnowski Martin 4
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  • S. mutans Parasitic organism. Lives on teeth. Accelerates enamel decay. Carbohydrate diet. http:/textbookofbacteriology.net/normalflora.html Bojnowski Martin 5
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  • http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/image- collection-oralhealth#phototake_r m_photo_of_tooth_illustration.jpg Bojnowski Martin 6 The loss of enamel allows tooth coloration to occur
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  • Substitution for Teeth Teeth are mainly composed of calcium carbonate Eggshells are mainly composed of calcium carbonate as well Therefore, eggs work as a substitute Bojnowski Martin 7
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  • 8 Oxidation When an atom loses an electron. H O H O The size and visibility of the atom are reduced. e -1 Neutral tea molecule H 2 0 2 Molecule
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  • How do People Whiten Their Teeth? Mouthwash. Tooth brushing/tooth paste. Professional dental treatment. Bojnowski Martin 9
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  • How do the active ingredients in Vibrant White Pre-Brush Mouthwash from Listerine affect the whiteness of eggs over time? Bojnowski Martin 10
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  • Solution Strength (%) Time (Minutes) -S+-S+ 5075100101520 Independent Variables Bojnowski Martin 11
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  • Variables Solution strength: based off of standard and sensitive mouth treatments Time: based on whitening tray procedures & professional treatments Bojnowski Martin 12
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  • Response Variable Degree of Whiteness. Shows the change in whiteness after treatment(s). Bojnowski Martin 13
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  • What Will Happen? If the recommended dose of mouthwash is applied with the highest amount of time allowed, then the eggs will become whiter than the eggs treated in the standard and lower treatments. Bojnowski Martin 14
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  • Bojnowski Martin 15 http://www.soap.com/p/l isterine-whitening- vibrant-white-pre-rinse- clean-mint-16-oz-87074 http://soundentistry.com/fairborn-and-xenia-whitening/ Clinical Whiteness Scale Whitening Mouthwash
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  • Treatment Preparation Bojnowski Martin 16
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  • 1345672 Bojnowski Martin 17
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  • Average Overall Change Results (+,+)7.16 (-,-)5.33 (+,-)5.67 (-,+)6.72 Bojnowski Martin 18
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  • Results from DOE 3, Trial (+,+) Bojnowski Martin 19
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  • Standard #166 Standard #29.33 Standard #366 Standard #46.33 Standard #577 Standard #66.67 Bojnowski Martin 20
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  • Bojnowski Martin 21 3.33
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  • Experimental Errors Egg Replacement Timer Errors Egg Dying Human Error Bojnowski Martin 22
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  • Main Effect of Solution Strength.39 effect. Not statistically significant. 2* 3.33 .39 Bojnowski Martin 24 Not Significant
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  • Main Effect of Time 1.44 effect Not statistically significant 2 * 3.33 < 1.44 6.66 > 1.44 Not Significant Bojnowski Martin 26
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  • Analysis
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  • Bojnowski Martin 28
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  • Interaction Effect.054 interaction Not statistically significant 2 * 3.33 < 1.44 6.66 > 1.44 Not Significant Shows that combination of variables does not have a significant effect Bojnowski Martin 29
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  • Were We Correct? If the recommended dose of mouthwash is applied with the highest amount of time allowed, then the eggs will become whiter than the eggs treated in the standard and lower treatments. ACCEPTED! Bojnowski Martin 30
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  • What Happened? Testing effectiveness of the mouthwash resulted in a positive outcome. Whitening mouth washes were shown to have a whitening effect. Bojnowski Martin 31
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  • Further Research Different forms of whitening Cost analysis Bojnowski Martin 32
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  • Real-World Application Dental concerning people Solution to oral whitening According to the British Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, 32% of the worlds population is concerned about their teeth. Bojnowski Martin 33
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  • Questions? Bojnowski Martin 34
  • Slide 35 Bojnowski Martin 35">
  • Works Cited Arnold, Paul. "Mouth Bacteria Its a Jungle in There." Brighthub. 22 July 2010. Web. 2 Jan. 12. brighthub.com Bodner. "Oxidation - Reduction Reactions." Oxidation-Reduction Reactions. Bodner Research Web. Web. 15 May 2012. http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/bp/ch19/oxred_1.php Chiedozie, Anjus. "What Is the Chemical Composition of Human Teeth." Ehow Health. 2 Jan. 2012. Web. 2 Jan. 2012. http://www.ehow.com/ehow-health/ Caldwell, Michelle A. "How Does Alcohol Kill Bacteria?" EHow. Demand Media, Web. 29 Jan. 2012. Bojnowski Martin 35
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  • Works Cited Connolly, Arlene. "Does Hydrogen Peroxide Whiten Teeth." Sophisticated Edge. Web. 4 Feb. 12. www.sophisticatededge.com/ CTPA/thefactsabout.co.uk. "How Does Mouthwash Work?" The Factsabout.co.uk. Westhill. Web. 30 Jan. 2012. www.thefactsabout.co.uk/content.asp? menuid=31&submenuid=152&pageid=152&menuname=How+does+mouthwas h+work%3F&menu=sub Curatola, Dr. Gerry. "Re: How Does Tooth Whitening Work?" Web log comment. Sharecare. Colgate. Web. 15 May 2012. http://www.sharecare.com/question/how- teeth-are-whitened Bojnowski Martin 36
  • Slide 37
  • Works Cited Dyett, Linda. "Teeth Whitening: How It Works and What It Costs." Teeth Whitening. Ceatus Media Group, 12 Sept. 2011. Web. 17 May 2012. http://www.yourdentistryguide.com/teeth-whitening/ Forssten, Sofia D., Marika Bjrklund, and Arthur C. Ouwehand. Streptococcus Mutans, Caries and Simulation Models. Publication. Vol. 3. Basel: MDPI, 2010. Streptococcus Mutans, Caries and Simulation Models. MPDI, 23 Feb. 2010. Web. 16 May 2012. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/2/3/290 Johnson, Steve A. "Why Do Our Teeth Turn Yellow." Enzine Articles. 17 Apr. 2009. Web. 4 Feb. 12. Bojnowski Martin 37
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  • Works Cited National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. PubMed. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 16 May 2012. Web. 16 May 2012. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed Orginization (unidentified). "Best Way to Whiten Teeth." Bestwaytowhitenteeth.net. 10 Oct. 2000. Web. 18 Mar. 2012. http://www.bestwaytowhitenteeth.net/ Osborne, Louise, and Michael B. Thompson. JSTOR/Chemical Composition and Structure of. Publication. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH), 2 Aug. 2005. Web. 29 Jan. 2012. http://www.jstor.org/pss/4098580 Bojnowski Martin 38
  • Slide 39
  • Works Cited Roguski, James. The Truth About Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide. Food Grade- Hydrogen-Peroxide. Numerous (several articles included in one). James Paul Roguski. Numerous Dates. PDF file. Web. 2 Feb.12. www.foodgradehydrogenperoxide.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderfiles/TheTruth AboutFGHP.pdf Russell, J. Thomas. Tooth Whitening Shade Guide. Digital image. Sounddentistry.com. Sound Dentistry. Web. 13 Feb. 2012. http://soundentistry.com/tooth-whitening- shade-guide/shade-guide/ "Streptococcus Mutans." - MicrobeWiki. Kennyon University, 4 July 2011. Web. 17 May 2012. http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Streptococcus_mutans Bojnowski Martin 39
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  • Works Cited Www.whiteteethglobal.com." Blog. White Teeth Global, 12 Apr. 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. http://www.whiteteethglobal.com/Blog/blog-teeth-whitening-statistics.html Wikipedia. "Tooth Bleaching." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation Inc., 1 May 2012. Web. 22 May 2012. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tooth_bleaching Bojnowski Martin 40

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