David Busch's Nikon D3100 Guide to Digital SLR Photography

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  • DAVID BUSCHSNIKON D3100

    GUIDE TO DIGITAL SLR PHOTOGRAPHY

    David D. Busch

    Course Technology PTRA part of Cengage Learning

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  • 2012 David D. Busch

    ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyrightherein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used in any form or byany means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited tophotocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping, Web distribution,information networks, or information storage and retrieval systems,except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United StatesCopyright Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

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    All images David D. Busch unless otherwise noted.

    Library of Congress Control Number: 2010941297

    ISBN-13: 978-1-4354-5940-3

    ISBN-10: 1-4354-5940-7

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    David Buschs Nikon D3100 Guide to Digital SLR PhotographyDavid D. Busch

    Publisher and General Manager, CourseTechnology PTR:Stacy L. Hiquet

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    Printed in the United States of America1 2 3 4 5 6 7 13 12 11

    eISBN-10: 1-4354-5941-5

  • For Cathy

  • AcknowledgmentsOnce again thanks to the folks at Course Technology PTR, who recognized that a cam-era as popular as the Nikon D3100 deserves in-depth full-color coverage at a price any-one can afford. Special thanks to executive editor Kevin Harreld, who always gives methe freedom to let my imagination run free with a topic, as well as my veteran produc-tion team including project editor Jenny Davidson and technical editor Mike Sullivan.Also thanks to Bill Hartman, layout; Katherine Stimson, indexing; Sara Gullion, proof-reading; Mike Tanamachi, cover design; and my agent, Carole Jelen, who has the amaz-ing ability to keep both publishers and authors happy.

    About the AuthorWith more than a million books in print, David D. Busch is the worlds #1 selling dig-ital camera guide author, and the originator of popular digital photography series likeDavid Buschs Pro Secrets and David Buschs Quick Snap Guides. He has written fifteenhugely successful guidebooks and compact guides for Nikon digital SLR models, andseveral dozen additional user guides for other camera models, as well as many popularbooks devoted to dSLRs, including Mastering Digital SLR Photography, Third Editionand Digital SLR Pro Secrets. As a roving photojournalist for more than 20 years, he illus-trated his books, magazine articles, and newspaper reports with award-winning images.Hes operated his own commercial studio, suffocated in formal dress while shootingweddings-for-hire, and shot sports for a daily newspaper and upstate New York college.His photos have been published in magazines as diverse as Scientific American andPetersens PhotoGraphic, and his articles have appeared in Popular Photography & Imaging,The Rangefinder, The Professional Photographer, and hundreds of other publications. Hesalso reviewed dozens of digital cameras for CNet and Computer Shopper. His advice hasbeen featured on National Public Radios All Tech Considered.

    When About.com named its top five books on Beginning Digital Photography, debut-ing at the #1 and #2 slots were Buschs Digital Photography All-In-One Desk Referencefor Dummies and Mastering Digital Photography. During the past year, hes had as manyas five of his books listed in the Top 20 of Amazon.coms Digital Photography Bestsellerlistsimultaneously! Buschs 100-plus other books published since 1983 include best-sellers like David Buschs Quick Snap Guide to Using Digital SLR Lenses.

    Busch earned top category honors in the Computer Press Awards the first two years they were given (for Sorry About The Explosion and Secrets of MacWrite, MacPaint and MacDraw), and he later served as Master of Ceremonies for the awards. Visit hiswebsite at http://www.dslrguides.com/blog.

  • Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiiiIntroduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xv

    Chapter 1Getting Started with Your Nikon D3100 1In a Hurry? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2First Things First. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Initial Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

    Mastering the Multi Selector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Setting the Clock. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Battery Included . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Final Steps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

    Choosing a Release Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17Using the Information Edit Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Selecting a Shooting Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20

    Choosing a Scene Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Choosing an Advanced Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

    Choosing a Metering Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Choosing Focus Modes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Choosing Autofocus-Area Mode. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Choosing Focus Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Adjusting White Balance and ISO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Reviewing the Images Youve Taken . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Using the Built-in Flash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Transferring Photos to Your Computer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Using the Guide Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

    Guiding Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

    Contents

  • Chapter 2Nikon D3100 Roadmap 35Nikon D3100: Front View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37The Nikon D3100s Business End . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41Playing Back Images . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45

    Zooming the Nikon D3100 Playback Display. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Viewing Thumbnails . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48Working with Calendar View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49Working with Photo Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

    Shooting Information Display/Information Edit Screen. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55Going Topside. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Lens Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60Underneath Your Nikon D3100 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64Looking Inside the Viewfinder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

    Chapter 3Setting Up Your Nikon D3100 67Anatomy of the Nikon D3100s Menus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68Playback Menu Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

    Delete . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72Playback Folder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73Display Mode . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74Image Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75Rotate Tall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76Slide Show . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .